Navigation Links
Does Anti-TNF Therapy Control Ankylosis ?

Arthritis is a condition resulting from inflammation of joints. It causes swelling and pain resulting in limited movement.//

Spondylarthritis (SpA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and inflammatory bowel disease are all associated rheumatic diseases collectively known as "spondyloarthropathies". Aside from chronic inflammation, these conditions are all characterized by ankylosis, stiffness and fusion of bone in the spine and peripheral joints. Ankylosis is an incapacitating condition that ultimately results in loss of spinal mobility and function severely affecting a person's quality of life.

Currently, inhibition of tumor necrosis factor á (TNFá) is the most effective strategy for controlling the painful symptoms of SpA and slowing vertebral joint destruction. But does anti-TNF therapy do anything to reduce the incidence or severity of ankylosis?

To answer this critical question, a quartet of researchers led by Dr. Frank P. Luyten, Division of Rheumatology, University Hospitals, Leuven, Belgium, tested the effectiveness of etanercept, an established TNF receptor, on animal models of arthritis.

Their findings, highlighted in the February 2007 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism (http://www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/arthritis), cast doubts on the feasibility of preventing joint and spine ankylosis with anti-TNF strategies while shedding light on the process of SpA.

A sample of male mice with spontaneous arthritis were caged together and observed from the age of 10 weeks. From week 12 to week 25, the mice were treated twice weekly with etanercept, in a strength comparable to standard dosage for human patients, or a placebo. Mice were also scored twice weekly for signs of arthritis, including cartilage formation, bone formation, and joint ankylosis. The mice were killed at age 25 weeks, autopsied, and analyzed, through cell population staining, for the presence of TNFá.

In a complementary experiment, another sample of mice was induced with arthritis, using methylated bovine serum albumin. Four days later, these mice were given a single injection of etanercept. Three days later, on day seven, they were killed. Signs of arthritis were assessed and graded for cartilage destruction and bone erosion.

For the mice with induced arthritis, etanercept had a significant impact on disease severity, inhibiting inflammation and cartilage and bone destruction. For the mice with spontaneous arthritis, however, etanercept proved no more effective than placebo at inhibiting new cartilage or bone formation or ankylosis. What's more, TNFá-positive cells were observed in the joint capsule, adjacent blood vessels and in new cartilage.

"Our observations strengthen our hypothesis that new bone formation in SpA is clinically relevant and largely independent of inflammation," Dr. Luyten states. "Long-term results from clinical trials are required to corroborate this hypothesis in patients with SpA," he acknowledges, "and to define whether the process of ankylosis should become a separate therapeutic target."



Source-Eurekalert
RI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
2. Consensus on "Combination Therapy" for Breast Cancer
3. Gene Therapy shows promise in treating Hemophilia
4. "Make AIDS Therapy affordable" - Physicians demand
5. Hormone replacement Therapy a headache
6. Simple Therapy
7. Therapy for stopping the spread of cancer cells
8. Gene Therapy Destroys Pancreatic Cancer Cells
9. Letrozole Beats Tamoxifen in Breast Cancer Therapy
10. Garlic Supplements Impede HIV Therapy
11. Gene Therapy For Cystic Fibrosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents ... the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and ... highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest network of independent freestanding emergency ... its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are pleased to announce Dr. Ogunleye ... M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency Room. , Dr. Ogunleye ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland Department of ... recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness at Work ... Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of 42 businesses ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer from a complex ... as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid this pain and ... a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range of emotions, from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The ... in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support its ... PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... HILL, N.C. , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... healthcare decisions and regulators/payers have placed more emphasis ... new environment, patient support programs in the pharmaceutical ... for patients, medications. Consequently, pharmaceutical companies are focusing ... ensure they are providing products and services that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 Research and ... "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" report ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart Skin, Structural Health Monitoring, ... Structural electronics involves electronic and/or electrical components ... replacing dumb structures such as vehicle bodies or ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... PUNE, India , June 24, 2016 ... "Pen Needles Market by Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety ... 12mm), Therapy (Insulin, GLP-1, Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase ... published by MarketsandMarkets, This report studies the market for ... is expected to reach USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: