Navigation Links
Young black athletes with sickle cell trait might be susceptible to sudden death
Date:4/3/2011

The sickle cell trait could be a causealbeit rareof sudden death in young African-American competitive athletes, most commonly during football training, according to a scientific poster that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions, April 1-3, in New Orleans.

The sickle cell trait (SCT), which affects approximately 8 percent of African-Americans in the U.S., has been associated with sudden death in military recruits undergoing vigorous exercise. Due to the potential hypothesis that SCT may also cause sudden death in young highly trained athletes during physical activity, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has recently made screening of athletes for SCT mandatory for all Division I athletes prior to their participation in college athletics.

However, Kevin M. Harris, MD, co-director of the Acute Aortic Dissection Program and director of the echocardiography laboratory at the Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital in Minneapolis, pointed out that there are little data available documenting cases of SCT-related sudden death in athletes.

"Originally, the sickle cell trait was considered a benign condition," said Harris, who is the study's lead author. "However, studies began to demonstrate that in extreme physical situations, such as military recruit training, some individuals with SCT can be at risk for dying suddenly. Then, we began to see the same occurrences in athletes."

Therefore, Harris and colleagues accessed the 30-year U.S. National Registry of Sudden Death in Athletes, which is maintained by the Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, in order to determine the frequency and profile of SCT deaths.

Of the 2,387 deaths recorded in the registry, 22 of the athletes who died had SCT15 of whom SCT was considered the primary cause of death (or approximately 1 percent). Of those who died, the athletes were approximately 18.5 years of age, all were African-American and 20 were male.

All the athletes died during physical exertion including practice (21 individual) or a game (one individual). Of the 22 SCT deaths, 18 were engaged in football, three in basketball and one in track. Eleven athletes incurred rhabdomyolysis as a complication of SCT.

Interestingly, only one of these events occurred at high altitude, even though it has been considered a predictor of sudden death among individuals with SCT. However, environmental conditions, such as heat or humidity and dehydration could not be excluded as contributing factors, underscoring the importance of "water breaks for young athletes," Harris said. "Particularly, if an athlete is identified as having SCT, proper precautions need to be taken, and the coaching staff should be made aware."

"These data also underscore the prudence of recent initiatives for pre-participation screening to prospectively identify sickle cell trait in athletes," the study authors concluded.


'/>"/>

Contact: Meghan Bethke
mbethke@mhif.org
612-863-5410
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Tips for Keeping Young Athletes Safe
2. Pediatrics Group Offers Guidelines to Keep Young Campers Safe, Healthy
3. For Young Kids With Pneumonia, Timing of Antibiotic Critical: Study
4. Pilot study examines stress, anxiety and needs of young women with a unique breast cancer
5. Younger, Poorer People More Prone to Problem Gambling
6. Death Rates of Children, Young Adults Show Reversal
7. Young asthmatics are leaving emergency rooms missing critical documentation
8. ESCEO Young Investigators Awards presented at ECCEO11-IOF in Valencia
9. Pressure to Look Young May Be Sending More Men to Plastic Surgeons
10. Anti-Drug Message May Reach Young Girls, But Not Older Ones
11. Rat Study Sheds Light on How Alcohol Affects Young Brain
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Aesthetic Channel has recently highlighted Dr. Ben Talei’s unique ... a proprietary technique that he calls the AuraLyft Facelift. The AuraLyft does ... patients can expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and revitalized. , Dr. Talei’s unique ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Beach, FL (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... in Pinecrest, Florida. This is MD Now’s 28th facility overall and marks the urgent ... Dixie Highway, located one mile North of The Falls shopping mall. The new clinic ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... on 26th June, 2017 from 9 am to 3 pm to present to graduate ... The program is an original curriculum project led by The Health Improvement Service ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Radabaugh & Associates, a locally owned firm ... in North Central West Virginia, is embarking on a cooperative charity drive with ... the region. , The Stepping Stones organization offers a series of personal development ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... United Benefit Advisors (UBA), the ... Company as its newest Partner Firm. Headquartered in Coconut Creek, Florida, Whipple & ... tailoring optimized benefit packages that strengthen the relationship between employer and employee. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/9/2017)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June 9, 2017 ... with diabetes. In a further effort to help spread ... by this condition, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and ... have come together for the second phase of the ... programme (BRIDGES 2), reaffirming their commitment to helping people ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... June 7, 2017  Novavax, Inc., (Nasdaq: NVAX ... Phase 2 trials of its RSV F protein recombinant nanoparticle ... age have been published in the journal Vaccine ... shared in prior scientific conferences). The Company previously announced ... Novavax is developing the RSV F Vaccine with the goal ...
(Date:6/2/2017)... Mass. , June 2, 2017  NxStage Medical, ... renal care, today announced new findings demonstrating positive biochemical ... ® System One™. The data will be presented ... in Madrid, Spain . ... to Improve Home Dialysis Network in Europe ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: