Navigation Links
Young black athletes with sickle cell trait might be susceptible to sudden death
Date:4/3/2011

The sickle cell trait could be a causealbeit rareof sudden death in young African-American competitive athletes, most commonly during football training, according to a scientific poster that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions, April 1-3, in New Orleans.

The sickle cell trait (SCT), which affects approximately 8 percent of African-Americans in the U.S., has been associated with sudden death in military recruits undergoing vigorous exercise. Due to the potential hypothesis that SCT may also cause sudden death in young highly trained athletes during physical activity, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has recently made screening of athletes for SCT mandatory for all Division I athletes prior to their participation in college athletics.

However, Kevin M. Harris, MD, co-director of the Acute Aortic Dissection Program and director of the echocardiography laboratory at the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis, pointed out that there are little data available documenting cases of SCT-related sudden death in athletes.

"Originally, the sickle cell trait was considered a benign condition," said Harris, who is the study's lead author. "However, studies began to demonstrate that in extreme physical situations, such as military recruit training, some individuals with SCT can be at risk for dying suddenly. Then, we began to see the same occurrences in athletes."

Therefore, Harris and colleagues accessed the 30-year U.S. National Registry of Sudden Death in Athletes, which is maintained by the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, in order to determine the frequency and profile of SCT deaths.

Of the 2,387 deaths recorded in the registry, 22 of the athletes who died had SCT15 of whom SCT was considered the primary cause of death (or approximately 1 percent). Of those who died, the athletes were approximately 18.5 years of age, all were African-American and 20 were male.

All the athletes died during physical exertion including practice (21 individual) or a game (one individual). Of the 22 SCT deaths, 18 were engaged in football, three in basketball and one in track. Eleven athletes incurred rhabdomyolysis as a complication of SCT.

Interestingly, only one of these events occurred at high altitude, even though it has been considered a predictor of sudden death among individuals with SCT. However, environmental conditions, such as heat or humidity and dehydration could not be excluded as contributing factors, underscoring the importance of "water breaks for young athletes," Harris said. "Particularly, if an athlete is identified as having SCT, proper precautions need to be taken, and the coaching staff should be made aware."

"These data also underscore the prudence of recent initiatives for pre-participation screening to prospectively identify sickle cell trait in athletes," the study authors concluded.


'/>"/>

Contact: Meghan Bethke
mbethke@mhif.org
612-863-5410
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Tips for Keeping Young Athletes Safe
2. Pediatrics Group Offers Guidelines to Keep Young Campers Safe, Healthy
3. For Young Kids With Pneumonia, Timing of Antibiotic Critical: Study
4. Pilot study examines stress, anxiety and needs of young women with a unique breast cancer
5. Younger, Poorer People More Prone to Problem Gambling
6. Death Rates of Children, Young Adults Show Reversal
7. Young asthmatics are leaving emergency rooms missing critical documentation
8. ESCEO Young Investigators Awards presented at ECCEO11-IOF in Valencia
9. Pressure to Look Young May Be Sending More Men to Plastic Surgeons
10. Anti-Drug Message May Reach Young Girls, But Not Older Ones
11. Rat Study Sheds Light on How Alcohol Affects Young Brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... May 02, 2016 , ... Advanced Spine ... fluid/“stem cells” and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) injections. “These are becoming the ‘go-to’ ... Baranski, D.C., of Advanced Spine & Sport Medical. “We are very excited to ...
(Date:5/1/2016)... ... May 01, 2016 , ... Women's Excellence in Wellness, powered ... taught by Patti Dolan, a Young Living Gold Member. , The class will be ... followed by a small intro to the Oils that can benefit participant's yoga practice, ...
(Date:5/1/2016)... ... 2016 , ... ProBrand Reveal Volume 2 is a set of versatile and smooth logo reveals ... animations, users can easily create a unique logo reveal in just a matter of minutes. ... Use these title presets to add a uniquely animated logo to any photos or videos. ...
(Date:5/1/2016)... ... May 01, 2016 , ... Good Circle Insurance Agency ... of chiropractic help. The agency offers a verity of health, life and injury policies ... to Chris Nelson at the firm, “Many insurance plans don’t cover chiropractic care, so ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... April 30, 2016 , ... Create an abstract shape animation ... and manipulate three-dimensional shapes with ease all within Apple Motion . Users ... polygon texture animation, opacity texture animation, overall shape texture displacement, twist, camera controls, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... 28, 2016   Acsis , a leading provider ... IT market research and advisory firm IDC has named ... MarketScape: Worldwide Pharmaceutical Track and Trace Software 2016 Vendor ... an assessment of the capabilities and business strategies of ... market. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160427/360791LOGO ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ) announced today ... quarter ended March 26, 2016.  GAAP diluted earnings ... non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.47 increased 14.6%.  Revenue ... basis, and 6.3% on a constant currency basis.  ... highlighted by 14.6% growth in non-GAAP EPS," said ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... , April 27, 2016 ... accelerator (MR-linac) platform will be the focal point of ... of the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology, taking ... MR-linac integrates a state-of-the-art radiotherapy system and a high-field ... to clearly see the patient,s anatomy in real time. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: