Navigation Links
Workplace bullying is associated with sleep disturbances
Date:9/1/2009

Westchester, Ill. A study in the Sept.1 issue of the journal SLEEP shows that current or past exposure to workplace bullying is associated with increased sleep disturbances. Associations also were found between observed bullying and sleep disruption, indicating that bullying has detrimental effects even when it is experienced indirectly.

The study shows a high prevalence of workplace bullying, with 11 percent of women and nine percent of men experiencing "hostile behavior" in the work environment at least weekly and for at least six months during the previous 12 months. After adjustment for covariates such as age, occupation, weekly work hours and depressive symptoms, exposure to bullying was significantly associated with self-reported sleep disturbances. The adjusted odds ratio of having disturbed sleep was more than two times higher in men who currently were experiencing workplace bullying (OR=2.29) or had been exposed to daily or almost daily bullying (OR=2.39); women were nearly two times more likely to report having sleep disturbances if they had experienced daily or almost daily bullying (OR=1.73) or had been exposed to bullying for more than five years (OR=1.87).

Thirty-two percent of women and 31 percent of men also reported that they had observed bullying in the workplace in the previous 12 months. The adjusted odds ratio of having disturbed sleep was 60 percent higher in men and twenty percent higher in women who only observed bullying, and it was more than two times higher in men (OR=2.38) and nearly two times higher in women (OR=1.81) who both observed and experienced bullying. .

Principal investigator Isabelle Niedhammer, PhD, epidemiologist and researcher at the UCD School of Public Health & Population Science at the University College Dublin in Ireland, said that exposure to any form of violence or harassment at the workplace may strongly increase the risk of having sleep disturbances.

"Workplace bullying may be considered as one of the leading job stressors and would be a major cause of suicide and other health-related issues," said Niedhammer. "Our study underlines the need to better understand and prevent occupational risk factors, such as bullying, for sleep disorders."

-more-

The cross-sectional survey was performed in 2004 among the general working population in the southeast of France. The study population was a random sample of 3,132 men and 4,562 women with a mean age of 40 years. Workplace bullying was evaluated using the French version of the Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror, which measures the experience of 45 forms of bullying. Participants also reported whether or not they perceived themselves as being exposed to "hostile behavior on the part of one or more persons in the work environment that aim continually and repeatedly to offend, oppress, maltreat, or to exclude or isolate over a long period of time."

Sleep disturbances - defined as either trouble initiating sleep or trouble returning to sleep after a premature awakening were reported by a self-administered questionnaire. Results indicate that 22.3 percent of women and 17.08 percent of men reported having "some or a great deal of trouble" sleeping.

According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the presence of a sleep disturbance in association with an identifiable stressor is the essential feature of adjustment insomnia. Common stressors include occupational stress and disputes in interpersonal relationships. The sleep disturbance may be accompanied by waking symptoms such as anxiety, worry, depression, muscle tension and headaches. Typically adjustment insomnia has a short course that lasts no more than three months, but the sleep disturbance may persist if the precipitating stressor fails to resolve or if the individual is unable to adapt to a chronic stressor. Among adults the one-year prevalence of adjustment insomnia is likely to be in the range of 15 percent to 20 percent.

The authors caution that the cross-sectional design of the study did not allow them to evaluate causality. They conclude, however, that the association between workplace bullying and sleep disturbances is strong, and efforts to prevent bullying in the work environment should be increased.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kelly Wagner
kwagner@aasmnet.org
708-492-0930
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Nationally Recognized by BusinessWeek and AARP for Creating a Unique Workplace Environment for New and Mature Employees
2. SAE International Recognized for Workplace Wellness
3. New Website Contributes to Healthy Workplace Culture
4. Steelcase Unveils the Walkstation to Bring Healthy Habits to The Workplace
5. Arthritis Takes Major Toll on Workplace
6. Employees with workplace flexibility have healthier lifestyle habits
7. Pregnancy-Friendly Workplace Is Key to Retaining Skilled Workers
8. Workplace opportunities and stresses are both increasing
9. Workplace Flexibility Can Boost Healthy Behaviors
10. Smoke-Free Workplace Laws, Cigarette Taxes on the Rise
11. 75 Percent of Virginia Voters Support Smoke-Free Workplaces
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... , ... America Walks , a national advocacy organization that promotes walking ... of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health , has been awarded a Walking ... from around the country to participate in a four-month training program designed to strengthen ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... IN (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... group health insurance, has seen a significant spike in their clients' employee participation ... their annual biometric health screening by implementing a high-deductible health plan with outcome-based ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... GA (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... solutions builder, has announced that it will join America's leading engineers at the ... be held at the Georgia World Congress Center. , Engineers, speakers and ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Slidell, LA (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... which will feature a unique and patented refillable hanging wipe dispenser. The campaign kick-off ... 1, 2016 and will end June 25, 2016. The goal is to raise $1,000 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Fire Door Solutions, ... one resource, from start to finish, for Life Safety compliance. These expanded ... surveys requested by the Joint Commission, and fire stopping reviews, inspections, and repairs. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... 2016  Diana Russell suffers from a form of ... inside out.  This disease has put her in a ... and grandchildren to leave her home.  Because of the ... haul the wheelchair.  So if there is a family ... is left to wait for the bus. ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016  Joe Marziani has joined VMS BioMarketing as senior vice ... officer, today. In his new role, Marziani will lead the company,s business development and ... to improve outcomes. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160523/371089 ... ... ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... OXFORD, England , May 24, 2016 ... Practice and Education in Clinical Neurophysiology  ... medical information products and services, today announced the launch ... , an open access journal that focuses on clinical ... latest research, case reports, clinical series, normal values and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: