Navigation Links
Detention, Uncertainty take their Toll on the Mental Health of Refugees

Refugees residing on temporary protection visas (TPVs) are more likely to suffer severe, persistent and wide-ranging mental health problems than those with permanent protection visas (PPVs) // , specialist trauma psychologists and psychiatrists have revealed.

Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are much more severe for TPV holders than for PPV holders, mental health professionals from the Sydney-based Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors and the University of NSW School of Psychiatry revealed in the latest issue of the Medical Journal of Australia.

In the first study of its kind in Australia, researchers interviewed TPV and PPV holders from similar cultural and language backgrounds who had experienced similar trauma and persecution before seeking refuge.

They found the TPV holders studied had experienced the added stress of being held in immigration detention centres, of having very few of the entitlements of Australian citizens, and of facing an uncertain future.

The cumulative effect meant TPV holders were much more susceptible to mental health problems, said lead author Zachary Steel, a Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry at UNSW.

“TPV holders exceeded PPV holders on all measures of psychiatric disturbance and mental disability,” Mr Steel said.

“(Their) TPV status made a substantial contribution, being by far the greatest predictor of PTSD symptoms.

“Adverse prior detention experiences and current living difficulties associated with TPV status each made substantial and independent contributions to PTSD symptoms.

“Our study provides consistent evidence that the migration trajectory experienced by TPV holders, particularly adversity in detention and ongoing living difficulties, is accompanied by persisting and wide-ranging mental health problems and associated disability.”

All TPV holders had been in immigration detention centres in Australia and reported their experience of detention had caused serious to very serious stress.

More than 90 per cent reported serious stress in detention associated with being interviewed by immigration officers, not receiving adequate medical treatment, exposure to acts of violence and brutality and seeing people attempt suicide.

Significant numbers said stress was also caused by alleged assaults by officers, being handcuffed during transport, being woken during the night for head counts, being forced to use unhygienic toilets and being placed in solitary confinement.

The proportion of TPV holders experiencing living difficulties since release from detention exceeded that of PPV holders for all items assessed. Over 90 per cent of TPV holders experienced anxiety about possible repatriation.

“Since our research was completed, Australia has revised its immigration policies, substantially limiting mandatory detention and allowing for external review of the grounds for detention after two years,” Mr Steel said.

“TPV holders have been allowed to apply for permanent residency under alternative immigration streams.

“Several factors undoubtedly shaped these changes, but concerns about the mental health of detainees proved to be a decisive feature of the debate.

“Nevertheless, the extent to which these reforms address the negative consequences of prolonged detention, insecure residency and harsh visa conditions remains to be demonstrated.

“Health professions must continue to monitor the interplay of policy and mental health outcomes in this and other vulnerable groups.”

Source-Medndia
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Uncertainty Still Hangs Over The Safety Of Dioxin
2. Starvation in pregnant women can cause heart disease to their children
3. Antibiotics losing their power against acne
4. Diabetics and their babies
5. Pregnant smokers could harm their child
6. False beliefs could cost cancer patients their lives
7. Low hemoglobin may make mothers bond less with their babies
8. People suffering from Alzheimer’s: can they take decisions about their treatment
9. Women with borderline ovarian tumors can still preserve their fertility
10. Smokers may differ in their cravings for smoking
11. Pediatricians differ in their opinion of child abuse
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... 82% of adults are unaware of the dangers that ... brush their teeth the minimum two times a day that dentists recommend. The ramifications of ... million hours of school and adults missing 164 million hours of work each year due ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... Accreditation from the NCQA. The accreditation covers StayWell’s asthma, coronary artery disease, congestive ... is granted to organizations that have excellent programs for the delivery and improvement ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Michael Lanteri Agency, an insurance and ... area, has unveiled a collaboration with nonprofit Big Bones Canine Rescue as the ... cause may now be made at http://bigbonescaninerescue.com/ . , Big Bones Canine ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ?This conference will prominently feature 150+ Hospital and Health System ... AMN Healthcare: Susan Salka , 43rd President of the United States of America: ... My Life In and Out of the Ring: Sugar Ray Leonard , JD, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Natural Subsistence, a company known ... health and nutrition, announced its product Leyzene is now available for purchase on ... supplements that help people improve all aspects of their health so they can ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... SAO PAULO , March 23, 2017 ... accordance with article 157, paragraph 4 of Law 6,404/76 ... Commission (CVM), hereby informs its shareholders and the market ... jointly with its subsidiary Centro de Diagnosticos por Imagem ... acquisition of 100% interest in RADIOLOGISTAS ASSOCIADOS LTDA. (" ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Ascendis Pharma ... innovative TransCon technology to address significant unmet medical needs ... host a conference call and webcast on Monday, April ... Endocrine Society in Orlando, Florida , ... pipeline candidates (TransCon Growth Hormone, TransCon PTH and TransCon ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - INVICTUS MD STRATEGIES ... FRA: 8IS) Invictus MD announces that AB Laboratories Inc. ... its licensed production facility under the Access to Cannabis ... Hamilton, Ontario . The facility, ... October 2016, is currently operating at half capacity, with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: