Navigation Links
Environmental Factors Leads to Obesity in Rural Communities

Researchers have found that physical inactivity due to lack of recreational facilities, stores, churches and schools within the surrounding area make rural people obese.//

The study is thought to be the first to examine the link between obesity and the environmental factors within rural communities. It builds upon previous Saint Louis University School of Public Health research that examines the environmental features of a community that encourage physical activity, which is critical in the fight against obesity.

“What we found is similar to what we’ve known. Certain characteristics of a neighborhood may put residents at greater risk of being obese,” said Tegan Boehmer, Ph.D., principal investigator and a researcher from Saint Louis University School of Public Health.

“This is the first time it’s been confirmed in people who live in rural settings. Altering the neighborhood environment to be more activity friendly may result in higher levels of physical activity and the reduced prevalence of obesity on a population level.”

Researchers conducted telephone interviews with about 2,500 residents of 13 rural communities in Missouri, Tennessee and Arkansas. Participants were asked their weight and height so researchers could determine their body mass index, which shows whether a person is obese, overweight or normal weight. Those surveyed also answered questions about access to recreation facilities and other localities, transportation and safety, aesthetics and food choices in their community. The study quantified how residents perceive their environment.

Personal behaviors, such as eating a high-fat diet or spending leisure time watching television, and being middle-aged were strongly related to obesity.

However environmental factors, such as distance from recreational facilities and other destinations, feeling unsafe from crime and traffic and poor aesthetics of the neighborhood, also were moderatel y linked to obesity. Those who were both obese and inactive were more likely to be influenced by these community characteristics than those who were simply obese, the study found.

“Further distance to the closest recreational facility increased the likelihood of being obese,” Boehmer says. “In particular, obese persons were more likely to perceive no walking or biking trail within a 10-minute walk from home when compared with other types of recreational facilities.”

Nearly half of the participants reported lack of sidewalks on most streets and stated they felt unsafe from traffic while walking or biking. Those who expressed concerns about traffic safety also were more likely to be obese, the study found.

“Promoting and enhancing existing trails or adding nearby trails could be a useful intervention in rural communities,” Boehmer says. “They may be a more economical alternative than sidewalks in making it safer for rural residents to be physically active, particularly in areas with winding or narrow roads.”

Her research validates the importance of community leaders, researchers and practitioners from the fields of public health, urban planning and transportation collaborating to design communities that encourage a healthy lifestyle, she adds.

About a quarter of the population in the South and Midwest live in rural towns. Obesity and a more sedentary lifestyle are more common in rural communities than in large metropolitan areas and suburban areas, previous research has found.

(Sourc: Newswise)

Related medicine news :

1. Environmental Factors Found To Have An Impact On The Sex of A Child
2. Environmental Factors Found To Have An Impact On The Sex of A Child
3. Environmental estrogens can cause breast cancer
4. Athletes Are More Prone To Environmental Pollutants Due To Choice Of Diet
5. Industrial and Environmental pollutants increase diabetes risk
6. Environmental Abuse Causes Health Hazards
7. Genes And Environmental Factors Determine Stress Response
8. Air Pollution in Tamil Nadu is a Cause of Concern for Environmentalists
9. WHO Outlines the Link between Environmental Hazards and Disease
10. Environmental Factors Trigger Onset of Diabetes
11. Pharmaceuticals May not Pose Major Aquatic Environmental Risks
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... IBM software products, introduced a new company, RightSensor™ LLC, an Internet of Things ... capability. RightSensor™ provides a fully-managed approach for customers requiring sensor hardware for ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... CHENNAI, India (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... advanced camera solutions, today announced See3CAM_CU40, the industry’s first RGB-IR pixel format ... module. See3CAM_CU40, a new member of e-con’s See3CAM family of UVC USB 3.0 cameras, ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Protein is essential to good health. You need ... blood. But how much protein does the average man need in order to stay ... the October 2015 issue of Harvard Men's Health Watch . Most Americans get ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... 2015 , ... T-System and Centegra Health System, a prominent ... visits per year, today announced the successful and rapid deployment of EV™, an ... financial outcomes. , In less than four days, Centegra Hospitals McHenry ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... World Patent Marketing , a ... snow melting invention that helps people in clearing snow away from the streets and ... grow at 3.8% per year," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... 13, 2015  Measurement in accountable care programs ... financial incentives, but gaps in measurement can result ... health systems. A new, peer-reviewed study published ... explores measurement gaps for high-priority conditions ... --> --> "These ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , Oct. 13, 2015  Nanomedical Diagnostics, ... use in research and diagnostics, announces the completion ... million led by Serra Ventures. ... is providing low-cost, easy-to-use monitoring and diagnostic platforms ... decisions. The funding round will enable the company ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... 13 2015 ... the "US & European Markets for ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "US & European Markets ... (2010-2021)" report to their offering. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: