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Discovery of World’s smallest laser

At the University of California, chemists have taken snapshots of the world’s smallest laser in action. Peidong Yang, assistant professor of chemistry at the UC Berkeley, reported the creation of an ultraviolet nanowire nonolaser shorter than the width of a human hair an done-hundredth the width.//

These ultraviolet nanolasers have generated great excitement in the opto-electronics community because of their potential applications in miniature optical computer circuitry and communicationsdevices, Yang said.

Yang and his laboratory colleagues have joined with Richard Saykally, professor of chemistry, of UC Berkeley lab to image single zinc oxide nanowires in the act of producing ultraviolet laser radiation. The snapshots were taken with a relatively new type of microscope called a near-field optical scanning microscope.

“Near-field optical microscopy is a very powerful technique, providing a snapshot wiht high spatial resolution and th eoptical signal simultaneously,” Yang said. “It allowed us to characterise the laser and dtermine beam characteristics.” What they found is that the nanowire acts first as a waveguide, channelling ht eultraviolet light back and forth in the cavity, secondarily also as a laser.Once emitted from the end of the laser, however, the light quickly diverges or spreads, in contrast to the highly collimated beam of a typical laser, which spreads little over distances as great as hundreds of miles.

This is not necessarily a disadvantage, Yang said. If a strong, collimated beam is needed, the light from many nanowires could be channeled into an optical waveguide. If a small footprint and tiny power are required, an individual laser could be used.The nanolasers are fabricated by a complicated high temperature process, called vapour-liquid-solid epitaxy, that grows vertical arrays of nanowires on gold-coated sapphire.

In order to image single nanolasers, the wires were broken out of th earrays and
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