study shows very important differences between men and women. Whereas men report a beneficial effect after consuming 2-4 doses maximum (a dose refers to one glass of wine or beer), women should be aware: for them, the protection guaranteed from alcohol consumption disappears just after two glasses a day.
"It might be- says Licia Iacoviello, Head of the Laboratory of Genetic and Environmental Epidemi-ology, where the research has been performed- a fact linked to the metabolism. We know that women me-tabolize alcohol in a different way and the blood concentration reaches higher levels. Therefore, consum-ing more than two doses might lead to several harmful effects, such as liver diseases or increased risk of certain forms of tumour".
The meta- analysis conducted by the Catholic University found that the protection given by a moderate consumption of alcohol for American men is lower than the one observed for Europeans. For women, instead, the situation is substantially the same both in USA and Europe. An explanation might be found in the different ways in consuming alcohol. Europeans are more inclined to drink wine rather than other beverages and use to do it while having meals. Two habits different from Americans’. In relation to women, the way they consume alcohol is roughly the same in both continents, thus they respond identi-cally. However, the debate is still open and more research is needed.
Another significant data emerging from the study is related to the so called "confounding factors". Dur-ing the past years, it has been thought that the protecting effect of alcohol might be ascribed to other fac-tors. It might be, in fact, that people enjoying alcohol drinks in moderation are more concerned about their own health: it may turn out that they are more likely to do sport or to consume healthier food.
In other words it might be that they have a better lifestyle and this could be the cause, not necessarily al-cohPage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
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