Navigation Links
Dog DNA reveals man's link with best friend,,

Since the start in recent years of intense genetic sequencing, more than 150 species, mostly bacteria, have been completed, but the study appearing this week in the journal// Science is the first for a companion animal.

A standard size poodle named Shadow, the family pet of gene researcher J. Craig Venter, provided the specimen that researchers used to sequence the canine genes.

"Shadow is now one of history's most valuable dogs," said Venter, founder and leader of one of the two teams that first sequenced the human genome.

The rough draft shows dogs have about 2.4 billion base pairs of DNA, or about half a billion fewer than humans. Genomic Researchers of the study say that genetic sequence is important for medical research because dogs share about 360 of the same genetic disorders that are known in humans. Dogs, they said, are second only to humans in the thoroughness of medical understanding and research.

All mammals, at one point, had a common ancestor. But dogs are known to have diverged toward an independent species about 95 million years ago. The mouse and humans both diverged about 87 million years ago, making mice closer to humans in time.

"We are much closer to the dog than to the mouse in terms of our gene content and structure," said researchers. "But if you do the evolutionary tree, we are on the same linage as the mouse. The mouse is evolving at a much faster rate." Researchers achieved what is called 1.5 X coverage of the dog genome.

This means many DNA fragments remain and the results are less accurate than the completed sequences of some other species. For instance, the mouse has been sequenced to a 8 X coverage, which is considered ideal and essentially complete.

But they said because of the genetic sequences already completed for other species, particularly the human and the mouse, their team was able through comparison to quickly identify genes and gene regulatory element s in the dog genome that match those in other mammals.

Using this technique from species to species will enable researchers to more quickly and at less cost identify the genetic source of many human disorders, they said. Researchers said their labs can now do three other mammal species, probably the whale, elephant and dolphin, for what it would have cost to carry the dog genome to an 8 X fidelity.

"We can do more species at lower cost and still annotate [identify] elements of the human genome with equal power," they said.

A more complete genetic sequencing of the dog is expected to be finished next year.


Related medicine news :

1. CDC reveals relationship between prepregnant weight and heart defects in infants
2. Dental exam reveals stroke risk
3. Study reveals how stress can make you sick
4. Study reveals how stress can make you sick
5. Dog DNA reveals mans link with best friend
6. Study reveals that it is easy for people to learn from watching others learn
7. New study reveals how to strike a balance between heart-healthy fats
8. SNUPPY – Woo Suk Hwang reveals World’s first dog cloe
9. China reveals new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease
10. Mummy’s place is at home, reveals surve
11. Sexual Behavior is inclined towards monogamy, reveals survey
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is helping to ... app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the fitness industry ... fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons people quit ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a ... new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a ... occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has ... he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The ... first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer from a complex set of ... or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid this pain and suffering, Serenity ... event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range of emotions, from depression, guilt, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that ... chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent ... special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 According to a ... (Standard Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length (4mm, ... Hormone), Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends & ... studies the market for the forecast period of 2016 ... 2.81 Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion in ...
(Date:6/24/2016)...  Arkis BioSciences, a leading innovator in the ... cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today announced it has secured ... led by Innova Memphis, followed by Angel Capital ... Arkis, new financing will accelerate the commercialization of ... of its in-licensed Endexo® technology. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Any dentist who has made an implant ... process. Many of them do not even offer this as ... high laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE able to ... a high cost that the majority of today,s patients would ... Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: