Navigation Links
Zero tolerance alcohol policy good choice for parents

Restaurants in Germany legally sell alcohol to teenagers after their sixteenth birthdays and French children drink wine with dinner at an early age, but U.S. parents who follow this relaxed European example, believing it fosters a healthier attitude toward alcohol, should be careful -- it may increase the likelihood that their children binge drink in college.

Research conducted by Caitlin Abar, graduate student, human development and family studies and member of Penn State's Prevention Research and Methodology Centers suggested that parents practice a zero-tolerance policy in the home and said that there is no scientific basis to the common belief that prohibiting alcohol turns it into a "forbidden fruit" and encourages abuse. She presented her results at the 2009 meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, D.C. and they appear in the current issue of Addictive Behaviors.

In 31 states, parents can legally serve alcohol to their underage children. Though U.S. teenagers drink less often than adults, they tend to drink more at a time -- on average, five drinks in a sitting -- according to Ralph Hingson of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. About 87 percent of college students try alcohol, and 40 percent say that they regularly engage in some type of binge drinking.

To see if parents permitting underage alcohol use might be an underlying cause of binge drinking, Abar surveyed almost 300 college freshmen and related their drinking habits to their parents' modeling and permissibility of alcohol use. Those students whose parents did not permit them to drink underage -- about half of the group -- were significantly less likely to drink heavily in college, regardless of gender. Moreover, "the greater number of drinks that a parent had set as a limit for the teens, the more often they drank and got drunk in college," said Abar. Whether the parents themselves drank, on the other hand, appeared to have little effect on predicting their children's behaviors when accounting for the permissibility they exhibited toward teen alcohol use.

Further research is needed to confirm the preliminary study, said Abar. For one thing, she did not separate students who specifically drank with their parents at meals from those whose parents allowed their children to drink both inside and outside of the house.

A previous study in 2004 by Kristie Foley, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, North Carolina, showed that teenagers who received alcohol from their parents for parties were up to three times more likely to binge drink within a month, while those who drank only with the family were less likely to binge. So the context in which a parent provides alcohol may be key.

The difference could also be due to some other factor, for example, parents who prohibit their children from drinking may simply provide more structure in general.

However, this sample of college students is not necessarily representative of the entire U.S. population, said Alexander Wagenaar, a social epidemiologist, University of Florida, Gainesville, who has charted the effects of raising the drinking age for nearly three decades. The survey group in Abar's sample was composed almost entirely of white students who lived on campus.

Wagenaar finds the data convincing, though, because previous research uncovered a similar effect in low-income African-American and Hispanic students. A 2007 study of 1,388 children by Kelli Komro, University of Florida, showed that schoolchildren who were permitted alcohol in the home by their parents in sixth grade were up to three times more likely to get drunk and almost twice as likely to drink heavily (five or more drinks) at ages 12-14.


Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Related medicine news :

1. Dendritic cells ensure immune tolerance
2. Exposure to Peanuts May Build Tolerance to Allergy
3. Studies show children can complete treatment for peanut allergies and achieve long-term tolerance
4. Internet, tolerance spark change in urban gay communities
5. African Americans at Risk for Low Calcium Intake - New Survey Finds Those Experiencing Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance May be Sidelining Dairy in Their Diets
6. From Kent Hill, USAID Assistant Administrator for Global Health on the Observance of International Day of Zero Tolerance
7. Blocking Potent Oxidant Could Prevent Morphine Tolerance
8. Video and Photo: Tasigna(R) Receives US Approval Providing New Hope to Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients With Resistance or Intolerance to Existing Therapies
9. Alcohol advertising self-regulation not working, as ads target younger drinkers
10. Alcohol, Cigarettes and Diabetes Up Colorectal Cancer Risk
11. Alcohol and smoking are key causes for bowel cancer
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... Fla. (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... number of leadless pacemakers in the U.S. and is the only hospital in ... from the largest clinical data presentation of transcatheter pacing patients were revealed recently ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Growth in medical payments per workers’ ... in utilization of hospital and nonhospital care, according to a recent study by the ... Louisiana, 16th Edition , found medical payments per claim with more than seven days ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... It’s official: Tattoo taboo is ... a number even greater among Millennials (a whopping one in three aged 18 to ... people who are dissatisfied with their ink. In fact, RealSelf , the world’s ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... For many X-rays taken at ... accurate interpretation by the radiologist. The marking utensils are so small, however, they ... found a way to alleviate this problem. , He developed the patent-pending MARK ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... it has been selected as a finalist in this year’s Fierce Innovation Awards: ... Next IT Healthcare was recognized as a finalist in the category of Digital ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Dec. 1, 2015 As enforcement of the ... Security Act (DSCSA) approaches, InfiniTrak announced ... pharmacies comply with looming FDA regulations. ... entering endorsement agreements with State Pharmacy Associations, an ... organization (PSAO) to exclusively provide the InfiniTrak track-and-trace ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... CLEVELAND , Dec. 1, 2015   ... innovation firm, today announced the publication of a ... Entering the Direct-to-Consumer Medical Market". The whitepaper gives ... roadmap for successfully penetrating this lucrative segment. ... purchase healthcare products to manage their own health, ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 --> --> ... Market by Type of Drug (Monoclonal Antibodies, Interferon-Alpha, Interleukins, Vaccines, ... Pipeline Analysis - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... 73,529.2 Million by 2020 from USD 40,281.6 Million in 2015, ... Browse 37 market data T ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: