Navigation Links
Antibiotics Used In Food Animals Causes Antibiotic Resistance In People

The latest research study in Australia shows that less antibiotic used in food animals leads to less drug resistance in people. // Australia has adopted a policy of restricting antibiotic use in food-producing animals and this may be linked with lower levels of drug-resistant bacteria found in its citizens.

The bacteria Campylobacter jejuni is known to be one of the leading causes of food borne illness in industrialized countries. The drug resistance makes Campylobacter infections difficult for physicians to treat, and can result in longer bouts of diarrhoea and a higher risk of serious or even fatal illness. Bacterial resistance to drugs is generally attributed to inappropriate prescribing or overuse of antibiotics.

Australia has hence adopted a solution to the drug resistance problem that has been to prohibit the use of certain antibiotics, called fluoroquinolones, in food animals such as poultry. This policy has put Australia in a relatively unique position, as its animal and food production levels are comparable to those of other industrialized nations, but it has avoided using the antibiotics that have been standard in the other countries food animal production.

Australian researchers, planning to evaluate whether the results of the policy has affected the bacterial drug resistance, examined C. jejuni isolates collected from 585 patients in five Australian states. They made sure that none of the patients had received fluoroquinolone treatment within the month prior to becoming ill. The researchers discovered that only 2 percent of the locally acquired Campylobacter isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin, a type of fluoroquinolone. Countries that allow fluoroquinolone use in animals may have a drug resistance prevalence of up to 29 percent. Ciprofloxacin can be used to treat severe Campylobacter disease, so a low level of bacterial drug resistance should lead to better treatment efficacy.

Lead author Leanne Unico mb, an epidemiologist with Oz Food Net and Australia National University, said that there could be different causes that lead to bacterial antibiotic resistance, and use of antibiotics in food animals is only one of the multiple causes. However, she said that the evidence indicates that use of fluoroquinolones in food animals in other countries has increased the risk of resistance in [Campylobacter] isolates infecting humans. The researchers concluded that the low drug resistance they found was probably due Australia's policy of prohibiting the use of fluoroquinolones on animals.

Other industrialized nations have also realized the apparent benefits of restricting antimicrobial use in animals. It was found that both Sweden that had prohibited the use of fluoroquinolones for food animals in 1986 and Norway that had never licensed their use in food animals, had reported low trends like Australia's about fluoroquinolone resistant Campylobacter infecting humans. The United States seems to be taking a cue from other countries' success. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration proposed banning fluoroquinolones in poultry in 2000, but were finally enacted in September 2005.

Reducing the use of antibiotics in food animals, along with the suggestions by the researchers regarding the sensible use of fluoroquinolones in clinical settings could be a steps in the right direction toward curbing harmful food borne bacterial drug resistance, noted many experts.


Related medicine news :

1. Antibiotics Dangerous for Diarrhoea in Children Caused by E.Coli
2. Antibiotics Helps Autism
3. Antibiotics losing their power against acne
4. Antibiotics help heart patients
5. Antibiotics May Help Prevent Strokes
6. Antibiotics Found To Increase The Risk Of Developing Breast Cancer
7. Antibiotics Overload For Kids Questioned
8. The Use Of Antibiotics Questioned
9. The Dangers Of Prescribing Antibiotics
10. Eliminating Eye Infection With Antibiotics
11. Eliminating Eye Infection With Antibiotics
Post Your Comments:

(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle ... chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of ... Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 ... by their peers for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of ... honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Topical BioMedics, Inc, makers of Topricin ... companies that call for a minimum wage raise to $12 an hour by 2020 and ... This will restore the lost value of the minimum wage, assure the wage floor does ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... is proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon ... beautiful women in the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment firm Slone Partners is pleased ... and genomics experience, as Vice President of North American Capital Sales at HTG ... leading the sales team in the commercialization of the HTG EdgeSeq system and associated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  MedSource announced today that it ... software solution of choice.  This latest decision demonstrates ... to their clients by offering a state-of-the-art electronic ... establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform of choice ... clients.  "nowEDC has long been a preferred EDC ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Any dentist who has made an implant supported ... Many of them do not even offer this as a ... laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE able to offer ... high cost that the majority of today,s patients would not ... Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor of ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  In a startling report released today, ... their residents by lacking a comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription ... definitive ranking of how states are tackling the worst drug crisis ... four states – Kentucky , New ... Vermont . Of the 28 failing states, three – ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: