Navigation Links
Women have stronger immune systems than men and it's all down to a single chromosome
Date:9/27/2011

As anyone familiar with the phrase 'man-flu' will know women consider themselves to be the more robust side of the species when it comes to health and illness. Now new research, published in BioEssays, seems to support the idea. The research focuses on the role of MicroRNAs encoded on the X chromosome to explain why women have stronger immune systems to men and are less likely to develop cancer.

The research, led by Dr Claude Libert from Ghent University in Belgium, focused on MicroRNA, tiny strains of ribonucleic acid which alongside DNA and proteins, make up the three major macromolecules that are essential for all known forms of life.

"Statistics show that in humans, as with other mammals, females live longer than males and are more able to fight off shock episodes from sepsis, infection or trauma," said Libert. "We believe this is due to the X chromosome which in humans contains 10% of all microRNAs detected so far in the genome. The roles of many remain unknown, but several X chromosome-located strands of microRNA have important functions in immunity and cancer."

Dr Libert's team proposes that the biological mechanisms of the X chromosome have a strong impact on an individual's genes, known as genetic imprinting, which gives an immunological advantage to females. To develop their hypothesis the team produced a detailed map of all described microRNAs which have a role in immune functions and cancer in both human and mouse X chromosomes.

"We believe this immunological advantage is due to the silencing of X-linked genes by these microRNAs," said Libert. "Gene silencing and inactivation skewing are known mechanisms which affect X-linked genes and may influence X-linked microRNAs in the same way."

This genetic silencing leaves males at an immunological disadvantage as a male has only one X-chromosome. The Y-Chomosone contains fewer genes so if the genes involved in immunity are silenced maternally the male is left with no compensating genetic information.

"How this unique form of genetic inheritance influences X-chromosone linked microRNAs will be a challenge for researchers for years to come," concluded Libert, "not only from an evolutionary point of view, but also for scientists investigating the causes and cures of disease."


'/>"/>

Contact: Ben Norman
Lifesciencenews@wiley.com
44-012-437-70375
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Company Invites Women to STOP PMS - Take the 10-Minute Challenge
2. LifestyleMom.com and the LifestyleMom Radio Cafe Aim to Help Women Create a Family Life and "Me Life" That They Truly Love
3. Women More Likely to Fail Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation
4. Diabetes drug ups risk for bone fractures in older women
5. Womens Heart Disease Awareness Still Lacking
6. Cyndi Lauper, Lady Gaga Put Spotlight on Women and HIV
7. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
8. Womens Dermatologic Society Marks 35th Anniversary with Release of Unprecedented Book of Wisdom and Inspiration
9. Few Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer Take Tamoxifen
10. Diane von Furstenberg Establishes The DVF Awards to Recognize Outstanding Women Leaders
11. YazTalk Warns Women of Life Threatening Side Effects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... Malvern, Pa. (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 ... ... help sort through a world of exterior design possibilities. CertainTeed, North America’s leading ... visualization tools by expanding the product offerings showcased in the mobile version of ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Healthcare careers in the medical laboratory, ... jobs via the website of healthcare staffing leader Aureus Medical Group during the month ... , travel therapy positions and in travel and direct hire opportunities in ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh ... says are the real facts surrounding all those Bible stories. For generations families have ... teachers, and Yisrayl says there is more to these than just mere “stories”. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... With the exception of restorative dentistry, to date there ... With the recent approval by the FDA, there is a now a new protocol ... varnish, SDF is very simple and quick to apply. The application is as simple ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... ... “ HEALING MIND : Five Steps to Ultimate Healing, Four Rooms for ... readers how to become their own therapist. Providing a useful step-by-step process for achieving ... an understanding of how to heal one’s inner child using four archetypes of Christianity. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Walgreens has committed to ... states and Washington, D.C. as part ... that was commended by shareholder advocacy organization As You Sow. ... You Sow. "Many people hold on to unneeded drugs because ... have tragic consequences." --> Conrad MacKerron , ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016   Health 2.0 , the premiere ... technologies, announced today " 10 Year Global Retrospective ", ... over the past ten years.   ... Health 2.0 has served as the preeminent thought-leader in ... thousands of technologies, companies, innovators, and patient-activists through an ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  NOIT™ Research LLC, a private, leading-edge autism research ... to assist needy families in obtaining one of its ... February 10, 2016 and March 31, 2016, the company ... NOIT is an auditory stimulus that plays a key ... Beth Shier , NOIT Research director. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: