Navigation Links
Brain Fever or Encephalitis Spreading in North India

The death toll due to the Japanese Encephalitis continues to daily kill a few more people in Uttar Pradesh and seems to be spreading to the neighboring areas like Nepal.

In this special report we review encephalitis or more // commonly known as brain fever and provide some essential information on its history, its spread, its life cycle and prevention.

The first historic mention of Japanese encephalitis occurred during the “summer encephalitis” outbreaks in the late 1870’s. The virus was first isolated in Japan in 1935 from a fatal human case of encephalitis.

In 1940, JE was first identified in China. In 1954 the virus was recognized in India and a major epidemic occurred in 1978 with over 6,000 human cases occurring. Currently, the disease occurs in China, India, Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Northern Thailand.

The geographical area affected by the virus has spread considerable over the last 50 years. Occasionally sporadic cases of disease occur in Indonesia and northern Australia. The disease has not occurred in the rest of the world. Postulated explanations include migration of birds, certain irrigation projects, animal smuggling and global warming.

Japanese Encephalitis is caused by a virus (Arbovirus). The life cycle of the virus involves mosquitoes and an amplifying host (also known as reservoir hosts). Known amplifying hosts include domestic pigs, wading bird species. Some of the incidental hosts include horses, donkeys, cattle, water buffalo, sheep, dogs, chickens, ducks and humans.

The disease is zoonotic disease, transmitted from animals to human beings. It is transmitted by mosquitoes, (Culex tritaeniorhynchus), the primary vector. In the endemic areas, only 2 to 3 % of mosquito’s carry the virus. With 50,000 cases reported annually and 10-15,000 deaths, it is the most common and the most severe form of viral encephalitis.

The infection is generally asymptomatic. Only 1 infection in 25 to 1,000 is in fact symptomatic. Out of the symptomatic cases, 20% of clinical cases of Japanese encephalitis die, and 35% suffer permanent brain damage.

Diagnosis is based on tests of blood or spinal fluid. Treatment is largely on a conservative basis. Intravenous infusions may be given to maintain the hydration status of the patient. The main aim of therapy is to provide symptomatic relief to the patient.

The disease can be prevented by means of an inactivated vaccine given in 3 injections followed by a booster three years later. Improved management for irrigation of water resources can be undertaken to reduce the transmission of disease, in South, South East, and East Asa.
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Use of Cellular Phones associated with Increased risk of Brain Tumors
2. Brain death – How to cope with it
3. “Brain fingerprinting”- The new lie detectr
4. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Direct to Brain.
5. Virus Combats Brain Tumour
6. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Directly to Brain
7. Control of anger disorder connected to Brain Dysfunction
8. High Levels of Protein Linked to Brain Shrinkage
9. Brain damage affects artistic skill
10. Brain cells protected by new compounds
11. Brain changes observed in people with sleep apnoea
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... N.J. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... The ... Holly Day Market. Featuring a collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across ... personalized and quality-focused health and wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... DevOps and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center ... Purchase Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... New Orleans, LA (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... fitness centers in the U.S., announced today its plans to open a flagship location ... club will occupy the former Rooms To Go store next to Office Depot in ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... drug delivery system that we intend to develop to enable prevention of a ... lead to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, hearing loss ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Women-owned and Grand ... Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best and Brightest. OnSite Wellness will be ... Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. at the Henry Autograph Collection ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... PARK, Calif. , Oct. 11, 2017  BioPharmX ... national scientific team that developed an innovative way to ... quantity of the delivery of new drugs. ... 2017 Fall Clinical Dermatology Conference will show how researchers ... General Hospital, Harvard Medical School used a suite of ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... COUNTY, Calif. , Oct. 10, 2017  NDS received FDA ... Mobile  — a medical-grade battery-powered display stand specifically designed for endoscopy ... to transform technology into a clinical solution to support the improvement ... Innovative Design ... ZeroWire Mobile Wireless Solution ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... Korea , Oct. 4, 2017  South Korean-based ... next-generation CPR training aide "cprCUBE" on Kickstarter. The device ... compression during cardiac arrests with better efficiency compared to ... also offers real-time feedback on efficacy of the compression ... crowdfunding campaign has a goal to raise $5,000. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: