Navigation Links
Children With Asthma Most Affected by Rhinovirus

New study finds evidence to support the link between the common cold and respiratory infections such as pneumonia and acute bronchitis//. The study also shows that the link between rhinoviruses and hospitalizations is especially strong when children have a history of wheezing or asthma.

Rhinoviruses are among the most common viral infections, and are responsible for at least 50 percent of all common colds. Although the association between rhinoviruses and other acute respiratory illnesses in children is increasingly accepted and has been shown in previous reports, the new study is the first to determine age-specific rates of hospitalization across the entire population of two counties.

The study, conducted by E. Kathryn Miller, MD, MPH, and colleagues at Vanderbilt University, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the University of Rochester, surveyed children under the age of 5 years admitted with fever and respiratory symptoms in Davidson County, Tenn. (which includes Nashville) and Monroe County, N.Y. (which includes Rochester) over a one-year period.

Their results showed that of the 592 children involved in the study, 26 percent tested positive for rhinovirus, representing almost 5 rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations per 1000 children. The study detected more rhinoviruses (26 percent) than respiratory syncytial viruses (20 percent), which have been considered the major cause of respiratory infections in infants and children.

These findings are particularly important given the age-specific rates of hospitalization observed. Among children 0-5 months, there were 17.6 hospitalizations per thousand; among those age 6-23 months, 6.0 per thousand; and among those 24-59 months, 2.0 hospitalizations per thousand. Miller remarked, "This study shows that rhinoviruses are associated with hospitalizations for fever and respiratory illnesses, even in young infants."

Children with a history of wheezi ng or asthma had more than eight times as many rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations than those without such a history. Asthma was the only significant factor that distinguished children hospitalized with rhinoviruses from those with other viruses or no viruses. Of those hospitalized with a history of asthma or wheezing, rhinoviruses were found in 36 percent of children aged 0-2 years and in 48 percent of children aged 2-5 years. According to Miller, the finding that asthma was the only risk factor significantly associated with rhinovirus hospitalizations should indicate that "patients with asthma might be particularly good candidates for prevention and treatment strategies for rhinovirus infection."

As a next step to their study, Miller suggested, "additional studies over multiple years in multiple geographic regions are needed to more completely understand the role of rhinoviruses in hospitalizations in children. As discussed in our study, rhinoviruses are sometimes found in healthy children; thus, further studies are required to determine the actual rate of ‘carriage’ in healthy children as opposed to those who are sick or have had recent symptoms of illness. There should also be further investigation into the question, ‘Why are children with asthma disproportionately burdened by the "common cold" virus?’"

In an accompanying editorial, Ronald B. Turner, MD of the University of Virginia School of Medicine, noted the value of studies on rhinoviruses because of their frequency and huge cost to society. Turner echoed Miller’s sentiment, remarking that the study should stimulate future research into the medical implications of rhinoviruses.

Fast Facts

* Rhinoviruses cause at least half of all common colds.
* The study found 26 percent of the hospitalized children had rhinovirus infections—more than were infected with a virus previously thought to be the main cause of serious respiratory illness.
* Children with a history of wheezing or asthma had more than eight times as many rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations than those without.

Source-EurekalertPRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Antibiotics Dangerous for Diarrhoea in Children Caused by E.Coli
2. Inhaled Steroids Safe & Effective for Children with Asthma
3. General Anesthesia Safe For Children On Ketogenic Diet Suffering From Epilepsy
4. Children suffer the most when parents divorce
5. Childrens snoring may indicate a serious problem
6. Children exposed to smoke show decreased levels of Vitamin C
7. Children! Protecting them from medical mistakes
8. Children who used anaesthesia drugs could suffer brain damage
9. Children’s Cholesterol Matter
10. Race Affects Sleep in Children
11. Vaccine Reduces antibiotic-resistant infections in Children
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/30/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... Create an abstract shape animation ... and manipulate three-dimensional shapes with ease all within Apple Motion . Users ... polygon texture animation, opacity texture animation, overall shape texture displacement, twist, camera controls, ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... Austin, Texas (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 ... ... time to celebrate the profession and recognize veterinarians’ global impact on public health. ... choose a theme each year, and this year have selected continuing education with ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... Santa Rosa, CA (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 , ... “Aging well is a challenge for all of us, ... says NCMA’s Dr. Parul T. Kohli . “Research is showing more and more that ... the risk of disease and disability as we age.” Top priorities Dr. Kohli’s recommends for her ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Mercy College is expanding its Graduate Business Programs to the ... due to high demand: Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Organizational Leadership (MSOL) ... , School of Business Graduate Program Chair Dr. Ray Manganelli said: “We believe that ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Memorial Healthcare System Graduate ... Education (ACGME) that it has received accreditation for its residency program on Physical ... programs that Memorial is currently pursuing, including Pediatrics and Internal Medicine. This accreditation ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... April 27, 2016 The ... USD 2.06 billion by 2022, according to a ... consumer awareness towards a healthy lifestyle is expected ... years.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150105/723757 ... with rising health treatment expenditure has urged consumers ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... Mich. , April 26, 2016 Diplomat ... promotion of Jennifer Hagerman , Pharm D., to ... her growing role at Diplomat, Hagerman will continue to ... the company that delivers custom education and training to ... the specialty pharmacy industry. Diplomat University also houses the ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... , April 26, 2016 US demand ... to expand 4.9 percent annually to $27.6 billion ... healthcare facilities to decrease rates of healthcare-associated infections ... supplies, equipment, and services.  Although declining, the overall ... above targeted levels set by the CDC.  Recent ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: