Navigation Links
Conditioning preferences in children

Preferences influence all aspects of human behaviour; they impact upon the foods we eat, the products we buy, the stimuli we approach or avoid and the people with whom we spend time // . Evaluation of stimulus valence is so fundamental that it has been proposed that the brain uses it as a basic category for organizing information and activating approach or avoidance behaviors. Stimulus evaluation is also thought to be immediate, unintentional and linked to behavioral responses.

Andy P. Field, in an article to be published in Behaviour Research and Therapy, writes that childhood is undoubtedly a prime period for developing preferences (if only because as age increases the proportion of novel stimuli in the environment decreases) and the importance of studying developmental aspects of attitude formation has been alluded before. Although little is known about how preferences develop in childhood, work in adults suggests that evaluative responses to stimuli can be acquired through classical conditioning.

In the study, available online since May 2005, two experiments were conducted with the purpose to develop a paradigm to test unequivocally whether stimulus evaluations can be conditioned in children. In the two experiments children were exposed to novel cartoon characters, that were either consistently paired with a picture of a disliked food (Brussels sprouts) or a liked food (ice cream). In the first experiment, relative preferences for these stimuli (and others) were measured before and after these paired presentations: preferences for the cartoon character paired with Brussels sprouts decreased, whereas preferences for the character paired with ice cream increased. These preferences persisted after 10 un-reinforced trials. The second experiment replicated this finding using affective priming as an index of preference for the cartoon characters.

These findings demonstrate that preferences to novel stimuli can be conditioned in child ren and result from associations formed between the stimulus and a stimulus possessing positive or negative valence.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Starvation in pregnant women can cause heart disease to their children
2. Fireworks can spell death for asthmatic children
3. Cut down TV and video games and you have less aggressive children.
4. Half of worlds children are passive smokers - damning disclosure from WHO
5. Antibiotic induces liver damage in children with E.COLI infections.
6. Analgesic abuse - cause for chronic headache in children
7. Cats to protect children from asthma
8. Maternal alcohol consumption linked to behavioral problems in children
9. Overweight children Dont Necessarily Become overweight adults
10. Higher Risk of Asthma in children with autoimmune disease
11. Thumb Sucking in children Lead to Overbite
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2017)... Massachsetts (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... will gather at Boston CEO 2017 on May 30th and 31st at The ... networking forum for leading executives in the life sciences, offering exclusive access to ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A new analysis of community health data reveals ... located in the Midwest. With the average cost of healthcare rising and the U.S. ... both the quality and affordability of where they live. An annual 2017 report looked ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... After raising ... Antzy Top gadget will continue to be available at a discounted crowdfunding price on ... with stress wherever they are, I also wanted to bring a fidget toy to ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 26, 2017 , ... Dr. Alex Rabinovich, a highly-skilled oral surgeon specializing in ... post on insurance options. If a Bay Area patient has to search for a ... money. Visiting an in-network provider for a second opinion can ensure a patient receives ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Happened in the Garden of Eden”: retells the stories of three Bible figures in modern ... author, Penelope Colt, mother, trader, horse farmer, artist and a former GM journeyman. Born ... At six, they moved to Dayton, Ohio, where Penny graduated high school. At sixteen, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/6/2017)... N.Y. , May 5, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, ... will add approximately 100,000 square feet to its Welch ... September 2016 its commitment to bring more than 100 ... , where Welch Allyn has maintained a significant presence ... help accommodate these new positions, a large portion of ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... CAESAREA, Israel , May 4, 2017  DarioHealth ... with mobile health and big data solutions, today announced ... an A&D Company, and STI Technologies Limited to lower ... effective immediately. Through STI,s innoviCares card, which is available ... , DarioHealth customers will be eligible for additional ...
(Date:5/3/2017)... 3, 2017  Getinge, a leading global provider ... enhancement and cost efficiency within healthcare and life ... contemporary practice demonstrating that intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) ... ill patients. The single-center, retrospective, observational study showed ... MEGA ® 50cc intra-aortic balloon (IAB) in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: