Navigation Links
Concerns About Working Overtime May Be Misplaced

Although working very long hours is linked to an increased risk of certain types of health and safety problems for particular groups// of industrial employees, other factors—such as previous health problems—have a much stronger effect on overall health, safety, and productivity, suggests a study in the February Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM).

"Our results challenge the assumption that each hour of work above 40 hours steadily increases health and safety risks and reduces productivity. In fact, no adverse effects were found until the 60-hour per week mark. Even then, the effects were limited to an increased risk of workers compensation episodes for hourly female employees with a history of workers comp episodes and to an increased risk of new musculoskeletal diagnoses for older workers." comments Harris M. Allen, Jr., Ph.D., lead author of the new report. "Our results also raise the possibility that policies like the European Union's Working Time Directive—with across-the-board restrictions that severely obstruct the capacity to work longer hours—may themselves be too blunt and onerous in today’s increasingly competitive marketplace."

Using a database of information on a sample of nearly 2,800 workers representing a heavy manufacturer, Dr. Allen and colleagues analyzed the effects of work hours on a broad range of health, safety, and productivity outcomes. At the time of the study, the company had a policy of strongly encouraging but not mandating overtime, resulting in an employee average of over 43 work hours per week.

While employees in the above subgroups working 60 or more hours posted a higher rate of injuries and other health problems, those with other job and demographic characteristics working 60 or more hours per week did not show this added risk. Nor did employees working more “moderate” overtime (48-59 ho urs) face more risk, regardless of their job and demographic characteristics.

Moreover, working overtime did not increase the risk of physical or mental health problems. Overtime was also unrelated to "presenteeism"—days the employee was at work but performing at less than full capacity. Indeed, the larger picture showed that the number of work hours mattered much less in accounting for employee outcomes than factors whose origins preceded the number of hours worked: compensation type, demographics, and particularly prior diseases and health status.

Previous studies have suggested that long work hours directly affect the risk of health and safety problems—the more hours worked per week above 40, the greater the risk. In the European Union, a policy called the Working Time Directive limits average work hours to no more than 48 per week. Such policies may pose a challenge for private sector employers—especially those whose operations are structured in ways that are maximized when employees work overtime.

"Although work hours are a factor, they should be considered alongside previous health and other factors that comprise the larger context within which employee health, productivity and safety outcomes are determined," William B. Bunn III, MD, co-author, comments. "On both the research and policy fronts, more emphasis needs to be focused on prior health and other antecedents to the number of hours worked that better predict employee safety, lost productivity and future health."


Related medicine news :

1. Reports Of New Bird Flu Outbreak In China Raise Concerns
2. Concerns About Popular Anti-Ulcer Pill Used For Inducing Labor
3. Advertisements to Assuage Bird Flu Concerns
4. Fertility Treatment And Its Concerns
5. Childhood Obesity Cause For Increasing Concerns
6. Concerns That Heel-Prick Consent May Decrease Testing In Babies
7. Precautionary Recall of Beef over E.coli Contamination Concerns
8. Childhood Obesity Among Quebec Communities Raises Concerns
9. Breast Cancer Survivors Worry About Infertility
10. Breast Cancer Survivors Worry About Infertility
11. Improving Lighting Could Bring About A Change In Alzheimers Patients
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Serenity Point Rehabilitation, a holistic treatment center for substance abuse located in ... staff members at their recovery center. The videos highlight some of the various aspects ... things that make their recovery program so unique. , “Making the decision to seek ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... Cold Shoulder , LLC launched their Pro Vest, the latest ... hit their goal of $20,000 in under 10 hours. , The campaign, ... PRO Weight Loss Vest to the market. , The PRO Vest provides consumers with a ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Dr. Rodney E. Willey , has answered a new calling – to relieve snoring ... treatment for snoring and sleep apnea through oral appliance therapy. He is ... in the US, one of four in the Illinois area. , Dr. Willey’s ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Bibliomotion is thrilled to announce the launch of UNCONVENTIONAL ... Nancy M. Schlichting, Chief Executive Officer of Henry Ford Health System (November ... of patients and their families, shaped my desire to improve the system of care. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... products, announces Innovative Blending, a household invention that revolutionizes the vending machine industry ... Smoothie Bars market is worth $2 billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... DELHI , November 25, 2015 ... invoked due to repeated failure of IVF cycles. After ... Bhatia was totally dejected and had lost all hopes that she would be ... first Indian miracle child conceived after failure of over ... to abroad (UK) before they decided to take one last attempt ...
(Date:11/24/2015)...  In the pharmaceutical industry, companies want to rapidly ... uncover new insights, tactics and strategies that will improve ... --> However, organizations often find it is difficult ... that all rules and regulations are met to ensure ... to efficiently launching market research projects is the conflicting ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , November 24, 2015 --> ... report "Spine Biologics Market by Product Type (Bone Graft, Bine ... Discectomy and Fusion, Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion), End User, and ... global market was valued at $1.90 Billion in 2014 and ... CAGR of 4.4% during the forecast period of 2015 to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: