Navigation Links
Antipsychotic Drug Controls Some Symptoms in Autism Disorder

Risperidone, a drug used to control schizophrenia symptoms, may also help treat behaviors found in autism spectrum disorder, according to a new review of studies.//

The reviewers looked at three randomized, placebo-controlled studies of risperidone (Risperdal) involving 211 participants, including 31 adults.

“[We found] that risperidone may be beneficial for various aspects of autism including irritability, repetition and hyperactivity,” said researchers led by Dr. Ora Jesner of the University of Bristol, in England. But the drug’s benefits may be offset by its side effects, with weight gain the most prominent.

Often diagnosed within the first three years of life, autism spectrum disorder leads to difficulties with social relationships, language and communication skills. Symptoms include withdrawal from social interactions, irritability, problems communicating and repetitive behaviors.

It is known as a “spectrum” disorder because there is a wide variation in how it affects individuals. Figures from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that as many as 1.5 million Americans may have some form of the disorder.

“Autism spectrum disorder affects many families worldwide,” Jesner said. “At present many of the interventions available are not evidence-based.” He said he and co-author Dr. Mehrnoosh Aref-Adib “wanted to analyze the evidence for one important antipsychotic [drug] used for the condition.”

The review appears in the latest issue of The Cochrane Library, a publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization that evaluates medical research. Systematic reviews draw evidence-based conclusions about medical practice after considering both the content and quality of existing medical trials on a topic.

Because of the small number of studies, wide range of different scales used to assess outcomes and sizes of the trials themselves, the research ers were only able to look at how well the patients responded for the three specific symptoms of irritability, repetitive movement and social withdrawal.

In addition to weight gain, significant side effects included involuntary muscle movements. As the studies were of short duration, long-term side effects and usefulness remain unknown. Since risperidone does not cure the disorder and may have to be continued for a long period of time, this is an important missing piece.

Susan Levy, M.D., director of the Regional Autism Center at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, said that the authors’ weak support for the medication in the conclusion surprised her.

“The researchers seemed to be lukewarm towards their positive findings,” said Levy, who was not involved with the study. “From my personal experience, this medication can be quite helpful for behavioral difficulties.”

The Cochrane reviewers and Levy stress that parents and caregivers should be careful about expecting too much from the medication when talking about this treatment with their doctors. Not all behavioral problems can be helped with risperidone and both side effects and improvements from the drug should be considered.

“As ASD is diagnosed at a young age and these short trials lack long-term data, parents or caregivers need to be aware it is not known how long the medication needs to be continued — potentially for a lifetime,” the researchers said. “This is particularly important given the side effects.”

Levy termed risperidone “a more serious medication” that she would reserve for more serious difficulties.

“It needs to be stressed to the parents and others that this is not a cure for autism or for the core symptoms of ASD,” Levy said. “But it works well for some of the associated problems.” Source-Newswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Antipsychotic Drug Linked to Pulmonary Embolism
2. New Antipsychotic Medications have Little Advantage Over Older Drugs
3. Antipsychotics – not effective in treating Alzheimer
4. No Evidence to Support Many Off-label Uses of Atypical Antipsychotics
5. Scientists Uncover Cause of Antipsychotic Drug Weight Gain
6. Study Sheds Light on Value of Newer Antipsychotic Drugs for Schizophrenia
7. Scientists Discover Hormone That Controls Hunger
8. Brain behind the Brawn: Vital Molecule in the Brain Controls Appetite
9. Stronger Quadricep Controls Knee Osteoarthritis
10. Pair of MicroRNA Molecules Controls Major Oncogene in Most Common Leukemia
11. Molecular ‘On/Off Switch’ Controls Immune Defenses Against Viruss
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:8/22/2017)... ... ... past six years, Lightning Labels has sent out a call for users of its custom ... creativity of their designs. Submissions this year were open from May 18 to July 1 ... winners of the sixth annual Photo Contest, along with the prizes they've received:, ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... “Wilderness Voices”: a collection ... travel. “Wilderness Voices” is the creation of published author, Martha McKown, an ordained ... was inspired as a very young child when her older sisters studied High School ...
(Date:8/22/2017)... ... , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently gave a best-in-class 5-star rating to Energy NADH, a ... of modern life continually makes more demands on time and energy, people are finding ... people in vicious high/low cycles and can also cause long term health issues. More ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... August 22, 2017 , ... ... I. Stevens as a 2017-2018 inductee into its VIP Woman of the ... NAPW is the nation’s leading networking organization exclusively for professional women, boasting more ...
(Date:8/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Marathon running has surged in popularity in ... running increases exposure to ultraviolet radiation, a carcinogen that promotes skin cancer. Studies ... half may be adequately protecting themselves with proper clothing and sunscreen. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/2/2017)... , Aug. 2, 2017 ... Who,s Who as a Pinnacle Lifetime Professional in ... Key Account Manager at Turing Pharmaceuticals, AG. Her ... troubleshooting and relationship building.                ... more than 25 years of experience as a ...
(Date:7/31/2017)... Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), has been named one of the ... Crain,s Detroit Business . The annual Crain,s Fast ... growth. This year,s edition measures growth from 2013 to 2016. ... list, visit crainsdetroit.com/awards/fast_50/2017 .  "Being named ... Phil Hagerman , CEO and chairman of Diplomat. "We,ve made ...
(Date:7/27/2017)... 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ZBH) ... 30, 2017.  The Company reported second quarter net sales ... prior year period, and an increase of 2.1% on ... of contribution from the LDR Holding Corporation acquisition, second ... of 2016, or 0.3% on a constant currency basis. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: