According to American research, the most effective weight-loss diet for any person depends on his physiology .
Lead author David Ludwig, director of the Optimal Weight for Life Program at Children's Hospital Boston, who says that 'This study shows that one diet doesn't necessarily fit all', also notes that heavy people with an apple shape carrying most of their weight in their midsection lost a lot more pounds on a diet that excluded processed carbohydrates but included plenty of healthful fats. This was in comparison with people with a similar figure who were put on a low-fat diet.
The researchers put 73 adults, ages 18 to 35, on one of two diets. All participants were advised to eat the same amount of protein and fiber and to do the same amount of exercise.
Out of these, half were told to follow a low-fat diet that derived 55% of calories from carbohydrates, 20% from fat and 25% from protein. This diet encouraged low-fat, whole-grain products, vegetables, fruits and limited consumption of high-fat foods and sweets.
The other half followed a low-glycemic load diet similar to traditional diets around the world, including the Mediterranean diet.
These dieters were allowed to eat a 'liberal amount of healthful (unsaturated) fats,' such as olive and canola oil, and encouraged to eat vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans and nuts, he says.
These kinds of carbohydrates are considered low on the glycemic index scale, which ranks their effect on blood glucose levels. They are believed to stabilize blood sugar after a meal, lower the hormone insulin and stave off hunger longer.
The dieters also were advised to limit processed carbohydrates, such as white bread, white rice, prepared cereals, crackers, cookies and sugary foods. Research indicates that these foods, considered high on the glycemic index scale, sharply raise blood sugar and insulin levels, stimulating hunger and resulting in overeating. Page: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
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