Navigation Links
Zero tolerance alcohol policy good choice for parents
Date:6/10/2009

Restaurants in Germany legally sell alcohol to teenagers after their sixteenth birthdays and French children drink wine with dinner at an early age, but U.S. parents who follow this relaxed European example, believing it fosters a healthier attitude toward alcohol, should be careful -- it may increase the likelihood that their children binge drink in college.

Research conducted by Caitlin Abar, graduate student, human development and family studies and member of Penn State's Prevention Research and Methodology Centers suggested that parents practice a zero-tolerance policy in the home and said that there is no scientific basis to the common belief that prohibiting alcohol turns it into a "forbidden fruit" and encourages abuse. She presented her results at the 2009 meeting of the Society for Prevention Research, Washington, D.C. and they appear in the current issue of Addictive Behaviors.

In 31 states, parents can legally serve alcohol to their underage children. Though U.S. teenagers drink less often than adults, they tend to drink more at a time -- on average, five drinks in a sitting -- according to Ralph Hingson of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. About 87 percent of college students try alcohol, and 40 percent say that they regularly engage in some type of binge drinking.

To see if parents permitting underage alcohol use might be an underlying cause of binge drinking, Abar surveyed almost 300 college freshmen and related their drinking habits to their parents' modeling and permissibility of alcohol use. Those students whose parents did not permit them to drink underage -- about half of the group -- were significantly less likely to drink heavily in college, regardless of gender. Moreover, "the greater number of drinks that a parent had set as a limit for the teens, the more often they drank and got drunk in college," said Abar. Whether the parents themselves drank, on the other hand, appeared to have little effect on predicting their children's behaviors when accounting for the permissibility they exhibited toward teen alcohol use.

Further research is needed to confirm the preliminary study, said Abar. For one thing, she did not separate students who specifically drank with their parents at meals from those whose parents allowed their children to drink both inside and outside of the house.

A previous study in 2004 by Kristie Foley, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, North Carolina, showed that teenagers who received alcohol from their parents for parties were up to three times more likely to binge drink within a month, while those who drank only with the family were less likely to binge. So the context in which a parent provides alcohol may be key.

The difference could also be due to some other factor, for example, parents who prohibit their children from drinking may simply provide more structure in general.

However, this sample of college students is not necessarily representative of the entire U.S. population, said Alexander Wagenaar, a social epidemiologist, University of Florida, Gainesville, who has charted the effects of raising the drinking age for nearly three decades. The survey group in Abar's sample was composed almost entirely of white students who lived on campus.

Wagenaar finds the data convincing, though, because previous research uncovered a similar effect in low-income African-American and Hispanic students. A 2007 study of 1,388 children by Kelli Komro, University of Florida, showed that schoolchildren who were permitted alcohol in the home by their parents in sixth grade were up to three times more likely to get drunk and almost twice as likely to drink heavily (five or more drinks) at ages 12-14.


'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Dendritic cells ensure immune tolerance
2. Exposure to Peanuts May Build Tolerance to Allergy
3. Studies show children can complete treatment for peanut allergies and achieve long-term tolerance
4. Internet, tolerance spark change in urban gay communities
5. African Americans at Risk for Low Calcium Intake - New Survey Finds Those Experiencing Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance May be Sidelining Dairy in Their Diets
6. From Kent Hill, USAID Assistant Administrator for Global Health on the Observance of International Day of Zero Tolerance
7. Blocking Potent Oxidant Could Prevent Morphine Tolerance
8. Video and Photo: Tasigna(R) Receives US Approval Providing New Hope to Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Patients With Resistance or Intolerance to Existing Therapies
9. Alcohol advertising self-regulation not working, as ads target younger drinkers
10. Alcohol, Cigarettes and Diabetes Up Colorectal Cancer Risk
11. Alcohol and smoking are key causes for bowel cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... Flottman Company ... outserts. As a means of expanding capabilities Flottman has added a G&K ... individually code professional inserts (PIs) and patient package inserts (PPIs) that will marry ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... Hills, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 09, 2016 ... ... for young adults, celebrated its 10th anniversary with the grand opening of the ... California. The successful event spanned two days, December 2-3, and was attended by ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... Fort Lee, NJ (PRWEB) , ... December 09, ... ... the 2016 Founders Ball at The Pierre Hotel in New York, NY, on ... 700 friends, benefactors, dignitaries and physicians attended the annual event, which raised over ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... December 09, 2016 , ... The Pennsylvania Athletic ... (PCN) during the summer of 2016. The program was made possible by a ... States Department of Health and Human Services Administration. The broadcast, Use Your ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... After ... officially opened registration today for its 33rd Annual Issues & Research Conference, ... , The theme of the conference is “Persistent Challenges and New Opportunities: Using ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)... , Dec. 9, 2016 Department of Health ... regulations for medical marijuana dispensaries under Act 16 are ... , and are now available online . ... in the plan for operation; process for dispensing medical ... well as where the dispensary facilities can be located," ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Australia Glaucoma ... GlobalData,s new report, "Australia Glaucoma Surgery Devices ... on the Australia Glaucoma Surgery Devices market. The ... volume (in units) and average prices (USD) within ... report also provides company shares and distribution shares ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... KEY FINDINGS North America ... 2016 and is expected to continue in the near ... number of surgical procedures that are taking place in ... patient temperature management market.) Patient warming and cooling devices ... during surgeries, lowering the risks of neurological disorders post ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: