Navigation Links
Work By Female Scientists Gets Judged More Harshly: Study

FRIDAY, April 19 (HealthDay News) -- Gender plays a role in how researchers perceive the work of other scientists, according to a new study.

Researchers at Ohio State University found that scientific studies written by men were viewed as higher quality than identical studies listing female authors. This gender bias, they noted, is significant and will have important implications over the course of a woman's career in science.

"In grant proposals, promotion and tenure reviews, hiring decisions and so on, a scholar's sex will be a relevant factor in how she or he is evaluated," study lead author Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick, associate professor of communication at The Ohio State University, said in a university news release. "All of these small factors will add up over the course of a career and may prevent some women from reaching the same career heights as men."

The study was published online recently in the journal Science Communication.

In conducting the study, the researchers asked nearly 250 graduate students in communication from universities around the United States to read and evaluate 15 short summaries, or abstracts, of studies presented at an academic conference. Some of the studies listed two male authors, while others listed two female authors.

The researchers also rotated the authors listed on the studies. As a result, some participants thought certain studies were authored by men, while others thought they were written by women.

The summaries were rated for quality, including how "important" and "innovative" they were. The study revealed that, overall, the summaries written by men were rated more highly than those with female authors. Women involved in the study did not differ from male participants in how they perceived the summaries. The researchers noted that 70 percent of the study participants were women, which could help explain why a difference was not found.

"The participants were reading abstracts of 150 words or so and rating their quality," Knobloch-Westerwick said. "The author names were not displayed prominently and the grad students probably barely glanced at them -- but still they had this effect."

The study also revealed that topics played a role in how participants viewed the research summaries. Topics traditionally associated with men, such as political communication, computers, and news and journalism, were rated more highly when written by men.

The participants also were asked if they would like to discuss research and collaborate with one of the study's authors. The studies on traditionally "male" topics that were written by men garnered more interest. Similarly, female authors had more collaboration interest if their work involved stereotypically "female" topics (such as children, parenting and body image).

The researchers said the findings demonstrate that it may be more difficult for women to succeed in academic science. The preference for male authors, they suggested, is partly due to conservative gender norms.

"There's still a stereotype in our society that science is a more appropriate career for men than it is for women," Knobloch-Westerwick said. "Even among young graduate students -- the faculty of tomorrow -- such stereotypes are still alive."

More information

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission provides more information on sex-based discrimination.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: Ohio State University, news release, April 3, 2013

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Rising Demand for Female Cosmetic Genital Surgery Begets New Beautification Techniques
2. Christopher Jayne, M.D., Receives InTone Specialist Certification To Treat Female Urinary Incontinence From InControl Medical, LLC
3. Local Female Clinical Research Executive Receives Industry Distinction as an Innovator for Change
4. Female Fat Loss Over 40 Program Now Released by Shawna Kaminski
5. Judge: Make Morning-After Pill Available to All Females
6. Garland Andres, NP-C, Receives InTone Specialist Certification To Treat Female Urinary Incontinence From InControl Medical, LLC
7. Genetic risk strategies needed for young, black, female breast cancer patients, Moffitt study shows
8. Bel Marra Health Reports on a New Study: Female Obesity Could Be Due to Less Participation in Household Tasks
9. Amy Bruner, M.D., Laura Korman, M.D., Leigh Lewis, Lac, ND, and Wendy Vannoy, ND, Receive InTone Specialist Certification to Treat Female Urinary Incontinence
10. Researchers Detect an Anti-Autism Advantage in Females
11. Laura Rosenfield, M.D., Receives InTone Specialist Certification To Treat Female Urinary Incontinence From InControl Medical, LLC
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Work By Female Scientists Gets Judged More Harshly: Study
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor ... Asterisk 11 LTS (Long Term Support) into its Q-Suite 5.10 product line. , ... up-to-date with a version of Asterisk that will receive not only security fixes, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Toronto, ON and Cambridge, ON (PRWEB) , ... ... ... announced today the availability of a real-time eReferral system for diagnostic imaging in ... CTs, ultrasounds, X-rays, mammography, BMD and Nuclear Medicine tests directly from their electronic ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs in hospital ... healthcare professionals and offered by healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group . ... month of October 2015 among those searching for healthcare jobs through the company’s website, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... of retro-fused, self-animating trailer titles with ProTrailer: Vintage. This newly styled ProTrailer pack ... trailer titles work with any font, giving users limitless opportunities to stylize and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... OAK BROOK, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, ... ... sometimes larger and potentially more aggressive than those found on mammography, according to ... cases MRI findings of additional cancers not seen on mammography may necessitate a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)...  Linden Care, LLC, a retail specialty pharmacy focused ... suffering from chronic pain, said today that it is ... (TRO) enjoining Express Scripts from unilaterally terminating the Pharmacy ... --> --> The company said that ... --> --> In ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... USA , Inc., a leader in ... accuracy of its blood glucose meter systems. Last week ... Cardiovascular Disease in Los Angeles , ... 01 meter and the Assure ® Prism multi-user ... measure glucose levels in blood is essential for people ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 Allergan plc (NYSE: ... agreement with the New York State ... of the Sherman Act, and other statutes with the Attorney ... February 2014, to cease marketing and selling the now generic ... settlement, Allergan admits no liability, has released its counterclaims against ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: