Navigation Links
Women's Death Rate Higher From Severe Heart Attack
Date:12/8/2008

Undertreatment at the hospital may be a contributing cause, study suggests

MONDAY, Dec. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Women who suffer the most severe form of heart attack are twice as likely as men to die in the hospital, a new study finds.

The study of more than 78,000 people treated for heart attacks at 420 U.S. hospitals between 2001 and 2006 found the same overall in-hospital death rate for men and women.

But 10.2 percent of women with a STEMI heart attack died, compared to 5.5 percent of men with the same diagnosis, said the report in the Dec. 9 issue of the journal Circulation.

"We believe that a part of it may be related to the fact that women are undertreated," said study lead author Dr. Hani Jneid, an assistant professor of cardiovascular medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. "There is evidence across the board of undertreatment."

"We obviously could not assess the appropriateness of the treatments," Jneid added. "But the results point to the fact that there might be some sex-related disparity in treatment that needs to be addressed by physicians."

STEMI is short for ST-elevation myocardial infarction, a name derived from the heartbeat pattern seen on an electrocardiogram. A STEMI heart attack usually is caused by complete blockage of a coronary artery, which means that more heart muscle dies than if there is only partial blockage.

While in theory "there is no intrinsic reason why there should be a difference" in survival rates between the sexes, there are several possible explanations, said Dr. Gregg C. Fonarow, a professor of cardiovascular medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an author of the report. Those explanations may start with the symptoms reported by people having heart attacks and then go on to the treatment they receive, he said.

"Women when presenting with a heart attack tend to be older and have other comorbid conditions [health problems]," Fonarow said. "But even when we adjusted for that, we found a 12 percent difference."

Also, "women present more atypically," he said. "They are less likely to have sternal chest pain or pressure, just general symptoms like shortness of breath or other symptoms that are non-specific."

But there clearly was a difference in the treatment given men and women, the study found. Women were 14 percent less likely to receive early aspirin, 10 percent less likely to be given beta blocker drugs, 25 percent less likely to receive reperfusion therapy to restore blood flow, and 13 percent less likely to have artery-opening angioplasty within 90 minutes of arrival at the hospital.

The American Heart Association has started a program called "Mission: Lifeline" that's designed to educate people about the symptoms of a heart attack so they can seek treatment quickly and also "enable hospitals to make quicker diagnoses," Fonarow said. "These kinds of quality-improvement programs can lead physicians, emergency room attendants and paramedics to close the gap and eventually eliminate sex-related differences."

Some basic biological differences between the sexes might be partially responsible for the discrepancy in survival, said Dr. Laura Wexler, senior associate dean at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, and another author of the report.

"For women ages 50 to 60, I wonder whether the biology of a heart attack may be different," she said. "The question is whether menopause enhances the severity of heart attacks."

The incidence of heart attack in such perimenopausal women is lower, Wexler said, "but when they do get it, the mortality rate is higher."

Still, Wexler said, "I think there are impediments to the diagnosis of coronary disease in women, including, but not exclusively, some lack of appreciation in some sectors of the importance of coronary disease in women."

More information

For descriptions about the various kinds of heart attacks and what should be done about them, visit the American Heart Association.



SOURCES: Hani Jneid, M.D., assistant professor, cardiovascular medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; Gregg C. Fonarow, M.D., professor, cardiovascular medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine; Laura Wexler, M.D., senior associate dean, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine; Dec. 9, 2008, Circulation


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Womenshealthchannel Enhancements Support Pregnant Teens
2. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Antioxidants show no clear benefit against cardiovascular events, death in high-risk women
5. Diabetes appears to increase risk of death for patients with acute coronary syndromes
6. Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
7. Longer ambulance journeys boost death risk for seriously ill patients
8. Stopping Statins After Stroke Doubles Death Risk
9. Oral Health a Matter of Life and Death for Seniors
10. Pop stars more than twice as likely to die an early death
11. Australian-led international study shows blood pressure drugs cut death rate in type 2 diabetes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches the ... In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in disappointment, ... just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com reveals ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, ... out at his family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control ... use it. He would throw rocks at my other children and say he was going ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, CA ... the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to and from their cancer ... ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. Getting to and from ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... proud to recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon and ... women in the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. Plastic ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Venture Construction Group (VCG) sponsors Luke’s Wings ... 20th at the Woodmont Country Club at 1201 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland, 20852. ... service members that have been wounded in battle and their families. Venture Construction Group ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... the patients with kidney failure, it replaces the function of ... patient,s blood and thus the treatment helps to keep the ... balance. Increasing number of ESRD patients & ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research ... MEMS Devices Medical Market Analysis 2016 - Forecast to 2022" ... The report contains up to date financial data ... analysis. Assessment of major trends with potential impact on the ... analysis of market segmentation which comprises of sub markets, regional ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June 23, ... a Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any indication, ... winners, announced today online at www.diabetesscholars.org by ... 1 diabetes stand in the way of academic and ... the Foundation,s scholarship program since 2012, and continues to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: