Navigation Links
Youth baseball throwing arm injuries are rising dramatically
Date:3/10/2010

Throwing arm injuries are on the rise in Little League and other youth baseball programs. After these injuries occur, many players are out for the season; others require surgery and must refrain from play for an even longer duration; still others sustain injuries so severe that they cause permanent damage and are unable to continue playing baseball.

Three new studies presented today at the at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) address this critical issue, each offering new solutions to help prevent these injuries.

Five-minute stretch after play can help young players avoid throwing-arm pain

Pitchers and catchers under the age of 15 often experience tightness of a shoulder ligament known as the posterior-inferior glenohumeral ligament. If this ligament is not stretched, it will become increasingly tighter and more prone to pain or injury as the player ages, if that player continues to play baseball.

A study of 1,267 youth baseball players, led by Charles Metzger, MD, an orthopaedic surgeon specializing in upper extremities in Houston, Texas, found that a simple stretch known as the posterior capsular stretch can help.

"A posterior capsular stretch is done after play and since it is different from the general stretches players already know, it must be taught," says Dr. Metzger. "Once learned, however, it is very simple, and takes only five minutes to complete. Nearly 97 percent of young players who performed the stretch properly and consistently reported shoulder improvement."

Dr. Metzger supports Safe Throw, an injury-prevention and rapid return-to-play program. Instructions and diagrams showing how to perform the posterior capsular stretch can be found on www.safethrow.com.

Twenty-five percent of young players experience elbow pain; pitchers have highest rate of osteochondral lesions

The elbow is the most frequently reported area of overuse injury in child and adolescent baseball players. One type of overuse includes osteochondral lesions, which are tears or fractures in the cartilage and underlying bone, covering the elbow joint.

In a study led by Tetsuya Matsuura, MD, Department of Orthopedics, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Institute of Health Bioscience in Tokushima, Japan, 152 baseball players were observed (ranging in age from 8 to12) for one season to study the injury incidence in relation to their playing positions. These players had no history of problematic elbow pain.

The results were as follows:

  • 38 players, or 25 percent complained of elbow pain;
  • of these 38 players, 26 (68.4 percent) had limitations of range of motion and/or tenderness on the elbow, and/or valgus stress pain (a stressful force placed upon the ligaments on the inner side of the elbow joint); and
  • Of those 26 players, 22 (84.6 percent) had osteochondral lesions, including:

    • 12 pitchers (54.6 percent)
    • 6 catchers (27.3 percent)
    • 3 infielders (13.6 percent)
    • 1 outfielder (4.5 percent).

Dr. Matsuura concluded, "Twenty-five percent of child and adolescent baseball players have elbow pain and nearly 15 percent sustain osteochodral lesions per year and pitchers have the highest rate of osteochondral lesions. If overuse injuries such as osteochrondral lesions occur, prompt diagnosis and treatment can prevent this injury from causing long-term damage. Better awareness and education among parents, players and especially coaches about risk factors can help prevent these injuries."

Reviewing and adhering to youth baseball throwing guidelines can help prevent injury

In another presentation, led by George A. Paletta, Jr., MD, an orthopaedic surgeon at the Orthopedic Center of St. Louis and Medical Director/Head Team Physician of the St. Louis Cardinals, discussed the increase in elbow injuries of young baseball players, including the increasing number of ligament reconstruction or "Tommy John" procedures performed.

Despite these increases, Dr. Paletta says there are identifiable and controllable risk factors of which young athletes, parents and coaches should be aware, to help reduce injury.

"A young athlete should never throw through pain or continue to pitch when he or she is obviously fatigued," says Dr. Paletta. "Additionally, parents should familiarize themselves with the recommended single game, weekly and season total pitch counts, suggested recovery times, and recommended ages for learning various pitches."

Dr. Paletta stresses that there must be a greater focus on education and research in this area, or more young baseball players will sustain serious injury.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristina K. Findlay
findlay@aaos.org
847-384-4034
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. More than two-thirds of sexually active NYC youth use condoms, but other forms of birth control lag
2. Study documents rapid increase in youth bipolar disorder diagnoses
3. Rates of bipolar diagnosis in youth rapidly climbing, treatment patterns similar to adults
4. Youth Drug Use at a Five Year Low, New Survey Shows
5. Jump in Youth Suicide Prompts National Childrens Charity KidsPeace to Issue Tips on Prevention, Warning Signs
6. ARIZONA METH PROJECT Unveils Arizonas Anti-Meth Youth Pledge and Kicks Off Phase Two of Public Awareness Campaign
7. $8,000 Winning Bids at Governors Livestock Auction to Benefit College-Bound Youth and Homeless
8. Nourishment Is Essential to a Youthful Appearance. Time to Feed Your Face with Serum_G
9. Prime Access Creates Groundbreaking Ads Targeting Urban Teens for the White Houses National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign
10. Safe Blood for Africa Foundations African Club 25 Greatly Reducing HIV Infections in African Youth
11. Victims of child maltreatment more likely to perpetrate youth violence, intimate partner violence
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Center for Autism and Related ... autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Beginning Jan. 1, 2016, Medicaid is covering autism treatment ... is key to providing effective treatment for individuals with ASD. Now, over 1,800 ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... February 09, 2016 , ... Cirracore Enterprise Cloud, ... move workloads to the cloud. Cirracore provides a secure VMware® vCloud Air ... the Internet. Transformation Solutions (TSL Partners) provides a full range of services ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... ... Journal of Pain Research has published the commentary “ Terminology of chronic ... John F. Peppin says “Terminology matters, yet little attention has been paid to the ... pain’ and ‘chronic non-cancer pain’ are replete in the literature; however, the distinction here ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 09, 2016 , ... ... therapy products, announced today the introduction of the newly designed, innovative shoulder wrap. ... and better cold therapy coverage for the injured arm and shoulder to promote ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Shark Finds and Kevin Harrington, and the Product Managers of AsSeenOnTV.pro ... is a newly patented product that has solved some of the basic problems golfers have ... morning dew or right after a rain shower, might understand the struggle of placing the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... -- Hearing protection devices refer to the barriers that ... inner ear. Hearing protection devices include earplugs, uniform attenuation ... for users exposed to noise levels of over 80 ... are inserted in the ear canal to protect the ... natural sound perception with the help of acoustic filters. ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 9, 2016  Increasingly, health ... monitoring their vital signs with wireless technology. With the ... can automate patient oversight and remotely detect problems before ... vital signs across in-hospital environments. the ... the United States . --> ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... new report "Global Anti-Bacterial Drugs Market Assessment & Forecast: 2015 - ... the North America continued to lead global ... translated into revenues worth US$ 16,907.3 million. ... Asia-Pacific , Latin America , ... anti-bacterial market is inclined towards North America ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: