Navigation Links
ZIP codes and property values predict obesity rates
Date:8/28/2007

Neighborhood property values predict local obesity rates better than education or incomes, according to a study from the University of Washington being published online this week by the journal Social Science and Medicine. For each additional $100,000 in the median price of homes, UW researchers found, obesity rates in a given ZIP code dropped by 2 percent.

The study, based on analyses of responses to a telephone survey conducted in King County by the local health department and the federal Centers for Disease Control, found six-fold disparities in obesity rates across the Seattle metropolitan area. Obesity rates reached 30 percent in the most deprived areas but were only around 5 percent in the most affluent ZIP codes.

"Obesity is an economic issue, said Dr. Adam Drewnowski, director of the UW Center for Obesity Research and leader of the study. Knowing more about the geography of obesity will allow us to identify the most vulnerable neighborhoods.

Working with the local health agency, Public Health-Seattle & King County, the researchers aggregated multiple-year data from Washington state's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to analyze data for more than 8,000 respondents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention use the same data to map rising obesity rates in the United States at the state level. However, unlike most states, Washington codes the BRFSS data by the respondents ZIP code, which permits more detailed analyses of local obesity rates at a finer geographic scale. Other information about the ZIP code areas was provided by data from the U.S. Census.

Residential property values were used as a proxy measure of ZIP code socioeconomic status. Incomes are not the same as assets and wealth, said Drewnowski. The chief financial asset for most Americans is their home.

Area prosperity can also be a good predictor of access to healthy foods, or opportunities for exercise.

The UW study was the first to examine obesity rates by area-based indexes of poverty and wealth across a metropolitan area. Previous studies have found higher obesity rates among racial and ethnic minorities and groups of lower education and incomes. Analyses of the same BRFSS data for King County showed that obesity rates were higher for African-Americans (26 percent) than for whites (16 percent), and were higher for people with annual incomes below $15,000 (20 percent) than for those with incomes above $50,000 (15 percent), all consistent with national trends. These disparities were much lower than those dependent on ZIP codes and geographic location. The study concluded that social and economic disparities were more important in predicting obesity than previously thought.

Well-known maps of rising obesity rates in the United States, also based on BRFSS data, showed only small differences among the poorest and the richest states.

Those maps were used to support that argument that the obesity epidemic did not discriminate," said Drewnowski. "Our research shows that geography, social class, and economic standing all play huge roles in the obesity problem. Some of the most disadvantaged areas -- those hardest hit by low income, low education, and low property values -- are also the ones most affected by the obesity epidemic."


'/>"/>
Contact: Justin Reedy
jreedy@u.washington.edu
206-685-0382
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Bar Codes For Prescribed Drugs
2. Barcodes to become newborns ID
3. Fruits And Vegetables Have Arthritis Risk Reducing Property
4. Cancer-causing Property Of Teflon Leaves US Regulators Concerned
5. Opposition against Amendments in the Intellectual Property Law
6. Warfarin’s Anti-clotting Property May Cause Hemorrhagic Stroke
7. Reflecting On Personal Values Can Lower Stress Responses
8. Mental Health Package Regrettably Undervalues the Role of the GP
9. Virus Level could Predict Cervical Cancer Risk
10. Long-Term Survival can be Predicted by a Simple Lung Test
11. White Cells Count Can Predict Heart Attack Death Risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... Rey, CA (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 ... ... its customizable coding audit software solution, iCode Assurance, at HCCA’s 21st annual Compliance ... optimizes and accelerates the coding audit process for all medical chart types with ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... “Wounded Woman ... “Wounded Woman Be Ye Healed-Passing On A Legacy” is the creation of published author, ... founder of Comfortbearers grief ministry. She has been happily married to her husband, ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “A Respectful Response To Atheist Manifesto”: theological ... Manifesto” is the creation of published author Richard Hostetter, a former missionary in ... holds graduate degrees from Kent State University and the University of Ghana. , ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... the publication of “Profiling protein expression in circulating tumor cells using microfluidic western ... the use of the Vortex technology to capture CTCs and a ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... technologies and development solutions for drugs, biologics and consumer health products, today announced ... BioPharma Asia Convention, currently taking place at the Suntec Singapore International Exhibition & ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... Mass. , March 23, 2017 Merrimack ... enrollment of its first patient in a Phase 1 ... antibody-directed nanotherapeutic (ADN) that encapsulates a novel taxane and ... is overexpressed in 50-100% of many major tumor types, ... "The initiation of this study is an ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 Global Colposcope Market ... on the Colposcope in Global market, especially in North ... Asia-Pacific , South America , ... report categorizes the market based on manufacturers, regions, type and application. ... Browse 190 Tables ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 NeuroVive Pharmaceutical AB (Nasdaq ... that the English version of the Annual report for 2016 ... ... NeuroVive NeuroVive Pharmaceutical AB is a leader in ... development of medicines that preserve mitochondrial integrity and function in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: