Navigation Links
Brain Tissue Reveals Possible Genetic Trigger for Schizophrenia

A study led by scientists from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill may have identified a molecular mechanism involved// in the development of schizophrenia.

In studying the postmortem brain tissue of adults who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia, the researchers found that levels of certain gene-regulating molecules called microRNAs were lower among schizophrenia patients than in persons who were free of psychiatric illness.

“In many genetic diseases, such as Huntington’s disease or cystic fibrosis, the basis is a gene mutation that leads to a malformed protein. But with other complex genetic disorders – such as schizophrenia, many cancers, and diabetes – we find not mutated proteins, but correctly formed proteins in incorrect amounts,” said study lead author and UNC professor of psychiatry Dr. Diana Perkins.

The research appears this week in the online edition of the journal Genome Biology. “To our knowledge this study is the first to associate altered expression of microRNAs with schizophrenia,” the authors stated.

Since the 1950s, scientists have known that the genetic code stored in DNA is first transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA) which is then the template from which the body’s protein building blocks are made. MicroRNAs are a newly discovered class of mRNA that does not carry the code for a protein. Instead, these tiny strands of RNA act by binding to matching pieces of the protein coding mRNA, thus preventing the translation of mRNA to protein. When a cell needs certain proteins, the microRNAs may disconnect, thus allowing protein expression to resume.

Using postmortem prefrontal cortical brain tissue of people with schizophrenia and persons who had no psychiatric illness, the researchers found for the first time a significant difference in the microRNA expression profile. Fifteen microRNAs were expressed at a lower level and one at a higher level in the brain tissue from persons w ith schizophrenia. The basic activity of this “executive” brain region is the orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals.

Previous studies have shown that microRNAs play a role in regulating brain development. They also figure importantly in “synaptic plasticity,” the ability of neurons to make connections with one another. “And those connections between neurons come and go all the time. It’s a normal process for them to be pruned and grow again, depending on what the brain needs to do to interact with the environment,” Perkins explained.

“There is growing evidence that schizophrenia may related to disordered synaptic plasticity,” she added. “Our study found a striking, significant difference in microRNA expression between people with schizophrenia and healthy people. Using bioinformatic analyses, we found that the distinguishing microRNAs appear to regulate genes involved in synaptic plasticity.”

Acknowledging this was a pilot study, Perkins and her colleagues plan further research with larger tissue samples.

Soure-Newswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Use of Cellular Phones associated with Increased risk of Brain Tumors
2. Brain death – How to cope with it
3. “Brain fingerprinting”- The new lie detectr
4. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Direct to Brain.
5. Virus Combats Brain Tumour
6. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Directly to Brain
7. Control of anger disorder connected to Brain Dysfunction
8. High Levels of Protein Linked to Brain Shrinkage
9. Brain damage affects artistic skill
10. Brain cells protected by new compounds
11. Brain changes observed in people with sleep apnoea
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... Presence Technology ... has been included by Gartner, Inc. in the Contact Center Infrastructure Magic Quadrant ... Center Infrastructure technologies, some of which include: Computer-telephony integration (CTI)/Web services interfaces, ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Beach, Florida (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 ... ... to Jay Butch of CertainTeed Corporation, he knew it was something that contractors ... as state-of-the-art and cutting-edge as it gets,” says Butch, CertainTeed’s Director of Contractor ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... Switzerland (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... The ... this model in their laboratories as well. However, laboratories have different challenges compared to ... benefits of lean operations in the lab, METTLER TOLEDO has developed the Lean ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Spectrum Aquatics has launched a brand new ADA pool lift, ... with the user in mind. , “Over the last two years our key customers ... 400 lbs lift is a necessary requirement for certain facilities with specific needs,” said ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... a recent interview on The Greenburgh Report radio show hosted by Greenburgh, NY Town ... leading medical insurance advocate Adria Goldman Gross discussed several eye-opening issues that have combined ... the interview with Mr. Feiner that aired on May 7, 2016, Ms. Gross, the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2016)... 30, 2016 According ... Biometrics Market by Technology (Single-factor (Fingerprint, Face, ... Application (Workforce Management), End User (Hospitals, Healthcare ... by MarketsandMarkets, the market is projected to ... USD 1,182.6 Million by 2016, at a ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... - DCGI grants limited approval to market Stempeucel® product for ... Stempeucel® becomes 5th off-the-shelf Stem cell product to be approved by ... Disease (also known as Thromboangiitis Obliterans) is a major unmet medical ... - Prevalence of Buerger,s Disease is estimated to be 1,000,000 in ... the European Community & USA ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... LabStyle Innovations Corp . ( ... today announced that the Company,s Chief Financial Officer, Zvi ... held June 1-2 in New York, NY ... in Los Angeles, CA. ... operational milestones, including the U.S. FDA Clearance and commercial launch ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: