Navigation Links
AIDS can Be Prevented by Using Diaphragm During Intercourse

A clinical trial involving 5,045 women in South Africa and Zimbabwe found no statistical difference in the rate of new HIV infections in the two study arms: those who received a diaphragm plus lubricant along with male condoms for their partners and those who only received male condoms.

In the context of a comprehensive HIV prevention package provided to all participants, the trial found no additional protective benefit against HIV infection from adding the diaphragm plus lubricant in the intervention arm, said the trials lead investigator, Nancy Padian, PhD, director of UCSFs Womens Global Health Imperative.

The study, to be published online in The Lancet, reported an overall HIV incidence rate of 4.0 percent: 4.1 percent in the intervention arm that included provision of diaphragm and lubricant and 3.9 percent in the control arm that included only provision of condoms. Findings also showed 158 new HIV infections in the intervention arm and 151 in the control group.

These results do not support the addition of the diaphragm to current HIV prevention strategies. Condoms remain the only proven barrier method for HIV prevention, said Padian.

All participants in the trial received a comprehensive package of safer-sex and family planning counseling, free male condoms, diagnosis and treatment of curable sexually transmitted infections, and free contraception.

The investigators could not evaluate whether using the diaphragm alone was better than using nothing, because most women in both arms of the trial reported male condom use.

The trial, known at Methods for Improving Reproductive Health in Africa, or MIRA, began in 2003 and was conducted at sites in Harare, Zimbabwe, and Soweto and Durban, South Africa.

The trial was launched because previous data has suggested that the cells in the cervix are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection, and use of a diaphragm presented the potentia l for protection. A flexible, dome-shaped rubber disk, a diaphragm is inserted vaginally with a gel to cover the cervix.




'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Pregnancy Complications Could Be Prevented With A Urine Test
2. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Can Be Prevented?
3. Nerve Damage Can Be Prevented By Xenon Administration During Surgery
4. Heart Disease In Women Can Be Prevented By Exercise And Weight Control
5. Did You Know That 50% Of Deaths Due To Cancer, Can be Prevented?
6. Progression Of ALS May Be Prevented By A High Caloric Diet
7. Extra Vaginal Bleed After ‘C’ Section Can be Prevented By Contraceptive Pils
8. Common Falls In Bath Among Older Adults Can Be Prevented
9. Swelling of Prostate Gland Prevented with New drug
10. Cancer Prevented by Diet Low in Protein and Calories
11. Vision Loss Can Be Prevented in People With Diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... A lot has ... 35 years. A president has access to health and wellness resources most Americans could ... world, no single individual has a schedule as frenetic as the U.S. President. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... growth in the field of long term care. With that, says Patrick Loughney, ... healthcare professionals in administrative roles in long term care environments. His company, which ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Aliso Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... by Pixel Film Studios. The new cartoon style themes are great for showcasing pictures, ... with completely customized scene generators, titles like introductions, lower thirds, transitions and a beautiful ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Fitbody Personal Training offers outdoor training classes ... way to get fit and healthy. Located in Phoenixville, PA, the classes are structured ... designed for horseback riders who want to lose weight and tone up. This class ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... (DMPG) will use the action analytics leader’s population health solutions, MDinsight® and ... clinical support to the Atlanta-area healthcare system. Details of the contract were not ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... Hermann Health System has teamed up with Houston Rockets, ... one-of-a-kind experience to pediatric patients at Children,s Memorial ... video and Google Cardboard, Howard was able to visit ... patients and their families an unexpected, and energetically received, ... video . Memorial Hermann IRONMAN Sports Medicine ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... -- Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ARLZ ) (TSX: ARZ), a ... the Nasdaq Closing Bell at the Nasdaq MarketSite in ... 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February 16, 2016 to ... Adams , will perform the honorary bell ringing ceremony ... A live webcast will be available at: https://new.livestream.com/nasdaq/live ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Maharashtra, February 12, 2016 ... research report titled Chronic Inflammation Global Clinical Trials ... snapshot of the global clinical trials landscape along ... trials by Region, Country (G7 & E7), Trial ... status and reviews top companies involved and enlists ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: