Navigation Links
Ecological Changes affects human health, food security

Scientists are now monitoring data human welfare, spread of infectious disease and food security using remote sensing technology and satellite imagery in order to acquire the proper balance between ecological systems//.

Doug Goodin, the geography professor of Kansas State University has used a satellite imagery to enable the study of changes in land use, and land cover and its related effect on human health and food security.

Doug Goodin uses remote sensing, in combination with other types of data, to monitor and forecast the spread of infectious disease. Goodin and other scientists recently discussed this subject at the workshop, ‘Contributions of Remote Sensing for Decisions about Human Welfare,’ sponsored by the National Academies of Science in Washington, D.C.

According to Goodin, there is a confluence of change currently taking place across the globe. The world's population is steadily increasing, the global climate is changing and global ecology is being altered. All are thought to be related to the emergence of new diseases or re-emergence of old diseases, he said.

‘One of the new paradigms for looking at this kind of thing is that we try to understand the disease as not just something that affects the human being,’ Goodin said. ‘We also try to understand its ecological context, its physical context and also its social context because there are certainly social human factors in any kind of disease.’

Goodin said one reason for current interest in remote sensing is because it allows researchers to measure or note changes in the delicate balance of ecological systems. He is using the technology to study the re-emergence of hantavirus in the South American country of Paraguay.

The deadly rodent-borne virus is fatal 30 percent to 50 percent of the time in humans.

‘By using remote sensing technology, we've been able to understand how human beings have changed the landscape the mice live in,’ Goo din said. ‘It forces different kinds of behavior for the mice. It brings them, perhaps, more in contact with each other, so the disease spreads horizontally in the rodent population, and more in contact with people, so there is a greater chance humans can contract this disease.’

Goodin said the reoccurrence of the Hantavirus, which re-emerged in the 1990s in United States, is evidence of the delicate balance of ecological systems and the possibility of disease to emerge or re-emerge when those systems are altered. He chose Paraguay to conduct his study because it is one place where there has been significant occurrence of the disease and also because there are several Hantaviruses circulating there.

‘Even though it is a relatively small country, Paraguay is a country with tremendous ecological contrast,’ Goodin said.

Goodin attributes the rapid deforestation of Paraguay's rain forest, the Atlantic forest, as a cause for the landscape changes. He said the Atlantic forest is more of a biodiversity hot spot than the more famous Amazon forest. He said the forest is rapidly disappearing because people need the land.

According to Goodin, remote sensing technology also can be used to reduce sickness related to poor water quality, such as diarrhea.

‘That is something we can observe with remote sensing,’ Goodin said. ‘We can actually look at water bodies; we also can look at the context to see where pollutants in water are coming from. Armed with that kind of knowledge, we can actually suggest how try to eliminate these problems.’

Soure: Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. GlaxoSmithKline - Changes Lamictal(R) Label Appearance and Packaging
2. Changes in cabin pressure pose risks for moms-to-be
3. Dietary Changes Could Reduce The Risk for Stroke
4. Link Between High Blood Sugar And Behavioral Changes
5. Specific Changes In A Particular Gene Found To Increase The Risk of Alzheimer’s Diseas
6. Ultrasounds To Detect Changes In Heart Motions
7. Changes In Brain Structure From Methamphetamine Abuse And HIV Infection
8. Age Can Changes Symptoms Of Sinusitis
9. New Research To Study Brain Changes In Premature Births
10. MRI Shows Emotional Changes During Menstrual Cycle
11. Psychosocial Disability Varies In Accordance With Bipolar Symptom Changes
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/30/2015)... ... , ... Cycling, running, and walking are regular Sunday activities for many South ... 28, 2016. , That’s when the 7th annual ANF Group Tour de Broward ... and families at Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital. , The community fundraiser, sponsored ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... ingredient list of its hemorrhoid ointment to its website. , “Our goal is ... people suffering from hemorrhoids. Adding the comparison chart and ingredient list allows our ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... At Grand Dental PC, their priority is ... When you have dental problems, you need to turn to a dentist who listens ... treat your needs, a friendly dentist who counsels you on the best ways to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... ... Dr. Seth D. Margulies specializes in orthodontics and is based in Perth ... the best available orthodontic experience in the area. Dr. Margulies has met all ... the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... new study by UPMC and KingMed Diagnostics researchers. Their ... years found that consultation with UPMC pathologists resulted in significantly altered treatment plans ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015  Novartis will demonstrate the strength ... th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting. ... as well as supportive care, including key findings in ... cell therapies. The ASH Annual Meeting will be held ... Novartis Oncology . "We will be presenting ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... and BOSTON , November 30, 2015 ... develop potential new medicines directed at up to 10 ... --> PFE ) to research and develop ... protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) targets across multiple therapeutic areas. ... drug discovery and development company and wholly-owned subsidiary of ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , November 30, 2015 ... or the "Company") announced today that it was informed by ... and Drug Safety (MFDS) has approved its Exablate Neuro ... --> --> Insightec,s Exablate ... treatment alternative that combines two technologies: Focused Ultrasound, which ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: