Navigation Links
CCR5 Mutation Confers Immunity Against HIV But Not Against West Nile Virus Illness

A research conducted by Philip M. Murphy, M.D., and colleagues say that mutation in CCR5 (cell surface protein) protects people against HIV infection but increases the risk of developing West Nile virus (WNV) illness. //

West Nile virus (WNV) illness is caused due to a mosquito-borne virus. This research as conducted at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and the results of the research appear in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

The research is very useful to all the doctors who treat the HIV patient using experimental CCR5-blocking drugs, as this might increase the risk of developing West Nile virus (WNV) illness.

The National Institute of Health (NIH) director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D said that CCR5 was the first genetic risk factor to be identified for West Nile virus infection. This infection leads to complicated problems and the death rate in US is about 102 in 2005.

Ten years back it was identified that CCR5 is the primary co-receptor employed by HIV to infect cells. This led to the development of CCR5-blocking drugs to prevent the spread of HIV from one cell to another.

CCR5 receptor gene is inherited one from the mother and the other from the father. But in case of 1% of North American whites there is a mutation in both copies (are homozygous) of the gene and hence they don’t produce the CCR5 protein. These individuals don’t suffer from HIV infection but are prone to WNV illness.

The researchers developed a mouse model to understand the functioning of the immune system cells. They found that genetically engineered mice that lacked CCR5 receptors suffered from the WNV illness. The normal mice were protected from the symptoms of WNV illness due to the movement of immune cells into the brain and central nervous system.

Then they experimented with human blood sample and cerebrospinal fluid to understand the effects of CCR5 gene mutation. They found that 4. 5 percent of 247 WNV-positive samples from Arizona were from patients who had two copies of the CCR5 mutation. But only 0.7% showed the presence of 2 copies in case of the control group (145 WNV-negative blood samples).

In case of the WNV-positive samples from Colorado 4.1% of 148 samples came from individuals who had gene mutation on both the copies. Among the Coloradans who were WNV-positive and who self-reported their race as white, the percentage of homozygous individuals was 8.3.

In conclusion the researches said that CCR5 gene is very closely associated with the development of WNV infection. It would be of great significance to those who were been treated with CCR5 blockers to know that they are prone to WNV infection and should strictly limit mosquito exposure.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Mutation connected to Osteoporosis
2. Stem Cells Have Few Mutations
3. Gene Mutation Causes Ovarian Failure
4. Mutations in NOTCH1 cause an early developmental defect in the aortic valve
5. A Word Of Caution: Routine Screening For Breast Cancer Mutation Not Advisdable
6. Coffee Reduces Risk of Breast Cancer in BRCA1 Mutation Carriers
7. Wound Healing Accelerated By Mutation In Deafness Gene
8. No Mutation Of Bird Flu Virus: WHO
9. Gene Mutation May Influence Age at Onset of Parkinsons Disease
10. Menin Gene Mutation made Insulin Secreting Cells to Proliferate
11. Developing Countries Undertake Cataloguing of Human Mutations
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... the day, adults often find themselves reaching for a cup of coffee, an energy drink, ... for instead is a cup of Matcha green tea. Matcha is a premium green tea ... harvested from early June to mid-July, when the leaves are the most tender. , ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... St. ... (Healthconnect) regional health information exchange, which enables physicians at SJMC’s two hospital campuses, ... from other participating organizations in the exchange. SJMC’s membership in the health information ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... DDL, Inc. ... American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA) to include ISO 594-1 and ISO 594-2 testing ... means of achieving a leak-free connection between two medical devices (e.g. a syringe and ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... The successful implementation of “lean ... laboratories as well. However, laboratories have different challenges compared to manufacturing environments. , ... in the lab, METTLER TOLEDO has developed the Lean Lab Checklist . This ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... In his latest ... personality traits in humans. Using presidential candidate Donald Trump as an example, Kalsi ... , “AstroNumerology is not about adding numbers up,” says Kalsi. “It is about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. (OTCQX: AMBS), ... and Orphan Diseases, today announced that President & CEO Gerald ... SeeThru Equity MicroCap Conference   Where: ... , NY When: Tuesday, May 31 st , ... Where: Grand Hyatt Hotel, 109 East 42 nd St, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... May 26, 2016 According to a ... Management Market - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, ... in the U.S. was valued at US$ 5.89 Bn in ... 3.4% from 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 7.99 Bn ... current and emerging needle free drug delivery devices and the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 ... With Both Cost Savings and Overall Decreased ... (LSE: BTG), an international specialist healthcare company, has ... the 21st Annual Meeting of ISPOR (International Society ... of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using yttrium-90 glass microspheres ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: