Navigation Links
Cancer-Killing Compound From A Fungus

A cancer-killing compound called rasfonin has been synthesized from a fungus for the first time. This fungus was discovered the walls of a New Zealand cave cave. //A chemical found in this fungus causes the cancer cells to commit suicide while not harming healthy cells.

"In 2000, scientists in Japan discovered that this compound might have some tremendous potential as a prototype anticancer agent, but no one has been able to study or develop it because it's so hard to get enough of it from natural sources," says Robert K. Boeckman, professor of chemistry.

"You either grow the fungus that makes it, or you go through a complicated chemical synthesis process that still yields only a minute amount," he says. "Now, after five years of effort, we've worked out a process that lets researchers finally produce enough rasfonin to really start investigating how it functions, and how we might harness it to fight cancer."

In 2000, researchers from Chiba University in Japan and the University of Tokyo simultaneously discovered a compound in certain fungi that selectively destroyed cells depending upon a gene called ras--one of the first known cancer-causing genes. They had found rasfonin, a compound that seemed tailor-made to knock out ras-dependent cancers like pancreatic cancer.

After six years, however, rasfonin's secrets remain a mystery because researchers can't make enough of it to carry out tests.

To bring about a new drug, organic chemists must produce a new chemical in enough quantity to test it under many different circumstances to tease out its modus operandi. Until now, no method existed to generate rasfonin, aside from growing more fungus--a time-consuming and terribly inefficient method. Boeckman, the Marshall D. Gates, Jr. Professor of Chemistry at the University of Rochester, has now revealed a process that produces 67 times more rasfonin than any previous method. For the first time, scientists can obtain enough rasfonin to conduct proper biological tests on it.

"At a guess, I'd say that rasfonin itself will not be the final compound that might come to market," says Boeckman. "But we need to figure out how it works, how it triggers the cancer cell to shut itself down. The key is to find exactly what buttons rasfonin is pushing, and then figure out if there's a way we can safely and more simply push those same buttons. But we couldn't do that until we have enough to test."

Even Boeckman's simplified process is notably complex, employing sophisticated organic reactions. Instead of the original method's 23 steps, Boeckman's has just 16--but finding them took five years of his team's hard work, skill and intuition.

Boeckman's paper, published in the Aug. 30 issue of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, outlines the sequence of steps showing how Boeckman's group inserted, removed, or altered the three-dimensional and chemical structure of their compound until they produced complete rasfonin. Diagrams of the complete process are available on the Web at pubs.acs.org.

"Very soon, researchers should be able to scale up this process rather easily to whatever volume they need," says Boeckman. "It may be a long road to a possible treatment, but at least we're now past the first hurdle."

(Source: Eurekalert)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Cancer-Killing Viruses Employ Multiple Mechanisms
2. Compound of Broccoli combats breast cancer
3. New Compound Could Strengthen The Effect Of Chemotherapy
4. Breathing Cancer Causing Compounds During Pregnancy Found To Affect Offspring
5. Compound from cottonseed for neck and head cancers
6. Compounds Found In The Vegetable Broccoli Could Have Anti-Cancer Properties
7. Adding Sorghum Compounds To Dietary Supplements May Help Lower Cholesterol
8. Compound In Grapes And Red Wine To Counter Alzheimers Disease
9. Sugars Could Contain Key Cancer Inhibiting Compounds
10. Compound From Cyanobacterium Can Fight Alzheimer’
11. Five New Anti-Inflammatory Compounds Produced By Indian Scientists
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ProVest Insurance Group, a family ... and Raleigh regions, is organizing an extended charity drive to benefit the family ... abnormality. , After struggling since birth with several health challenges, T.J. was later ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... As health professionals work ... as “patient engagement.” The patient is doing more than filling out a survey; in ... “There is an increasing emphasis in health care and research on the importance of ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM) Board of Directors ... Officer, succeeding Dr. James C. Puffer upon his retirement. Dr. Newton will serve in ... retirement at the end of 2018. Upon assuming the role of President and CEO ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Las Vegas, Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... of 7® Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum ... CBD dose required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder of the Law Office ... of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership in ElderCounsel helps our office ... forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said Somekh. , ElderCounsel ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/12/2017)... Sept. 12, 2017   EcoVadis , the leading platform for environmental, ... first annual edition of its Global CSR Risk and Performance Index. The ... EcoVadis, based on Scorecard Ratings that analyzed nearly 800,000 data points across ... ... ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... , Sept. 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., ... Solutions (VLMS), is pleased to announce the appointment ... member of its Board of Directors and Chairman ... VLMS enables life science companies to manage their ... use of paper in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis ...
(Date:9/9/2017)... , Sept. 8, 2017 Dealmed Medical Supplies, ... supplier of medical equipment, supplies, drugs, vaccines, and specialty ... entered into an agreement to acquire Vantage Medical Supplies, ... in Holtsville, New York . ... supplying new and emerging medical practices, will operate under ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: