Navigation Links
“Erectile Dysfunction” Drugs Heighten Natural Anti-Cancer Activiy

Sildenafil and other “impotence drugs” that boost the production of a gassy chemical messenger to dilate blood vessels and produce an erection now also show promise in unmasking// cancer cells so that the immune system can recognize and attack them, say scientists at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

Tests at Hopkins on mice with implanted colon and breast tumors showed that tumor size decreased two- and threefold in sildenafil-treated animals, compared to mice that did not get the drug. In mice engineered to lack an immune system, tumors were unaffected, proof of principle, the scientists say, that the drug is abetting the immune system’s own cellular response to cancer.

In a report published in the Nov. 27 issue of the Journal of Experimental Medicine, the Hopkins team says boosted levels of the chemical messenger nitric oxide appear to dampen the effects of a specialized cell that diverts the immune system away from tumors, allowing swarms of cancer-attacking T-cells to migrate to tumor sites in the rodents.

Lab-grown cancer cells treated with sildenafil showed similar results, as did tissue samples taken from 14 head and neck cancer and multiple myeloma patients.

Sildenafil, marketed under the trade name Viagra, is one of a class of drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction in millions of men, and in recent years, its ability to stimulate the production of NO has been investigated by experts in diseases linked to the activity of blood vessels and blood components.

The new Hopkins study homes in on a tactic used by cancers to avoid detection by the immune system by turning elements of that system to its own advantage, says Ivan Borrello, M.D., assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

Borrello and his colleagues found that tumors exploit nitric oxide-producing immune cells to create a sort of “fog” that keeps them hidden from white blood cells (T-cells) that mount attacks on tumors.

These NO-producing cells, a.k.a. myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), normally use nitric oxide to help bring the immune system back down to surveillance levels after an “attack mode” response to foreign material.

The impotence drugs seem to reverse this process, stopping the production of nitric oxide by MDSCs thereby allowing other immune cells to “see” the cancer and attack it, says Paolo Serafini, Ph.D., a research fellow in Borrello’s laboratory and lead author on the paper.

Nitric oxide is infamous among city dwellers as a component of air-polluting smog, but is gaining importance in medical research for its cell-signaling duties and its ability to divert soldiering T-cells that patrol and protect.

The Hopkins team also analyzed gene expression patterns of the myeloid-derived suppressor cells and found that sildenafil blocked two genes regulating enzymes -- arginase and nitric oxide synthase -- which are key to triggering immune suppression via MDSCs. Borrello’s team found that the arginase enzyme, which metabolizes a dietary supplement called L-arginine, also contributes to dampening the immune system through MDSCs much like nitric oxide, and its production can be reversed by sildenafil.

“Impotence drugs won’t cure cancer,” Borello cautioned, “but could be used in addition to standard chemotherapy or immunotherapy treatments.”

The investigators are planning human studies to begin in the next year.

Source-ewswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Lean Protein Could Be Key to Obesity Drugs
2. Life Saving Cancer Drugs – From Chicken! Possible Says Dolly’ Creatos
3. Nasal Spray Could Take Drugs Direct to Brain.
4. Emphasis to ban Drugs ads by Doctors
5. Osteoporosis Drugs: right time to take-off
6. Drugs disrupt formation of blood vessels
7. Drugs to stop burgeon of HIV
8. Misleading Advertisements for Prescription Drugs
9. Drugs For Anthrax May Interfere With Oral Contraceptives
10. Over-The-Counter Drugs May Prevent Alzheimers
11. Steps To Improve Quality Of Plant-Based Drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/30/2016)... ... 30, 2016 , ... Create an abstract shape animation with ... manipulate three-dimensional shapes with ease all within Apple Motion . Users have ... texture animation, opacity texture animation, overall shape texture displacement, twist, camera controls, and ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... Cambridge, MA (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 ... ... non-profit organization, today announced RANKED Health , a program to critically evaluate ... A major goal of the program is to provide independent, unbiased and accurate ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... Montego Bay, Jamaica (PRWEB) , ... April 30, ... ... Caribbean University, and Duane Boise, President and CEO of EMED, today signed a ... in Jamaica. , EMED and the Northern Caribbean University Department of Natural and ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... ... is a challenge for all of us, but there are things we can do to improve ... “Research is showing more and more that there are simple, yet important steps that can be ... Top priorities Dr. Kohli’s recommends for her patients include;, , exercise ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... World Patent Marketing ... Up Springboard, an automotive invention that improves the storage features of a pick ... billion," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent Marketing. "Over ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... , April 29, 2016 ... Directeur Financier Sanofi, leader ... publie ses résultats pour le premier ... Groupe, Jérôme Contamine, commente les résultats ... les perspectives pour le reste de ...
(Date:4/28/2016)...  While Abbott,s announced purchase of St. Jude ... and stent business, healthcare research firm Kalorama Information ... into patient monitoring.  Kalorama said that patient monitoring ... with double-digit growth expected the next 5 years, ... Patient Monitoring . Abbott Laboratories agreed to ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... NEW YORK , April 28, 2016  The ... reached 275 million dollars, according to Kalorama Information and ... includes typing, immunoassays and nucleic acid testing.  The healthcare ... had made progress in developing blood collection stations and ... was made in Kalorama Information,s report, Blood ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: