Navigation Links
Burnout Explains Link Between Job Strain and Depression

Workers with high levels of job strain are at increased risk of burnout, which seems to explain the relationship between job strain and depression, reports a study in the// October Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM).

Using specific questionnaires, Kirsi Ahola of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki and colleagues assessed burnout and job strain in a representative sample of 3,270 Finnish workers. Workers with high scores for exhaustion and cynicism and low scores for professional effectiveness were considered to have burnout. High job strain was defined as facing high work demands with little control over one's work. The workers were also assessed for symptoms of depression.

Twenty-eight percent of workers met the study definition of burnout. Burnout was more common in older workers, those who were unmarried, and those with manual occupations. High alcohol use, physical inactivity, being overweight, and having a physical or mental illness also increased the risk of burnout.

High job strain was present in 23 percent of workers, and was the most important risk factor for burnout. After adjustment for other factors, workers with high job strain were seven times more likely to be "burned out" than those with low job strain.

High job strain was also the strongest risk factor for depression. Workers with high job strain were four times more likely to have depressive symptoms and 70 percent more likely to score in the "clinically depressed" range.

The relationship between job strain and burnout was little affected by adjustment for other factors, including indicators of physical and mental health. In contrast, the association between job strain and depression all but disappeared after adjustment for burnout. "This suggests that much of the association between job strain and depression is attributable to burnout," the researchers write.

Burnout and depression were also related to other categories of job strain: "active work," consisting of high job demands and high control; and "passive work," with low demands and low control.

The concept of job burnout—defined as "a state of exhaustion combined with doubts about the value of one's own work and competence"—is still debated among occupational health researchers. Previous studies have shown a close relationship between burnout, which is supposedly work-related; and depression, generally regarded as a more pervasive problem. The new study is the first to simultaneously assess all three factors in a large population representing the full range of occupations.

Although the study can't prove any cause-and-effect relationship, the results suggest that burnout is an intermediate step in the relationship between job strain and depression. It also suggests that various types of job strain may contribute to burnout. The researchers hope their results will point the way to new opportunities to addressing work load and other aspects of modern working life that contribute to burnout and depression.

ACOEM, an international society of more than 5,000 occupational physicians and other health care professionals, provides leadership to promote optimal health and safety of workers, workplaces, and environments.

Source-Newswise
SR
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Burnout imminent with round-the-clock stress
2. Job Burnout May Make People More Prone to Developing Diabetes
3. Arkansas Governor Explains New Health Plan Insurance On Radio Show
4. Study Explains How NSAIDs Halt Cancer Growth
5. Victoria Beckham Explains Weight Loss
6. Study Explains How Costly Traits Evolve
7. Research Explains How Lead Exposure Produces Learning Deficits
8. Link Between Infection And Heart Disease
9. Prescription Drug Use Varies Widely Between States
10. Wait Between Pregnancies
11. Link Between Migraines and Behavioral Disorders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of moderation, whether it’s a matter of ... too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even self-loathing. However, those who set the ... Research from PsychTests.com reveals that behind the tendency to set low expectations ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an ... of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a ... Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys are recognized ... this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing within the ... this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. Bloom, Burt ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin and MyPainAway Pain Relief Products, join The ‘Business for ... $12 an hour by 2020 and then adjusting it yearly to increase at the same ... wage, assure the wage floor does not erode again, and make future increases more predictable. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Living, is proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic ... most beautiful women in the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 The vast ... an outpatient dialysis facility.  Treatments are usually 3 times ... hours per visit, including travel time, equipment preparation and ... patient, but especially grueling for patients who are elderly ... a skilled nursing and rehabilitation centers for some duration ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Tenn. , June 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... automating, integrating and transforming the patient payment ... of several innovative new products and services ... of its revenue cycle offerings. These award-winning ... more efficient workflows, remain compliant in an ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) today announced that ... organization as its newest member.  ... and chief scientific officer, Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, will serve ... of Directors. ... in support of our efforts to conduct research ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: