Navigation Links
Despite Control Efforts HBV Found to Transmit After Dental Surgery

Researchers in the United States have identified the first patient-to-patient transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) as a result of dental surgery, despite standard infection// control procedures having been followed.

The case report has been published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases and the authors of both the paper and an accompanying editorial say the case reinforces the case for universal HBV childhood vaccination - carried out in the US since 1991.

The United Kingdom is one of the few developed countries that has not started vaccinating all children against HBV - although a government advisory group is currently reviewing the current policy of restricting vaccination to high risk groups only.

The US case involves a 60 year-old woman in New Mexico who went to her dentist for routine tooth extraction in October 2001. In February the following year she developed symptoms of acute HBV infection.

The woman was not sexually active, did not use intravenous drugs and had no known contacts with HBV-infected people. No problems with the surgery’s infection control measures could be found. The dentist and all the staff tested negative for HBV.

This prompted the state health department to start an exhaustive investigation of the case.

Eventually the newly infected woman’s virus was found to be identical to that of a 36 year-old woman who was infected in 1999 and had visited the same dentist on the same day to have three teeth extracted two and a half hours previously.

The researchers also tested 25 patients who had surgery at the dentist in the week after the 36 year-old HBV-infected woman. No other cases were found – possibly because 64% of them had been vaccinated against HBV.

The epidemiologists conclude that the transmission happened in the dental surgery, and that such cases seem to be rare (Redd 2007). The case reinforces the argument for universal HBV vaccin ation in the US and meticulous maintenance of infection control for all patients in dental settings, they conclude.

But in the accompanying editorial two infectious diseases specialists question whether such transmission can really be said to be rare (Allos and Schaffner).

They say: "We suggest the current burden of healthcare acquired [HBV] is largely unknown because only modest efforts have been made to identify such cases and quantity the risk."

They stress the huge efforts made by the New Mexico State Department of Health to identify that the route of transmission was unusual and say: "If no traditional risk factors are found the investigation usually stops."

The UK government’s Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation is currently reviewing the evidence for vaccinating all children against HBV.

But the most recent minutes - from a meeting in October last year - suggest the committee might recommend vaccinating only children of families in which one or both parents come from countries where HBV is common (JCVI 2006).

Source-Generef.com
SR/V
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Most Smokers Continue To Smoke Despite Developing Cancer
2. Turkey Is Listed In The Christmas Meal Despite Bird Flu Scare
3. Being Active In Winter Despite That Inner Urge
4. Bail Granted To The Doctor Despite Her Patients Death
5. Despite More Studies Researchers Are Still Confound With ADHD
6. Nursing Home Residents Receive Appropriate Emergency Care Despite Poor Funds
7. Despite Collapse Of The Medicos Strike To Continue Unabated
8. Quality Of NHS Hospitals Getting Dirtier Despite Promises
9. Despite Ban, Asbestos Produce Goes Unhindered
10. US Senate Approves Embryo-research Plan Despite Presidents Refusal
11. Students Light Up Despite School Anti-Smoking Programs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Nationally recognized personal injury law firm Monge & ... giving free roses to anyone who wants one for their Mother or any other mother ... important valuable contributions of Mothers.” Monge goes on to say, “we are choosing to ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... United Benefit Advisors (UBA), ... as the latest addition to its elite stable of Partner Firms. Benefits Alliance ... David Styles, and Paul Vincent. The Firm is also led by industry and ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... Dr. ... promotions on cosmetic dental treatments to both new and existing patients. Cosmetic dentistry allows ... option for patients who have healthy smiles with some minor or more serious cosmetic ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... remote access connectivity solutions, today announced the new SecureAccess feature for its ... new Celestix SecureAccess release will enable organizations to get the DirectAccess user ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 03, 2016 , ... The new web-based solution HIPAA ... practices, to better grasp and implement HIPAA’s privacy, security, and data breach requirements. ... well-defined, expert-created path to compliance. HIPAA Institute has positioned itself to be an ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Kalorama Information noted the 5 ... market in a recent white paper.  The healthcare market ... usage, a growing market are among the top drivers ... report EMR 2016: The Market for Electronic ... complete study of the EMR industry, and the report ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... LAWRENCEVILLE, N.J. , May 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... drug development company, today announced data from the ... dose escalating clinical trial (the OVATION Study) combining ... of care for the treatment of newly-diagnosed patients ... chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery.  In the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ISELIN, New Jersey , April 29, 2016 ... Omnichannel Software Suite for Life Sciences, Product Development ... and Global Life Science Customer Base . ... healthcare solutions provider, today announced the acquisition of ... is a global leader in adaptive sales enablement ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: