Navigation Links
Women do not get enough vitamin D during the menopause
Date:10/20/2011

A healthy diet is especially important during the menopause a period in which the risk of suffering from health problems increases. Various studies analyse the diet of peri- and postmenopausal women in Spain alongside the troubles that come with this transition. The results show that all of those groups studied have a deficient intake of vitamin D.

Marina Polln, researcher at the Carlos III Institute of Health and one of the authors of the study explains that "biological and physiological changes in women caused by the menopause come with a greater risk of developing health problems in which diet plays an important role. These include diabetes, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer."

Therefore, the analysis of dietary patterns during and after the menopause is of particular interest because of its health implications. However, in Spain there have been very few studies that have assessed the diet of peri- and postmenopausal women.

In order to study these dietary habits, the authors of the study analysed 3574 women from the age of 45 to 68 from October 2007 to July 2008. Each programme contained a minimum of 500 women from seven Spanish cities (La Corua, Barcelona, Burgos, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, Valencia and Zaragoza) and involved a food frequency questionnaire validated by the Spanish population.

The results show that obesity rates stand at 29% whereas 42% of subjects are overweight. Average calorie intake was 2053 kilocalories (with 43% of energy intake coming from carbohydrates, 36% from fats and 20% from proteins). Researchers highlight that practically all of the women received the recommended intake of all the vitamins, apart from D and E.

The case of vitamin D is striking given that none of the groups reached 50% of their RDA (Recommended Daily Allowance). The average total intake was 2.14 micrograms per day, which constitutes just 39% of the RDA for women of this age group.

"A diet with less fat and protein that is high in vegetables, nuts, and carbohydrate-rich foods will even out the energy balance and corrects levels of vitamin D and E,"according to the researchers. "This is especially important in places that are far away from the Mediterranean Sea where women have a greater tendency to fall short of the current recommendations."

A greater risk of obesity

Another study lead by Faustino R. Prez-Lpez, coordinator of the study group of the Spanish Association for the Study of the Menopause, links body weight with metabolic and hormonal parameters in 574 postmenopausal women.

Published in the Gynecological Endocrinology journal, the results confirm that Body Mass Index (BMI) during the menopause increases with ages, the time that the menopause began, the number of children and also with blood sugar levels, triglyceride levels and systolic blood pressure.

Prez-Lpez points out that "this allows us to propose lifestyles changes that could improve quality of life and reduce the mortality rate associated with obesity if they are adopted early on."

Body fat mass distribution, weight regulation and hormone secretion of fat are all different when it comes to men and women. Abdominal obesity is more frequent in postmenopausal women. It increases the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, sleep apnoea, cancer, arthrosis, mental health problems and even death.

Furthermore, peri- and postmenopausal obesity intensifies the symptoms of the menopause and it is associated with a lower quality of life than that of women of normal weight. "Experimental studies of animals and women show that treatment with ovarian hormones can impede weight gain and muscle mass loss," according to the researcher.

Sexuality during the menopause

Another study by Faustino R. Prez-Lpez, published in the Journal of Sex Medicine, deals with the female sexuality during the menopause. This is usually characterised by organic changes within themselves and their partner alike, previous sexual dysfunctions and socio-demographic factors that change from region to region, or even from one period of time to another.

Experts used the Changes in Sexual Function Questionnaire (CCFS) which consists of 14 simple questions. Its results show that 64.1% of the 117 volunteers (between February and November of 2010 in the Hospital Central de Asturias in Oviedo and the Hospital Cabuees in Gijn, Spain) admitted to suffering from female sexual dysfunction.

Prez-Lpez outlines the importance of highlighting that "a third of Western women display some form of sexual dysfunction throughout their lives. This sometimes comes hand in hand with depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and a decrease in their quality of life."

Sexual arousal problems are related to a lowered quality of life and also to urogenital tract problems whereas orgasm problems maintain a link with a decrease in the quality of life. Signs of depression are associated with the supposed onset of female sexual dysfunction.

The score from the CCFS showed a positive correlation between the educational attainment of the woman and her partner and the frequency with which she engages in sexual relations. They showed a negative correlation with depression," according to the conclusions of Prez-Lpez, who points out that more studies are necessary before we take these findings as a given when talking about other population groups.


'/>"/>

Contact: Marina Pollan
mpollan@isciii.es
34-918-222-635
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Company Invites Women to STOP PMS - Take the 10-Minute Challenge
2. LifestyleMom.com and the LifestyleMom Radio Cafe Aim to Help Women Create a Family Life and "Me Life" That They Truly Love
3. Women More Likely to Fail Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation
4. Diabetes drug ups risk for bone fractures in older women
5. Womens Heart Disease Awareness Still Lacking
6. Cyndi Lauper, Lady Gaga Put Spotlight on Women and HIV
7. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
8. Womens Dermatologic Society Marks 35th Anniversary with Release of Unprecedented Book of Wisdom and Inspiration
9. Few Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer Take Tamoxifen
10. Diane von Furstenberg Establishes The DVF Awards to Recognize Outstanding Women Leaders
11. YazTalk Warns Women of Life Threatening Side Effects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Women do not get enough vitamin D during the menopause
(Date:5/4/2016)... Carlsbad, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... has recently partnered with local company MitoXcell in preparation of the launch of her ... day jump start plan is a nutritional guide designed to jump start a new ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... The preeminent surgical aftercare ... Dickinson needed following breast cancer surgery. In March 2016, the 61-year-old model and reality ... breast cancer that occurs in the milk ducts, according to an interview with ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... ... Advanced Spine & Sport Medical Rehabilitation Center, which is renowned for its ... seminar on stem cell injections. The seminar is scheduled for Wednesday, May 18, from ... Suite 110, Ventura, CA. There are only 10 seats available. , “The purpose ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... and support for knees, ankles, and elbows. Engineered with athletes in mind, ... flat-bed manufacturing (opposed to ineffective circular knitting, common in the industry) produces ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... , ... May 03, ... manufacturer of innovative infant and child products, today revealed the non-toxic ... ability to help babies deal with teething pain is just part ... no toxic gels, and are BPA-, PVC-, and phthalate-free. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  Specialty Silicone Fabricators ... that shows how a cleanroom works. The free ... about science and technology. ... a technology company, SSF enthusiastically supports the Science, ... educators foster the next generation of innovators. We ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... -- Kalorama Information noted the 5 Most Important Trends ... recent white paper.  The healthcare market research publisher said ... market are among the top drivers of market growth. ... EMR 2016: The Market for Electronic Medical Records ... the EMR industry, and the report is consulted by ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... 2016 The global  ultrasound ... billion by 2024, according to a new report ... of the sonography market include expanding applications of ... for periodic ultrasound screenings of the breast for ... ) High Intensity Focused Ultrasound ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: