Navigation Links
Detention, Uncertainty take their Toll on the Mental Health of Refugees

Refugees residing on temporary protection visas (TPVs) are more likely to suffer severe, persistent and wide-ranging mental health problems than those with permanent protection visas (PPVs) // , specialist trauma psychologists and psychiatrists have revealed.

Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are much more severe for TPV holders than for PPV holders, mental health professionals from the Sydney-based Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors and the University of NSW School of Psychiatry revealed in the latest issue of the Medical Journal of Australia.

In the first study of its kind in Australia, researchers interviewed TPV and PPV holders from similar cultural and language backgrounds who had experienced similar trauma and persecution before seeking refuge.

They found the TPV holders studied had experienced the added stress of being held in immigration detention centres, of having very few of the entitlements of Australian citizens, and of facing an uncertain future.

The cumulative effect meant TPV holders were much more susceptible to mental health problems, said lead author Zachary Steel, a Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry at UNSW.

“TPV holders exceeded PPV holders on all measures of psychiatric disturbance and mental disability,” Mr Steel said.

“(Their) TPV status made a substantial contribution, being by far the greatest predictor of PTSD symptoms.

“Adverse prior detention experiences and current living difficulties associated with TPV status each made substantial and independent contributions to PTSD symptoms.

“Our study provides consistent evidence that the migration trajectory experienced by TPV holders, particularly adversity in detention and ongoing living difficulties, is accompanied by persisting and wide-ranging mental health problems and associated disability.”

All TPV holders had been in immigration detention centres in Australia and reported their experience of detention had caused serious to very serious stress.

More than 90 per cent reported serious stress in detention associated with being interviewed by immigration officers, not receiving adequate medical treatment, exposure to acts of violence and brutality and seeing people attempt suicide.

Significant numbers said stress was also caused by alleged assaults by officers, being handcuffed during transport, being woken during the night for head counts, being forced to use unhygienic toilets and being placed in solitary confinement.

The proportion of TPV holders experiencing living difficulties since release from detention exceeded that of PPV holders for all items assessed. Over 90 per cent of TPV holders experienced anxiety about possible repatriation.

“Since our research was completed, Australia has revised its immigration policies, substantially limiting mandatory detention and allowing for external review of the grounds for detention after two years,” Mr Steel said.

“TPV holders have been allowed to apply for permanent residency under alternative immigration streams.

“Several factors undoubtedly shaped these changes, but concerns about the mental health of detainees proved to be a decisive feature of the debate.

“Nevertheless, the extent to which these reforms address the negative consequences of prolonged detention, insecure residency and harsh visa conditions remains to be demonstrated.

“Health professions must continue to monitor the interplay of policy and mental health outcomes in this and other vulnerable groups.”

Source-Medndia
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Uncertainty Still Hangs Over The Safety Of Dioxin
2. Starvation in pregnant women can cause heart disease to their children
3. Antibiotics losing their power against acne
4. Diabetics and their babies
5. Pregnant smokers could harm their child
6. False beliefs could cost cancer patients their lives
7. Low hemoglobin may make mothers bond less with their babies
8. People suffering from Alzheimer’s: can they take decisions about their treatment
9. Women with borderline ovarian tumors can still preserve their fertility
10. Smokers may differ in their cravings for smoking
11. Pediatricians differ in their opinion of child abuse
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle ... chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of ... Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida ... their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers ... as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for ... $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same ... wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... is proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon ... beautiful women in the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment ... a life sciences executive with extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of ... position, Ms. Hill will be responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- In a startling report released today, National Safety Council ... comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. Prescription ... are tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. history, assigned ... Kentucky , New Mexico , ... 28 failing states, three – Michigan , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... DUBLIN , June 23, 2016 ... "Global MEMS Devices Medical Market Analysis 2016 - Forecast to ... The report contains up to date financial ... reliable analysis. Assessment of major trends with potential impact on ... dive analysis of market segmentation which comprises of sub markets, ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... report to their offering. ... a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune to enter. The US ... will serve to drive considerable growth for effective anti-influenza medications. ... cap sales considerably, but development is still in its infancy. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: