Navigation Links
Conditioning preferences in children

Preferences influence all aspects of human behaviour; they impact upon the foods we eat, the products we buy, the stimuli we approach or avoid and the people with whom we spend time // . Evaluation of stimulus valence is so fundamental that it has been proposed that the brain uses it as a basic category for organizing information and activating approach or avoidance behaviors. Stimulus evaluation is also thought to be immediate, unintentional and linked to behavioral responses.

Andy P. Field, in an article to be published in Behaviour Research and Therapy, writes that childhood is undoubtedly a prime period for developing preferences (if only because as age increases the proportion of novel stimuli in the environment decreases) and the importance of studying developmental aspects of attitude formation has been alluded before. Although little is known about how preferences develop in childhood, work in adults suggests that evaluative responses to stimuli can be acquired through classical conditioning.

In the study, available online since May 2005, two experiments were conducted with the purpose to develop a paradigm to test unequivocally whether stimulus evaluations can be conditioned in children. In the two experiments children were exposed to novel cartoon characters, that were either consistently paired with a picture of a disliked food (Brussels sprouts) or a liked food (ice cream). In the first experiment, relative preferences for these stimuli (and others) were measured before and after these paired presentations: preferences for the cartoon character paired with Brussels sprouts decreased, whereas preferences for the character paired with ice cream increased. These preferences persisted after 10 un-reinforced trials. The second experiment replicated this finding using affective priming as an index of preference for the cartoon characters.

These findings demonstrate that preferences to novel stimuli can be conditioned in child ren and result from associations formed between the stimulus and a stimulus possessing positive or negative valence.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Starvation in pregnant women can cause heart disease to their children
2. Fireworks can spell death for asthmatic children
3. Cut down TV and video games and you have less aggressive children.
4. Half of worlds children are passive smokers - damning disclosure from WHO
5. Antibiotic induces liver damage in children with E.COLI infections.
6. Analgesic abuse - cause for chronic headache in children
7. Cats to protect children from asthma
8. Maternal alcohol consumption linked to behavioral problems in children
9. Overweight children Dont Necessarily Become overweight adults
10. Higher Risk of Asthma in children with autoimmune disease
11. Thumb Sucking in children Lead to Overbite
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/10/2016)... NASHVILLE, Tenn. (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 ... ... by the American Academy of Emergency Medicine , an emergency medicine ... of practice management services . , The American Academy of Emergency Medicine, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... The Wickman Agency in ... assist the local community. Pledging to select a new beneficiary every 60 days, ... area. Their goal is to bring community awareness to important local causes by ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... 10 ... Brand. There were three leading bottled water brand owners that topped the list as ... enhance connectivity and optimize conversion. The premier brand was Tibet 5100, a top notch ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... , ... Dr. Jessica Barron, of Barron Family Dental in Thornton, Colorado ... families in the North Metro Denver area. The new dental practice focuses on comfort ... all in the most relaxing environment. , While some dental visits can create anxiety ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... bring together more than 200 of the country’s top healthcare executives to share ... “The true benefit of the Forum is the provider-centric perspective, experience, expertise and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... -- Resolve Therapeutics, LLC, a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company ... of lupus and Sjogrens syndrome, today announced the ... in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with ... --> Data from a multicenter ... RSLV-132 in 32 subjects with SLE demonstrate the ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... HILLS, Calif. , Feb. 10, 2016  Rich ... "Company") today announced a 1-for-100 reverse split of its ... the opening of trading on Thursday, February 11, 2016. ... basis under new CUSIP number 76303T308 and temporary ticker ... will commence trading under the ticker symbol (RCHA).  ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... MEMPHIS, Tenn. , Feb. 10, 2016 ... School of Nursing received an in-kind ... of a VeinViewer® Vision vein finder ... donation will help students as they learn ... blood, combining technology with traditional technique. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: