Navigation Links
Amphetamine, Cocaine Use Increase Risk of Stroke in Young Adults

Increasing rates of amphetamine and cocaine use by young adults significantly boost their risk of stroke, with amphetamine abuse associated with the greatest risk// , according to a research.

In the study, available online in the Archives of General Psychiatry, UT Southwestern physicians examined more than 8,300 stroke patients – ranging in age from 18 to 44 – at over 400 Texas hospitals in the years 2000 through 2003.

An analysis of risk factors and trends among stroke victims in this age group pointed to an increase in substance abuse as a major danger, particularly in the abuse of methamphetamines, which are produced in illegal drug labs or illegally imported into the country.

Amphetamines are stimulants, often prescribed for various medical uses as well as used illegally as drugs of choice or as performance enhancers.

Methamphetamines (meth) produce more potent, longer lasting and more harmful effects to the central nervous system than other members of the amphetamine drug class at comparable doses, according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse.

“Using amphetamines or cocaine significantly increases an individual’s risk for a stroke,” said Dr. Arthur Westover, an instructor of psychiatry at UT Southwestern and the study’s lead author. “If we decrease the number of people who are using these substances, then we likely can decrease the number of strokes in this younger population. The implication is that it’s preventable.”

Dr. Westover is a National Institutes of Health Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Scholar.

The study focused on two kinds of strokes: hemorrhagic and ischemic. Most strokes – which involve a sudden interruption in the blood supply of the brain – are ischemic, caused by an abrupt blockage of arteries leading to the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes, on the other hand, result from bleeding into brain tissue when a blood vessel bursts.

An evaluation of p atient study data from 2003, the first year that U.S. hospitals were required to make a distinction between the two types of strokes in their diagnoses of stroke victims, showed that young people who abuse amphetamines are five times more likely to have a hemorrhagic stroke than non-abusers. If cocaine is abused, the person’s likelihood of having either a hemorrhagic or an ischemic stroke more than doubles.

In addition, the 2003 data showed that more than 14 percent of hemorrhagic strokes and 14 percent of ischemic strokes were caused by abuse of drugs, including amphetamines, cocaine, cannabis (marijuana) and tobacco.

“Basically, speed kills,” said Dr. Robert Haley, the study’s senior author and chief of epidemiology at UT Southwestern. “And meth seems to be increasing as the preferred drug of abuse among the youngest population – people who don’t always know its dangers, often thinking it’s fairly safe.

“This is the first study large enough to confirm the link that meth kills by causing strokes. We hope that our findings will lead to getting the word out to young people who are tempted to use meth, explaining that the drug is extremely dangerous and can kill them.”


Related medicine news :

1. Medications to Prevent Relapse to Cocaine Use
2. Ritalin May Lower Cocaine Abuse
3. Lethal Heart Condition linked To Cocaine Use
4. Cocaine may cause aneurysms for the coronart artery
5. Regular Use Of Cocaine Can Impair Brain Functions
6. Brain of Cocaine Addicts Smaller In Size
7. Sensations Generated By Cocaine And Methamphetamine Abuse Are Not Same.
8. Cocaine Kates Lover Wants to Kick his Drug Habit
9. Cocaine Acts As Suppressant Not Stimulant In Genetically Altered Mice
10. One Nigerian Cocaine Pedellar Nabbed
11. UN Sounds Alarm Over Rising Cocaine Consumption In Europe
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an ... by the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia suggested that laws ... head injuries. The article explains that part of the reason for the controversial conclusion ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... A team of Swiss doctors has released a report on mesothelioma ... posted the findings on the website. Click here to read the details now. ... patients who were treated with chemotherapy followed by EPP surgery. Among the 106 patients ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice ... The company is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. ... at full price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... Herpes-only dating community in the world, revealed that over 50% of its members are under ... under the age of 50 – or 67% of the population - are infected with ... infection . , "The data shocks us highly!" said Michelle Li, Co-Founder of the ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking ... is an interesting show that delves into an array of issues that are presently ... could benefit from open dialogue, this show is changing the subjects consumers focus on, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... Nov. 27, 2015  Lannett Company, Inc. (NYSE: ... completed the acquisition of Kremers Urban Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... global biopharmaceuticals company UCB S.A. (Euronext: UCB). ... has acquired KU from UCB for total consideration ... including a customary working capital adjustment, a deduction ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... UTRECHT , Países Bajos, November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... con la terapia fotodinámica de Bremachlorin para el cáncer ... combina la inmunoterapia con la terapia fotodinámica de Bremachlorin ... Un nuevo enfoque combina la inmunoterapia con la ...   Clinical Cancer Research . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> --> ... find optimal contrast weighting of MRI for patients with ... a research agreement with SyntheticMR in order to use SyMRI ... is possible to generate multiple contrast images from a single ... left, thus making it possible to both fine tune images ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: