Navigation Links
Efforts To Replace Reading Glasses Are In View

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---It's 10 p.m., and you've finally relaxed into your favorite comfy chair to review the day's news. Patting your shirt pockets you realize// there's a problem, and now you're not in a mood to relax anymore. You can't find your reading glasses. Again!

Presbyopia---the inability to focus on close objects resulting in blurred vision---affects 100 percent of people by age 50. Historically, laser correction of the intraocular lens for presbyopia has been proposed, but it is risky because there is no way to monitor the procedure---no way for ophthalmologists to see what they are doing to the lens being cut.

But a tool developed at the University of Michigan allows for a potentially noninvasive, painless fix to presbyopia using tiny bubbles that help ophthalmologists reshape the eye's lens and restore its flexibility and focusing ability. Matthew O'Donnell, professor and chair of the U-M Department of Biomedical Research, along with Kyle Hollman, assistant research scientist and adjunct lecturer, and graduate student Todd Erpelding, developed the method. Recently, it was successful when tested in pig lenses.

Presbyopia usually starts around age 40, O'Donnell says. The predominant belief is that fibers created in the intraocular lens accumulate and stiffen, thus making the lens less flexible. Without that flexibility, the lens can't change shape to focus on near objects, a process called accommodation.

So, while a young eye is like an automatic focus camera, the presbyopic eye can be thought of as a fixed focus camera, he says. One way to potentially solve presbyopia is to laser away some fibers to restore flexibility, but there is no way to know how much or where to cut, he adds.

‘There are no noninvasive or minimally invasive procedures for presbyopia,’ said O'Donnell, 55, who explained that he started research on presbyopia when he began to notice his own near-sight failing. He held up his reading glasses : ‘I got sick of wearing these things.’

The U-M tool uses bubbles, ultrafast optics and ultrasound to measure the thickness and rigidity of the lens during laser surgery, thus guiding the surgeon as they reshape the lens. It's a new application for microscale bubbles, which scientists have experimented with for years in the areas of drug delivery, tumor destruction and other medical applications.

For the treatment of presbyopia, the U-M team used ultrafast laser pulses to create tiny gas bubbles within the intraocular lens. Before the bubbles diffuse, researchers hit them with high frequency sound waves, which push the bubbles against neighboring lens fibers.

‘Part of the sound is reflected, and from the characteristic of the reflection, you know where the bubble is,’ O'Donnell said. ‘It uses exactly the same technology as ultrasound imaging.’

In this way, researchers measure how far the bubbles have moved based on the force applied, and thus measure the pliability of the lens.

on the force applied, and thus measure the pliability of the lens.

‘The bubbles show you where the laser should cut,’ O'Donnell said. ‘If it's still too hard, you cut some more. If it's soft enough, you stop.’

The future plan is to automate the procedure to quickly cover the entire lens with bubbles, he said. The team, which will begin testing this year, is talking with several companies about commercial opportunities.

Source: urekalert
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Asian Nations To Take Joint Efforts Against H5N1
2. Bihar CM Calls For Concerted Efforts To Tackle HIV/AIDS Menace
3. Travel And Tourism Industry Calls For Global Efforts To Limit Sexual Trafficking Of Children
4. Health Minister Praises Efforts By NHS In Reducing Patient Waiting Time
5. Efforts To Vanquish Skin Disease Among Infants
6. Efforts to Check Uncontrolled use of Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance
7. Physicians Enlisted in Efforts to Keep Demented Drivers Off the Road
8. Heart Disease, Stroke Prevention Efforts Among Women
9. WHO Calls for Greater Efforts to Fight TB
10. Efforts Underway to Fight Alcoholism Among Tribals
11. U.N. Officials Call on Countries To Strengthen HIV/AIDS Prevention Efforts
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... The National Association ... into its VIP Woman of the Year Circle. She is recognized with this prestigious ... professional women, boasting more than 850,000 members and over 200 operating Local Chapters. , ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... According to an ... with numerous issues related to medical care in the hospital setting, which include ... manner from hospital staff. Commenting on this article, the founder of House Call ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... AZ (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... NCPDP presented its 2016 Champion Award to Charles D. Pulido, R.Ph., Co-Founder ... Lee Wilkins, Pharm.D., M.S., Ph.D., Pharmacy Advisor and Health IT Specialist, Office of ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 03, 2016 , ... Healing Cancer in This Century is a ... toward recovery and is offered by creator and visionary Carlos Caridad. Healing Cancer ... show considering medical and healing modalities of the fields of Integrative, Alternative, Energetic, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Irvine, California (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 ... ... of its innovative brainsalvation tool – a web application that helps people assess ... medical research, the brainsalvation™ web app will provide users a “Risk Reduction Score™” ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  As a teenager, ... contracted rheumatic fever, which damaged his heart. He continued ... But by June 2013, Shepherd,s heart was giving out ... death. On June 20, 2013, the Mesa, ... Artificial Heart (TAH-t). Like a heart transplant, the SynCardia ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... OSWEGO, Ore. , May 3, 2016   ... the importance of extending care beyond the implant at ... Sessions, May 4-7 in San Francisco ... with continually delivering the highest quality of patient care ... patients are cared for each and every tomorrow," said ...
(Date:5/3/2016)...  Specialty Silicone Fabricators is offering teachers a ... cleanroom works. The free visual aid provides a ... Chris Mazelin , SSF ... enthusiastically supports the Science, Technology, Engineering and Math ... generation of innovators. We want to provide resources ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: