Navigation Links
Detention, Uncertainty take their Toll on the Mental Health of Refugees

Refugees residing on temporary protection visas (TPVs) are more likely to suffer severe, persistent and wide-ranging mental health problems than those with permanent protection visas (PPVs) // , specialist trauma psychologists and psychiatrists have revealed.

Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are much more severe for TPV holders than for PPV holders, mental health professionals from the Sydney-based Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors and the University of NSW School of Psychiatry revealed in the latest issue of the Medical Journal of Australia.

In the first study of its kind in Australia, researchers interviewed TPV and PPV holders from similar cultural and language backgrounds who had experienced similar trauma and persecution before seeking refuge.

They found the TPV holders studied had experienced the added stress of being held in immigration detention centres, of having very few of the entitlements of Australian citizens, and of facing an uncertain future.

The cumulative effect meant TPV holders were much more susceptible to mental health problems, said lead author Zachary Steel, a Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry at UNSW.

“TPV holders exceeded PPV holders on all measures of psychiatric disturbance and mental disability,” Mr Steel said.

“(Their) TPV status made a substantial contribution, being by far the greatest predictor of PTSD symptoms.

“Adverse prior detention experiences and current living difficulties associated with TPV status each made substantial and independent contributions to PTSD symptoms.

“Our study provides consistent evidence that the migration trajectory experienced by TPV holders, particularly adversity in detention and ongoing living difficulties, is accompanied by persisting and wide-ranging mental health problems and associated disability.”

All TPV holders had been in immigration detention centres in Australia and reported their experience of detention had caused serious to very serious stress.

More than 90 per cent reported serious stress in detention associated with being interviewed by immigration officers, not receiving adequate medical treatment, exposure to acts of violence and brutality and seeing people attempt suicide.

Significant numbers said stress was also caused by alleged assaults by officers, being handcuffed during transport, being woken during the night for head counts, being forced to use unhygienic toilets and being placed in solitary confinement.

The proportion of TPV holders experiencing living difficulties since release from detention exceeded that of PPV holders for all items assessed. Over 90 per cent of TPV holders experienced anxiety about possible repatriation.

“Since our research was completed, Australia has revised its immigration policies, substantially limiting mandatory detention and allowing for external review of the grounds for detention after two years,” Mr Steel said.

“TPV holders have been allowed to apply for permanent residency under alternative immigration streams.

“Several factors undoubtedly shaped these changes, but concerns about the mental health of detainees proved to be a decisive feature of the debate.

“Nevertheless, the extent to which these reforms address the negative consequences of prolonged detention, insecure residency and harsh visa conditions remains to be demonstrated.

“Health professions must continue to monitor the interplay of policy and mental health outcomes in this and other vulnerable groups.”

Source-Medndia
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Uncertainty Still Hangs Over The Safety Of Dioxin
2. Starvation in pregnant women can cause heart disease to their children
3. Antibiotics losing their power against acne
4. Diabetics and their babies
5. Pregnant smokers could harm their child
6. False beliefs could cost cancer patients their lives
7. Low hemoglobin may make mothers bond less with their babies
8. People suffering from Alzheimer’s: can they take decisions about their treatment
9. Women with borderline ovarian tumors can still preserve their fertility
10. Smokers may differ in their cravings for smoking
11. Pediatricians differ in their opinion of child abuse
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/26/2016)... ... ... PawPaws brand pet supplements owned by Whole Health Supply is ... of felines. The formula is all-natural and is made from Chinese herbs that have ... Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are Astragalus Root Extract and Rehmannia Root Extract ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... fertility once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment ... also require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents ... the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and ... highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Aliso Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... preset to fit their specific project," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film ... all fully customizable and all within Final Cut Pro X . Simply select ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong Southern Californian, Dr. ... his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He trained in ... to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai program where he ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Global Blood Therapeutics, Inc. (GBT) (NASDAQ: ... novel therapeutics for the treatment of grievous blood-based ... closing of its previously announced underwritten public offering ... public offering price of $18.75 per share. All ... by GBT. GBT estimates net proceeds from the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016 ... the addition of the " Global Markets for ... This report focuses on ... updated review, including its applications in various applications. The ... which includes three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 The Academy of ... recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical companies to ... entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, a move ... of new medicines. The recommendations address restrictions ... appear on the drug label, a prohibition that hinders ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: