Navigation Links
Common Antidepressants Linked to Increased Bone Loss in Older Adults

Two studies have found that a class of commonly prescribed antidepressants may be linked to an increased rate of bone loss in older men and women .

The antidepressant medications known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) treat depression by inhibiting the protein that transports serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in sleep and depression, according to background information in the articles, and which has recently been discovered in bone as well.

The findings raise the possibility that SSRIs, which are often prescribed to the elderly, may affect bone density and the risk of fracture.

The first study was conducted by a team of researchers from the University of Minnesota led by Dr Susan J Diem.

The researches studied 2,722 older women, with an average age 78.5 years, beginning in 1997 through 1999. At that time and again an average of 4.9 years later, researchers measured women's total hip bone density and also that of two subregions.

At each visit, the participants were asked to bring in all the medications they had used within the past two weeks, including SSRIs and tricyclic antidepressants, which work through a different mechanism.

A total of 198 (7.3 percent) of the women were SSRI users, 118 (4.3 percent) took tricyclic antidepressants and 2,406 (88.4 percent) took neither (those who took both were not included in the analysis).

After adjusting for other factors affecting bone density and antidepressant use, including depression severity and calcium supplement use, bone mineral density at the hip decreased 0.82 percent in SSRI users.

This compared with a decrease of 0.47 percent among those who used tricyclic antidepressants and also in those who did not take any antidepressants. Higher rates of bone loss were also observed at the two hip subregions among SSRI users.

"One potential explanation for our findings is that SS RI use may have a direct deleterious effect on bone. This theory is supported by findings of in vitro and in vivo laboratory investigations," they write.

"Our findings suggest that, in this cohort, use of SSRIs is associated with increased rates of hip bone loss. Further investigation of SSRI use and rates of change in bone mineral density in other populations with longer follow-up is warranted given the recent description of serotonin transporters in bone," the authors conclude.

The second study, 5,995 men age 65 and older (average age 73.7), was conducted by researchers led by Dr Elizabeth M. Haney, of Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland.

The men's bone density at the hip, including subregions, and at the base of the spine were measured between 2000 and 2002. Participants were asked to bring all medications to their clinic visit, where they were also given a physical examination and asked about other health and lifestyle factors.

A total of 160 (2.7 percent) men reported using SSRIs, 99 (1.7 percent) reported using tricyclic antidepressants and 52 (0.9 percent) reported using trazodone, a third type of antidepressant. Total hip bone mineral density was 3.9 percent lower among SSRI users than among men who didn't use any antidepressants. Similarly, spine bone mineral density was 5.9 percent lower among SSRI users than among non-users.

There was no significant difference in either hip or spine density between men who took tricyclic antidepressants or trazodone and those who did not take antidepressants.

"These associations are biologically plausible and clinically important. Because SSRI use is prevalent in the general population, our findings have a potentially important public health impact. If confirmed, people using SSRIs might be targeted for osteoporosis screening and preventive intervention," the authors write.

The two studies appear in the June 25 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Common contraception
2. Common Cold Remedy May Treat SARS
3. Common Plant Triggers Asthma
4. Pain Common in People with MS
5. Common Cold Found to Fight Cancer
6. Bullying – a Common Problem Among Childre
7. Common Medication Errors in Children
8. A Common Cause Of Allergy That Goes Unnoticed
9. Genetic Breakthrough in Common Eye Problem
10. Common Cold Found to Fight Cancer Cells
11. Side Effects Of Some Common Drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/24/2017)... Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... Final Cut Pro X . Users have total control over position, rotation, distortion, ... and more all within Final Cut Pro X. , With ProGlass Prism users are ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business ... in radiology marketing programs at the annual Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs ... Worth Hotel in Fort Worth, Texas. Nine awards are given out in five categories. ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... On February 22, 2017 ... letter to withdraw previous guidance issued by the Obama Administration requiring schools ... in May 2016 by the Obama Administration came in response to a growing ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... Los Angeles-based weight ... of WE TV’s “Mama June: From Not to Hot,” which will begin airing on ... June Shannon, known to millions from the 2012 reality television series, “Here Comes Honey ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... Dr. David Mahon ... Henderson, NV 89052. Dr. Mahon was named a 2017 Top Patient Rated Henderson ... is an online directory that recognizes local physicians and dentists who have earned high ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017 Report analyzes the worldwide markets for Endodontic ... for the US, Canada , ... Asia-Pacific , Latin America , and ... the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis ... derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... Pharma To Market Pty Ltd and Ador Consulting Pte Ltd announce ... of Pharma To Market Pte Ltd, based in Singapore ... their expansion into Asia with the opening ... are delighted to appoint Joelle Chia , former owner of ... based entity. Joelle brings with her an extensive business network throughout ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 2017  The particle counters market is projected ... USD 275.9 million in 2016, at a CAGR ... http://www.reportlinker.com/p04718602-summary/view-report.html The growing pharmaceutical ... and growth in manufacturing industries in emerging nations ... particle counters. On the other hand, technical limitations ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: