Navigation Links
AIDS can Be Prevented by Using Diaphragm During Intercourse

A clinical trial involving 5,045 women in South Africa and Zimbabwe found no statistical difference in the rate of new HIV infections in the two study arms: those who received a diaphragm plus lubricant along with male condoms for their partners and those who only received male condoms.

In the context of a comprehensive HIV prevention package provided to all participants, the trial found no additional protective benefit against HIV infection from adding the diaphragm plus lubricant in the intervention arm, said the trials lead investigator, Nancy Padian, PhD, director of UCSFs Womens Global Health Imperative.

The study, to be published online in The Lancet, reported an overall HIV incidence rate of 4.0 percent: 4.1 percent in the intervention arm that included provision of diaphragm and lubricant and 3.9 percent in the control arm that included only provision of condoms. Findings also showed 158 new HIV infections in the intervention arm and 151 in the control group.

These results do not support the addition of the diaphragm to current HIV prevention strategies. Condoms remain the only proven barrier method for HIV prevention, said Padian.

All participants in the trial received a comprehensive package of safer-sex and family planning counseling, free male condoms, diagnosis and treatment of curable sexually transmitted infections, and free contraception.

The investigators could not evaluate whether using the diaphragm alone was better than using nothing, because most women in both arms of the trial reported male condom use.

The trial, known at Methods for Improving Reproductive Health in Africa, or MIRA, began in 2003 and was conducted at sites in Harare, Zimbabwe, and Soweto and Durban, South Africa.

The trial was launched because previous data has suggested that the cells in the cervix are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection, and use of a diaphragm presented the potentia l for protection. A flexible, dome-shaped rubber disk, a diaphragm is inserted vaginally with a gel to cover the cervix.


Related medicine news :

1. Pregnancy Complications Could Be Prevented With A Urine Test
2. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Can Be Prevented?
3. Nerve Damage Can Be Prevented By Xenon Administration During Surgery
4. Heart Disease In Women Can Be Prevented By Exercise And Weight Control
5. Did You Know That 50% Of Deaths Due To Cancer, Can be Prevented?
6. Progression Of ALS May Be Prevented By A High Caloric Diet
7. Extra Vaginal Bleed After ‘C’ Section Can be Prevented By Contraceptive Pils
8. Common Falls In Bath Among Older Adults Can Be Prevented
9. Swelling of Prostate Gland Prevented with New drug
10. Cancer Prevented by Diet Low in Protein and Calories
11. Vision Loss Can Be Prevented in People With Diabetes
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... While it’s ... poses a problem. Fortunately, an inventor from Austin, Texas, has identified a solution. , ... medication in darkness or restricted lighting. As such, it eliminates the need to turn ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Pharmacy (SOP) alumni Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, ... guideline updates for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills is ... vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise funds ... by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 a.m. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Talented host, actor Rob Lowe, is introducing ... new episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational program broadcasted on ... subject in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range of technology and ... for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held October 14–18, 2017 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/5/2017)...  In response to the nationwide opioid epidemic, ... (AAOMS) released prescribing recommendations that urge ibuprofen – ... a first-line therapy to manage a patient,s acute ... Recognizing the value and importance of the ... Acute and Postoperative Pain Management" stresses that practitioners ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), influenza vaccination should ... helping communities across Massachusetts , Connecticut ... shots through the end of the month. *Some exclusions apply ... ... is by the end of October, according to the Centers for Disease ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... and Consulting, LLC , and named its founder as ... in Tennessee , will operate under ... EnvoyHealth,s service offerings for health care partners to include ... "In an interoperable world, technology delivers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: