Navigation Links
Eat Fruits- Keep Diseases at Bay

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends at least two servings of fruits and three servings of vegetables daily.//

Two recent studies find that Americans are not eating enough fruits and vegetables. This is a serious public health concern because consuming a diet high in fruits and vegetables is associated with decreased risk of obesity and certain chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some cancers.

Researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research in Baltimore analyzed NHANES data (National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys) to determine trends over time for fruit and vegetable consumption among American adults.

The answers are not encouraging. Despite campaigns and slogans, Americans have not increased their consumption, with 28% and 32% meeting USDA guidelines for fruits and vegetables, respectively, and less than 11% meeting the current USDA guidelines for both fruits and vegetables.

The study included 14,997 adults (?Y18 years) from 1988 to 1994 and 8,910 adults from 1999 to 2002 with complete demographic and dietary data. Approximately 62% did not consume any whole fruit servings and 25% of participants reported eating no daily vegetable servings.

There was no improvement in Americans?ˉ fruit consumption during this period and there was a small decrease in vegetable intake.

In the article, Tiffany Gary, PhD, states, "Low fruit and vegetable consumption with no indication of improvement between 1988 and 2002 as well as consumption disparities across ethnic, income, and educational groups should alarm public health officials and professionals.

With two thirds of the U.S. adult population overweight or obese, the implications of a diet low in fruits and vegetables are extensive .New strategies, in addition to the 5-A-Day Campaign, are necessary to help Americans make desira ble behavioral changes to consume a healthy diet that includes a variety of fruits and vegetables."

Previous studies have shown a disparity in the diets of blacks and whites, as well as a more serious disparity in the incidence of heart disease, cancer and stroke. A second article published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examined whether the diets of non-Hispanic blacks have improved relative to the diets of whites.

Also working with the data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) I (1971¨C75); II (1976¨C1980); III (1988¨C1994); 1999¨C2000; and 2001¨C2002, researchers found that little progress has been made in closing the gap between blacks and whites.

In fact, the authors point out that the results are remarkable for similarity of trajectories in all race¨Cgender groups. The quantity of food, total energy intake, energy from carbohydrate, and energy density increased, and energy from total and saturated fat and cholesterol intake decreased across the board.

These results suggest a population-wide shift in intake of energy and macronutrients over the 3-decade span of the four surveys and may reflect changes in diet that were adopted by all race¨Cgender groups.

Dr. Ashima Kant, PhD, Queens College of the City University of New York, concludes, "Dietary intake trends in blacks and whites over the past several decades appear to be similar?asuggesting that previously identified dietary risk factors that differentially affect black Americans have not improved in a relative sense.

The differences observed need to be confirmed with biomarkers, but would seem sufficiently strong to warrant intensified study and action to better understand the sociocultural or environmental factors that anchor these persistent differentials and identify approaches to effect change while building on strengths of current dietary patterns where possible."

Inc reases in public awareness of the importance of and recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption are yet to be accompanied by increased intake, demonstrating the need for a reinvigorated effort to promote fruit and vegetable consumption.

On March 19, 2007 ??Fruits & Veggies?aMore Matters?ˉ will be launched. This effort will build on the strong public-private partnership begun in 1991 by the 5-A-Day for Better Health Program."



Source-Eurekaler
PRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. In Chronic Diseases - Poor compliance of Patients with drug treatment
2. ICMR along with other International Research organisation with drug development for Neglected Diseases
3. Chronic Diseases said to Cause Falls in the Elderly
4. Viagra Also Found To Be Effective For Treatment of Lung Diseases
5. The Drug Tetrathiomolybdate Found To Be Useful For Various Diseases
6. New Oral Medication That Could Arrest Autoimmune Diseases In its early Stages
7. New Diseases
8. Incidence Of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Gay Men On The Rise
9. Controlled Gene Expressions Can Cure Many Diseases
10. Patients Suffering From Severe Mental Diseases Are At Risk Of Being Crime Victims
11. Digoxin Pill To Fight Against Both Heart Diseases And Cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/17/2017)... , ... August 17, 2017 , ... Inc. Magazine Unveils ... at No. 132 with Three-Year Sales Growth of 3,004.8% , NEW YORK, August 16, ... Inc. 5000, the most prestigious ranking of the nation's fastest-growing private companies. The list ...
(Date:8/17/2017)... , ... August 17, 2017 , ... ... Employers , an international competition, were announced today. The awards recognize the world’s ... suppliers who help to create and drive great places to work. , A ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Blue Health Intelligence (BHI) ... President, Chief Medical Officer. Dr. Spiro brings over 30 years of clinical, healthcare IT, ... for BHI’s cutting-edge analytics solutions. , “I am thrilled to welcome Dr. Spiro ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... Atlanta, GA (PRWEB) , ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... the new Inc. 5000. The company ranked #4429 on the newly released, 36th annual ... The list represents a unique look at the most successful companies within the American ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... ... their recently launched community enrichment program. Partnering once again with Boys & Girls ... competition to help find the area’s very own American Idol. With all proceeds ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/2/2017)... AROMAS, Calif. , Aug. 2, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... by Continental Who,s Who as a Pinnacle Lifetime ... currently the Key Account Manager at Turing Pharmaceuticals, ... communications, negotiations, troubleshooting and relationship building.                ... has more than 25 years of experience ...
(Date:7/31/2017)... FLINT, Mich. , July 31, 2017  Diplomat Pharmacy, ... companies in southeast Michigan by ... feature ranks private and public companies by three-year revenue growth. ... To view the complete list, ... Crain,s Fast 50 is an incredible triumph," said Phil ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... -- Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) today reported ... The Company reported second quarter net sales of $1.954 ... period, and an increase of 2.1% on a constant ... from the LDR Holding Corporation acquisition, second quarter 2017 ... or 0.3% on a constant currency basis. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: