Navigation Links
Blame Myelin for Many Neuropsychiatric Disorders

What makes the human brain unique? Of the many explanations that can be offered, one that doesn’t come readily to mind is — myelin.//

Conventional wisdom holds that myelin, the sheet of fat that coats a neuron’s axon — a long fiber that conducts the neuron’s electrical impulses — is akin to the wrapping around an electrical wire, protecting and fostering efficient signaling. But the research of UCLA neurology professor George Bartzokis, M.D., has already shown that myelin problems are implicated in diseases that afflict both young and old — from schizophrenia to Alzheimer’s.

Now, in a report published in the journal Biological Psychiatry and available online, Bartzokis argues that the miles of myelin coating in our brain are the key “evolutionary change that defines our uniqueness as a species” and, further, may also be the cause of “our unique vulnerability to highly prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders.” The paper argues that viewing the brain as a myelin-dependent “Internet” may be key to developing new and novel treatments against disease and aid in assessing the efficacy of currently available treatments, including the use of nicotine (delivered by a patch, not smoking), which may enhance the growth and maintenance of myelin).

Myelin, argues Bartzokis, who directs the UCLA Memory Disorders and Alzheimer's Disease Clinic, is “a recent invention of evolution. Vertebrates have it; invertebrates don't. And humans have more than any other species.”

Bartzokis studied the reported effects of cholinergic treatments, using drugs that are known to improve a neuron’s synaptic signaling in people who suffer diseases like Alzheimer’s. Furthermore, he notes, some clinical and epidemiological data suggest that such treatments may modify or even delay these diseases.

Looking at such effects from a myelin-centric point of view, Bartzokis argues that cholinergic treatments may have nonsynaptic effects as well, perhap s by enhancing myelination and myelin repair — and the better the myelin, the more efficient the neuron signaling and our “Internet’s” function. Specifically, such cholinergic treatments may enhance oligodendrocytes, a type of glia cell in the brain that produces myelin during the brain ‘s development and constantly maintains and repairs it as we age.

While more work needs to be done to fully understand the role of nonsynaptic cholinergic effects on brain development, said Bartzokis, his hypotheses can easily be tested through in vivo imaging of the brain to study the breakdown and growth of myelin. That will make it possible to directly test in humans the practical utility of the myelin-centered model of the human brain.

Ultimately, it could foster the development of novel treatments, as well as aid in assessing the efficacy of currently available treatments. These include the use of cholinergic treatments that include acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (used to treat Alzheimer’s) and nicotine patches.

“Through these rather benign interventions,” Bartzokis said, “such effects on the brain’s vulnerable oligodendrocyte populations may offer exciting opportunities for the prevention of both developmental and degenerative brain disorders. They deserve much closer scrutiny.”
Source-Newswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Don’t Blame the High Heels
2. Green Onions Blamed in Outbreak
3. Sun The Reason To Blame for eye Disease
4. Passion Fizzling Out? Blame The “Love Molecule
5. Like a particular taste and hate the other: Well, Blame it on the Brain!
6. Alzheimer’s: Blame it On the Genes; Lifestyle changes the only Saving Grac
7. Women Poorly Informed About Contraceptive Options: Doctors Blamed
8. Sex Determination Gene Blamed For High Incidence Of Parkinson’s In Me
9. Aggressive Teenage Behaviour: Blame It On The Anabolic Steroids
10. Referral Schemes Blamed By GPs For Treatment Delay
11. Lancet Blames CMA For Dismissal Of Editors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Society (ONS) wanted to create a communications platform that positions them as the ... Elliance and ONS reinvented their online publication as an always-on, always-fresh news, views ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro ... their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is ... Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Vintage and Harvest A Cultivation ... and college Bible teacher residing in North Carolina with his wife, Anna Marie. He ... them with six grandchildren. David is also the author of “Shadow and Substance.” , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The physicians of KSF Orthopaedic Center PA are proud to ... location is located at 2255 E. Mossy Oaks Rd., Suite 440, Spring, Texas 77389 ... provide patients living in the north Houston area (The Woodlands, Conroe, Magnolia, Kingwood, Humble) ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the ... acts have had a significant impact on the careers of all others involved. ... Inc. was inducted into the MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the ... Strategies" report to their offering. ... Pain Management in the ... their physical pain, emphasizing consumer survey analysis, including trends over ... adults who have selected illnesses/conditions strongly associated with physical pain ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 24, 2017 ShangPharma, a leading ... cost-effective drug development and discovery services, technology, ... industry, announced today the intent for a ... be consolidating the Contract Research Organizations (CRO) ... ChemPartner. These entities include ChemPartner Shanghai, ChemPartner ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets ... Pipeline Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a ... Merck & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development ... of which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: