Navigation Links
Children With Asthma Most Affected by Rhinovirus

New study finds evidence to support the link between the common cold and respiratory infections such as pneumonia and acute bronchitis//. The study also shows that the link between rhinoviruses and hospitalizations is especially strong when children have a history of wheezing or asthma.

Rhinoviruses are among the most common viral infections, and are responsible for at least 50 percent of all common colds. Although the association between rhinoviruses and other acute respiratory illnesses in children is increasingly accepted and has been shown in previous reports, the new study is the first to determine age-specific rates of hospitalization across the entire population of two counties.

The study, conducted by E. Kathryn Miller, MD, MPH, and colleagues at Vanderbilt University, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the University of Rochester, surveyed children under the age of 5 years admitted with fever and respiratory symptoms in Davidson County, Tenn. (which includes Nashville) and Monroe County, N.Y. (which includes Rochester) over a one-year period.

Their results showed that of the 592 children involved in the study, 26 percent tested positive for rhinovirus, representing almost 5 rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations per 1000 children. The study detected more rhinoviruses (26 percent) than respiratory syncytial viruses (20 percent), which have been considered the major cause of respiratory infections in infants and children.

These findings are particularly important given the age-specific rates of hospitalization observed. Among children 0-5 months, there were 17.6 hospitalizations per thousand; among those age 6-23 months, 6.0 per thousand; and among those 24-59 months, 2.0 hospitalizations per thousand. Miller remarked, "This study shows that rhinoviruses are associated with hospitalizations for fever and respiratory illnesses, even in young infants."

Children with a history of wheezi ng or asthma had more than eight times as many rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations than those without such a history. Asthma was the only significant factor that distinguished children hospitalized with rhinoviruses from those with other viruses or no viruses. Of those hospitalized with a history of asthma or wheezing, rhinoviruses were found in 36 percent of children aged 0-2 years and in 48 percent of children aged 2-5 years. According to Miller, the finding that asthma was the only risk factor significantly associated with rhinovirus hospitalizations should indicate that "patients with asthma might be particularly good candidates for prevention and treatment strategies for rhinovirus infection."

As a next step to their study, Miller suggested, "additional studies over multiple years in multiple geographic regions are needed to more completely understand the role of rhinoviruses in hospitalizations in children. As discussed in our study, rhinoviruses are sometimes found in healthy children; thus, further studies are required to determine the actual rate of ‘carriage’ in healthy children as opposed to those who are sick or have had recent symptoms of illness. There should also be further investigation into the question, ‘Why are children with asthma disproportionately burdened by the "common cold" virus?’"

In an accompanying editorial, Ronald B. Turner, MD of the University of Virginia School of Medicine, noted the value of studies on rhinoviruses because of their frequency and huge cost to society. Turner echoed Miller’s sentiment, remarking that the study should stimulate future research into the medical implications of rhinoviruses.

Fast Facts

* Rhinoviruses cause at least half of all common colds.
* The study found 26 percent of the hospitalized children had rhinovirus infections—more than were infected with a virus previously thought to be the main cause of serious respiratory illness.
* Children with a history of wheezing or asthma had more than eight times as many rhinovirus-associated hospitalizations than those without.


Related medicine news :

1. Antibiotics Dangerous for Diarrhoea in Children Caused by E.Coli
2. Inhaled Steroids Safe & Effective for Children with Asthma
3. General Anesthesia Safe For Children On Ketogenic Diet Suffering From Epilepsy
4. Children suffer the most when parents divorce
5. Childrens snoring may indicate a serious problem
6. Children exposed to smoke show decreased levels of Vitamin C
7. Children! Protecting them from medical mistakes
8. Children who used anaesthesia drugs could suffer brain damage
9. Children’s Cholesterol Matter
10. Race Affects Sleep in Children
11. Vaccine Reduces antibiotic-resistant infections in Children
Post Your Comments:

(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... December 1, 2015—Since the start ... scientific research and discoveries, leading us to better understand the disease’s behavior. Globally, ... affected by HIV/AIDS. Mediaplanet’s cross-platform edition of “World AIDS Day” provides insight on ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... amputations in the United States. Podiatrists are well aware that psychology-based patient non-compliance ... behaviors) are often catastrophic contributors to diseases of the diabetic foot. The ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Visage accelerates mobile imaging results ... subsidiary of Pro Medicus Ltd. (ASX: PME), has announced they are demonstrating new ... America (RSNA) 2015 annual meeting through December 3 in Chicago, Illinois, at Booth ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... MA (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... Lutronic, ... release of Clarity, the latest addition to the devices for sale in the United ... 755 nm Alexandrite and long-pulsed 1064 nm Nd:YAG lasers, into a single platform that ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... PartnerTech , a leader ... leadership since 2008. Gary Bruce, President of PartnerTech North America, currently serves as ... significant amount of time in Sweden since joining PartnerTech based in Malmo, Sweden. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... DUBLIN , Dec. 01, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Medium ... Adhesives, Sealants, Lubricants, and Other Applications - ... and Forecast, 2015 - 2023" report ... ) has announced the addition of the ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , Dec. 01, 2015 ... the addition of the "Spinal Muscular ... Trends, and Forecast 2015 - 2023" ... ) has announced the addition of ... Pipeline Assessment, Size, Growth, Trends, and Forecast ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015   Nottingham Spirk , a ... the publication of a free whitepaper , ... Market". The whitepaper gives medical product companies, pharmaceutical ... this lucrative segment. Nottingham Spirk ... manage their own health, save money (i.e., fewer ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: