Navigation Links
York physicists offer novel insight into experimental cancer treatment
Date:7/15/2013

Physicists from the University of York have carried out new research into how the heating effect of an experimental cancer treatment works.

Magnetic hyperthermia is viewed as an attractive approach for the treatment of certain cancers as it has no known side effects compared to more conventional therapies such as chemotherapy. It is particularly suitable for the treatment of prostate cancer and brain tumours. However, until now there has been no clear theoretical understanding of how it actually works.

Treatment by magnetic hyperthermia involves injecting magnetic nanoparticles directly into a tumour then placing the patient in a machine which produces an alternating magnetic field. The nanoparticles oscillate and heat is produced inside the tumour tissue. When the temperature rises above 42C cells begin to die. This heating process has been demonstrated to reduce tumour size.

The study, by researchers from the University of York's Department of Physics and Liquids Research Ltd, of Bangor, North Wales, showed that the amount of heat generated by magnetic nanoparticles can be understood when both the physical and hydrodynamic size distributions for the samples are known to high accuracy.

The results of the study are published in the Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics as a fast track communication.

Lead author Dr Gonzalo Vallejo-Fernandez, from York's Department of Physics, said: "While clinical trials have shown the potential of magnetic nanoparticles for cancer treatment, the mechanisms by which the heat is generated have not been fully understood. This understanding is critical to produce particles with optimised properties for specific applications at minimal dose."

Previously the heat generated was impossible to predict as several mechanisms were involved. The new work has identified and quantified the mechanisms so that work can now begin to determine the dosage required for effective treatment.

Dr Vallejo-Fernandez said: "Through our study we have produced the first comprehensive assessment of how the heating effect in magnetic hyperthermia works. We are now in a position where we can do further work to calculate accurately the dose of magnetic nanoparticles and length of treatment required."

For the study, the researchers used magnetic nanoparticles produced by a new technique by Liquids Research Ltd, which was developed under the EU project MULTIFUN (Multifunctional Nanotechnology for Selective Detection and Treatment of Cancer). The nanoparticles are very uniform in size and well separated, which enabled detailed experiments to be performed which broadly confirmed the accuracy of the calculations.

Dr Vijay Patel, Director of Liquids Research Ltd, said: "The development of this new theory coincided with our work on the new process to fabricate the nanoparticles enabling us to 'design' almost ideal particles for this application."


'/>"/>

Contact: Caron Lett
caron.lett@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22029
University of York
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Seeing is believing: Biologists and physicists produce revealing images of cell organization, behavior
2. Experts Offer Advice After Yankee Pitchers Trampoline Injury
3. Mayo Clinic offers newly approved treatment for acid reflux disease
4. Here Are Fruits, Veggies That Offer Best Bang for Your Buck
5. Wilderness Medicine founder offers health tips for summer season
6. Ice Cream Headaches Might Offer Clues to Migraines
7. Botox Offers Little Relief for Migraine, Study Finds
8. Novel drug candidates offer new route to controlling inflammation
9. Prosthetic retina offers simple solution to restoring sight
10. Study Offers Ways to Decrease Use of Restraints at Nursing Homes
11. Cabazitaxel can offer an advantage in certain patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The International Association of Eating ... excellence for the field of eating disorders, announces the opening of early registration ... Orlando, Florida at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. , The annual ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hannah Randall, PharmD ‘17, and Jennifer Huggins, PharmD ’17, along with clinical ... the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases during the 15th Annual Women’s Health ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... CT (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... long-term care services, staged a mock evacuation of the facility as part of a ... Shelton Fire Department, Echo Hose EMS and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) ... a collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, this holiday-themed ... and wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be open Saturday, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids Fun Run brought out ... free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, is aimed at getting ... children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, which is all about ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)...   West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. (NYSE: WST), ... administration, today shared the results of a study highlighting ... intradermal administration of polio vaccines. The study results were ... 2017 by Dr. Ondrej Mach , Clinical Trials ... (WHO), and recently published in the journal Vaccine. ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), influenza vaccination should ... helping communities across Massachusetts , Connecticut ... shots through the end of the month. *Some exclusions apply ... ... is by the end of October, according to the Centers for Disease ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... , Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, ... formed by Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager Prime Therapeutics ... new brand, which included the unveiling of new signage ... , as well as at a few other company-owned ... new brand to patients, some of whom will begin ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: