Navigation Links
Cancer Affects Mature Muscle Fibers

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and Children's Medical Center Dallas say that rather than immature tissue fibers, it is mature muscle fibers// that are affected by cancer. The research was done on fruit files and shows how cancer develops. It could also offer clues in search for other cancer genes. "Never before has any animal model system shown that new cells can be generated from differentiated skeletal muscle," said Dr. Rene Galindo, lead author of the study, assistant professor of pathology at UT Southwestern and a pediatric pathologist at Children's. "Skeletal muscle had been viewed as being biologically fixed," he said. The research is available online and is being published in the Sept. 5 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The researchers focused on alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, a subtype of rhabdomyosarcoma, the sixth most common childhood cancer. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive, often fatal form of cancer that occurs primarily in the trunk, arms and legs of older children or teenagers. The disease starts when one of two genes, called PAX3 and PAX7, fuses with another gene called FKHR, or "Forkhead." Scientists, however, had not known which type of tissue turned into tumor cells: mature muscle cells or the more immature cells that surround or form them. The question arose partly because of the number of nuclei found in each cell. The tumor cells each have a single nucleus, while developed muscle tissue contains many nuclei – up to several hundred. The muscle cells are surrounded by satellite cells, which can develop into mature muscle cells, each having a single nucleus. Both muscle and satellite cells are in turn surrounded by adult stem cell-like cells. The researchers used larvae of the fruit fly Drosophila and genetically engineered them to contain human PAX-FKHR gene complexes. The scientists used the insect because its muscles are easily visible through its outer shell. The genes were linked with another gene that made cells glow green if the PAX-FKHR genes were active. They examined flies with both the PAX7-FKHR complex and PAX3-FKHR complex. Both gene complexes created fatal conditions similar to alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. For technical reasons, the researchers then focused on PAX7-FKHR, and saw new cells arising from the fully developed muscle tissue. They also saw tumor cells in the larvae's blood, central nervous system and other locations, indicating that the cells had broken free and metastasized. Because human and fly genes are nearly identical, it should be possible to test for other genes involved in the cancer by knocking them out, then seeing if that deletion blocks the creation of the cancer. "We can test virtually every gene in the fly genome," Dr. Galindo said. "There has been little progress toward developing effective therapies for rhabdomyosarcoma, in part because of the lack of animal models for the disease," said Dr. Eric Olson, chairman of molecular biology at UT Southwestern and the study's senior author. "This work is important because it provides a simple organism, the fruit fly, as a model for analyzing the genetic causes of rhabdomyosarcoma." "Second, it reveals a fascinating biological process in which a human gene for rhabdomyosarcoma causes skeletal muscle fibers to undergo a reverse form of development and generate single cells that spread through the organism," said Dr. Olson, director of the Nancy B. and Jake L. Hamon Center for Basic Research in Cancer and director of the Nearburg Family Center for Basic Research in Pediatric Oncology.

Source-Eurekalert
RAS
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Fibroids unlikely to Turn Cancerous
2. Virus Level could Predict Cervical Cancer Risk
3. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
4. Potential New Cancer Gene Identified
5. Consensus on "Combination Therapy" for Breast Cancer
6. Cancers of Colon & Rectum linked to Cigarette Smoking
7. Life Saving Cancer Drugs – From Chicken! Possible Says Dolly’ Creatos
8. The Cancer Rumour mill working over time
9. Cancer drugs in development nearly doubled since 1995
10. Radioactive Seeds used in Prostate Cancer treatment can migrate with the body
11. Cancer patients turning to Internet for information
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... A new ... schedule rates and Medicare rates for a variety of medical services in Illinois ... Evaluation of the 2015 Fee Schedule Rates in Illinois, are professional medical ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Establishment Labs, a global ... David Hung to the company´s Board of Directors. , “We are honored ... and an exceptional entrepreneur.” said Juan Jose Chacon Quiros, CEO of Establishment Labs. "David’s ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... County, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... on home whitening packages. Teeth whitening is among the most popular cosmetic procedures in ... for their whitening needs. This can put them at risk of teeth whitening-related damage. ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Two renowned photographers, Robert ... a photographic adventure on the island, June 14-19, 2016, hosted by Four Seasons Resort ... , After a successful debut in 2015, the Maui Photo Expedition workshop ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Shark Finds and Kevin Harrington, and the ... with GRIP-DRY. , GRIP-DRY is a newly patented product that has solved some of the ... the wet and early morning dew or right after a rain shower, might understand the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... or "Company") (NASDAQ: UNIS ; ASX: UNS), a developer ... results for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 (three months ended ... Financial Results for the Second Quarter of Fiscal 2016 ... for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 was $4.5 million, compared ... from customers for the second quarter of fiscal 2016 were $17.8 ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Bermuda, Feb. 9, 2016  Axovant Sciences Ltd. ... on the treatment of dementia, today announced further ... cognitive, behavioral and functional aspects of Lewy body ... in the U.S. Two out of the three ... expected to start later this quarter. In addition, ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Feb. 9, 2016 Hearing protection devices refer ... energy transmitted to the inner ear. Hearing protection devices ... These devices are recommended for users exposed to noise ... refer to HPD that are inserted in the ear ... designed to provide more natural sound perception with the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: