Navigation Links
Doctors Call for Opt-out Approach to HIV Testing

In this weeks BMJ, two groups of public health doctors argue for routine opt-out HIV testing in healthcare settings such as general practice surgeries, accident and emergency departments and hospital wards.

In the first article, Professor Harold Jaffe and colleagues say that a third of people in the UK with HIV do not know they have the virus, yet UK guidelines recommend opt-out testing only for pregnant women and people attending genitourinary (GUM) clinics.

They argue that routine opt-out testing would not only give a more accurate picture of how many people have HIV, but would cut infection rates, lessen the stigma surrounding testing and reduce the number of people being diagnosed in the later stages of HIV.

They point to America where guidelines from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention now recommend voluntary opt-out testing as the standard of care for people aged 13-64 years, unless the prevalence of HIV is less than 0.1% of the population.

They say programmes for routine screening have been instituted in emergency departments and urgent care centres at several US hospitals and yielded relatively high rates of previously undiagnosed HIV infection.

About 20,000 UK residents between the ages of 15 and 59 were living with undiagnosed HIV infection in 2005.

Surveys of gay men attending GUM clinics in the same year showed the prevalence of undiagnosed HIV was 3.2%. In women of childbearing age that prevalence was much lower (0.09%), but was highest in women from sub-Saharan Africa (2.4%).

The authors therefore call for surveys to be carried out in areas of known increased HIV prevalence and in facilities that are known to serve people at increased risk of infection. This would provide the necessary data to inform a discussion of expanding opt-out HIV testing.

In view of the clear advantages of early diagnosis of HIV infection for public and individual health, we believe the effectiveness and feasibility of expanded opt-out testing should be seriously assessed, they conclude.

In the second article, researchers look at the situation in France, where the rate of HIV testing is among the highest in Europe, but 40% of people are still not diagnosed until the disease is advanced, either with AIDS or with a low CD4 cell count.

Therefore, of the estimated 7,000 people newly diagnosed with HIV in France in 2004, 3,000 may have advanced disease.

This has a major impact on death rates and the spread of infection, say Cyrille Delpierre and colleagues. Each year, one fifth of HIV infected patients' deaths were patients who had discovered their infection in the year before their deaths.

While the current policy in France successfully targets at risk groups, they say it fails to reach low risk groups, who tend to be older, mainly men, heterosexual, with a partner and children. Low risk groups are the most likely to test late.

They say late testing could play an important role in the spread of the infection. Studies suggest that if someone knows they are infected they are more likely to use preventative measures, such as using a condom.

Late testing could also be associated with greater costs in hospital care and the management of opportunistic infections. Catching these people earlier could, they say, lead to a reduction of 31% a year in the number of new sexually transmitted infections.

They therefore recommend expanding routine voluntary HIV testing to all primary health care settings.

An accompanying editorial argues that a more precise goal for any changes in policy should be to reduce the average time between infection and diagnosis.


Related medicine news :

1. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
2. Doctors needed urgently in Gujarat
3. Doctors operate upon patients in candlelight- latest from the quake scene
4. Doctors at risk- the ugly side of the noble profession
5. Doctors advice early anemia tests
6. Emphasis to ban Drugs ads by Doctors
7. Doctors not to accept gifts from drug companies
8. Gene testing kit specific for Doctors
9. Doctors warned of fluoride toxicity
10. Doctors decisions are affected by fear of lawsuits- says a study
11. Bihar High Court Intervenes To End Doctors Strike
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/26/2016)... ... , ... Quality metrics are proliferating in cancer care, and are derived from ... of the beholder, according to experts who offered insights and commentary in the current ... For the full issue, click here . , For the American Society of ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... Cary, North Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... the release of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of ... harvested for centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... Experts from the American Institutes for ... Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston. , AIR ... care planning, healthcare costs and patient and family engagement. , AIR researchers will ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX users can easily ... of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over 1,300 hand-drawn pictures ... . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media or text in ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has dedicated ... has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The procedure ... doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... ITASCA, Ill. , June 23, 2016  In a startling ... states are failing their residents by lacking a comprehensive, proven plan ... , a definitive ranking of how states are tackling the ... rating to only four states – Kentucky , ... and Vermont . Of the 28 failing states, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Research and Markets ... Issue 52" report to their offering. ... treatment creates a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune to enter. ... base that will serve to drive considerable growth for effective ... serve to cap sales considerably, but development is still in ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a new affiliate with operations headquartered in Bogota. ... ... ... ... Astellas is a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: