Navigation Links
Does Anti-TNF Therapy Control Ankylosis ?

Arthritis is a condition resulting from inflammation of joints. It causes swelling and pain resulting in limited movement.//

Spondylarthritis (SpA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and inflammatory bowel disease are all associated rheumatic diseases collectively known as "spondyloarthropathies". Aside from chronic inflammation, these conditions are all characterized by ankylosis, stiffness and fusion of bone in the spine and peripheral joints. Ankylosis is an incapacitating condition that ultimately results in loss of spinal mobility and function severely affecting a person's quality of life.

Currently, inhibition of tumor necrosis factor á (TNFá) is the most effective strategy for controlling the painful symptoms of SpA and slowing vertebral joint destruction. But does anti-TNF therapy do anything to reduce the incidence or severity of ankylosis?

To answer this critical question, a quartet of researchers led by Dr. Frank P. Luyten, Division of Rheumatology, University Hospitals, Leuven, Belgium, tested the effectiveness of etanercept, an established TNF receptor, on animal models of arthritis.

Their findings, highlighted in the February 2007 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism (http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/arthritis), cast doubts on the feasibility of preventing joint and spine ankylosis with anti-TNF strategies while shedding light on the process of SpA.

A sample of male mice with spontaneous arthritis were caged together and observed from the age of 10 weeks. From week 12 to week 25, the mice were treated twice weekly with etanercept, in a strength comparable to standard dosage for human patients, or a placebo. Mice were also scored twice weekly for signs of arthritis, including cartilage formation, bone formation, and joint ankylosis. The mice were killed at age 25 weeks, autopsied, and analyzed, through cell population staining, for the presence of TNFá.

In a complementary experiment, another sample of mice was induced with arthritis, using methylated bovine serum albumin. Four days later, these mice were given a single injection of etanercept. Three days later, on day seven, they were killed. Signs of arthritis were assessed and graded for cartilage destruction and bone erosion.

For the mice with induced arthritis, etanercept had a significant impact on disease severity, inhibiting inflammation and cartilage and bone destruction. For the mice with spontaneous arthritis, however, etanercept proved no more effective than placebo at inhibiting new cartilage or bone formation or ankylosis. What's more, TNFá-positive cells were observed in the joint capsule, adjacent blood vessels and in new cartilage.

"Our observations strengthen our hypothesis that new bone formation in SpA is clinically relevant and largely independent of inflammation," Dr. Luyten states. "Long-term results from clinical trials are required to corroborate this hypothesis in patients with SpA," he acknowledges, "and to define whether the process of ankylosis should become a separate therapeutic target."



Source-Eurekalert
RI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
2. Consensus on "Combination Therapy" for Breast Cancer
3. Gene Therapy shows promise in treating Hemophilia
4. "Make AIDS Therapy affordable" - Physicians demand
5. Hormone replacement Therapy a headache
6. Simple Therapy
7. Therapy for stopping the spread of cancer cells
8. Gene Therapy Destroys Pancreatic Cancer Cells
9. Letrozole Beats Tamoxifen in Breast Cancer Therapy
10. Garlic Supplements Impede HIV Therapy
11. Gene Therapy For Cystic Fibrosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... Hackensack, N.J. has been honored by Enterprising Women magazine as one of its ... world’s top women business owners. Winners have demonstrated that they have fast-growth businesses, ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... Pioneer today launched a unique website ( CRISPRCas.pioneer.com ) that demonstrates how this ... help farmers produce more and better food, with fewer resources. It highlights the ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Splashtop Inc. ... Pro . This new addition to the Mirroring360 product family combines device screen ... , Mirroring360 Pro enables educators, business professionals and individuals to stream or mirror ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... attempts to compare student test score performance for the 2015-16 school year across ... state’s voucher programs. Though it highlights important patterns in student test score performance, ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... , ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... way in unveiling cutting-edge birth defects research related to Zika virus during pregnancy, ... world’s premier society for this important science. , The Teratology Society ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - CRH Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: ... Burton & Co. Healthcare Investor Conference 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel ... Wright , Chief Executive Officer of the Company is scheduled to ... Richard Bear and the Chairman of the Board, ... ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... The Mobile X-Ray product segment is the most ... the forecast period Mobile X-Ray segment is the ... X-Ray devices market, which is estimated to be valued at ... CAGR of 7% over the forecast period. Mobile X-Ray segment ... US$ 100 Mn in 2017 over 2016. The segment,s revenue ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Global Surgical Drainage Device Market: Overview ... remove excess liquid and air. The fluid to be ... lymph. Surgical drains are used in a wide variety ... cardiovascular surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery etc. Common use of ... of fluid e.g. blood or pus. Surgical drains are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: