The kits would probably cost about $25 to produce, he said. But even after adding a profit margin for the manufacturer, the cost would be less than a doctor's visit, Peipert said.
Chlamydia affects women more often than men. In 2008, almost 900,000 chlamydia cases were reported in the United States among women and about 315,000 cases among men, according to the CDC.
Women in the U.S. also have a higher rate of gonorrhea, with the CDC reporting about 183,000 cases in 2008, compared with about 153,000 among men.
Both STDs are nearly symptomless and can exist as low-grade infections for many years until they eventually cause serious health problems. However, Peipert said, antibiotic treatment for chlamydia and gonorrhea is completely effective.
"It's easy," he said. "You just take a pill or get a shot, and that's it."
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on sexually transmitted diseases.
SOURCES: Jeffrey Peipert, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., professor, obstetrics and gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis; Cynthia Krause, M.D., assistant clinical professor, obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive science, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York City; April 2010, Obstetrics & Gynecology
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