s transfer rate of 60 percent (18 of 30 touches) than those contaminated for 18 hours, which yielded a transfer rate of 33 percent (10 of 30 touches), (p =0.07).
Although transmission of rhinovirus infection by way of surfaces may not be efficient, it may be important because virus remains available for transfer to fingertip for at least one day. There are no antiviral drugs available to cure the common cold. Therefore prevention is important. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) advise health educators and consumers about how to prevent infectious diseases through their Ounce of Prevention campaign. Among the low-cost steps to stop infectious diseases, the CDC recommends cleaning hands often and routinely cleaning and disinfecting surfaces. People should regularly wash their hands after shaking hands with anyone with a cold or touching environmental objects likely contaminated with nasal secretions. Commonly touched surfaces, such as those identified in this work, should be disinfected routinely with a disinfectant, such as Lysol(R) Disinfectant Spray.
Rhinoviruses are responsible for about half of all common colds in both adults and children, tallying approximately 500 million colds annually in the United States. The average child can expect to have four to eight rhinovirus colds per year and adults three to five infections.
Annually, common colds overall cause about 20 million lost workdays in adults and 21 million lost school days in children in the United States, the National Center for Health Statistics estimates. The total economic impact in the United States of the common cold, in direct and indirect costs, approaches $40 billion annually. Also, the common cold frequently is a major contributor to the development of such illnesses as otitis media (ear infections), sinusitis (sinus infections) and can make both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease worse.
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