Navigation Links
Brain Chemical Identified For Drug Dependent Behavior

Researchers from University of Pennsylvania had identified a brain chemical responsible for some drug seeking behaviors associated with substance abuse. The chemical called orexin is also involved in feeding, arousal and sleep behaviors in human beings. //

Research showed that the activation of orexin-secreting brain cells in the hypothalamus, a brain region that controls many vital functions such as eating, body temperature, fat metabolism, etc. is strongly correlated with food- and drug-seeking behaviors. Past anatomical studies have shown that these cells in the lateral hypothalamus also project to adjacent reward-associated areas of the brain.

This study suggests that orexin may be a factor in modulating reward-seeking characteristic of substance abuse. The findings help to better identify neural pathways involved in drug abuse, craving and relapse, which may ultimately help scientists find more effective therapies.

This study is published online for the August issue of the journal Nature. The hypothalamus is a small area of the brain above and behind the roof of the mouth. It is involved with the involuntary nervous system and control of processes such as fluid maintenance, sugar balance, fat metabolism, regulation of body temperature, and control of hormonal secretion. The lateral hypothalamus is referred to as the brain’s hunger center.

Researchers had found that the more animals seek out cues associated with food or drug reward, the more activated the neurons become. In rats that had their drug-seeking behavior extinguished, the preference for drug-associated cues was reinstated by chemically activating these cells and orexin production. These data suggest that this brain system may be involved in the development of drug craving that can perpetuate both addiction and relapse.

This neural system may be activated by environmental cues that cause addicts to relapse back to drug-taking behavior even afte r successfully going through rehabilitation and achieving abstinence.

Source: NIH
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Use of Cellular Phones associated with Increased risk of Brain Tumors
2. Brain death – How to cope with it
3. “Brain fingerprinting”- The new lie detectr
4. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Direct to Brain.
5. Virus Combats Brain Tumour
6. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Directly to Brain
7. Control of anger disorder connected to Brain Dysfunction
8. High Levels of Protein Linked to Brain Shrinkage
9. Brain damage affects artistic skill
10. Brain cells protected by new compounds
11. Brain changes observed in people with sleep apnoea
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Intalere, the healthcare industry leader in ... inaugural Member Conference at the Paris Hotel in Las Vegas, Nev., May 17-20, ... America’s healthcare providers. , The conference was highlighted by the announcement of the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... The Woodlands at John Knox Village , Florida’s ... care for living and healing, celebrated its grand opening, today. The Woodlands at John ... provided by Empowered Staff. , “This is an incredibly fulfilling time for John Knox ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... development solutions for drugs, biologics, consumer health and global clinical supply services, today ... Korea to support the company’s continued investment and strategic growth plans in the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Memorial Day Weekend marks the unofficial ... is sharing tips to make sure your family and vehicle are ready to ... Council, there may be 439 deaths and an additional 50,500 serious injuries from motor ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... North Cypress Medical Center hosted its 9th ... Cypress. With the help of community partners, the event organizers raised $45,000 for the ... wounded service members and their families through health, wellness, and therapeutic support. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... 2016 TARE (Transarterial Radio-embolization) ... Savings and Overall Decreased Use of Hospital ... international specialist healthcare company, has today announced the ... Meeting of ISPOR (International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and ... (HCC) using yttrium-90 glass microspheres is associated with ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... WELLESLEY, Massachusetts , May 26, 2016 ... sequencing (NGS) has matured into an essential life science ... research and development applications. BCC Research reveals in its ... of a second growth phase, one powered by a ... applied fields.      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140723/694805 ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... 25, 2016 According to a ... (3D, 2D, 4D), by Therapeutic Area (Oncology, Cosmeceutical/Plastic Surgery), ... (Medical Device Manufacturers, Hospitals/ Clinics) - Forecast to 2021", ... Animation Market for the forecast period of 2016 to ... Million by 2021 from USD 117.3 Million in 2016, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: