Navigation Links
Women Less Apt to Get Clot-Buster, Study Finds

Some think gender inequality stems from different stroke symptoms in men and women

FRIDAY, Feb. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Gender definitely makes a difference when it comes to stroke, new research shows.

Not only can stroke show itself in slightly different fashion in women than it typically does in men, but women also don't get the gold standard of treatment for stroke as often as men do.

Those are two of several findings on women and stroke that were presented Thursday during a news conference at the International Stroke Conference in San Diego.

In one study, Michigan State University researchers reported that women admitted to hospitals with the symptoms of stroke were less likely to be given tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), which was approved to treat stroke by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1996.

Study author Dr. Archit Bhatt pooled the results of 18 studies published in medical journals between 1995 and 2008. "Women were 30 percent less likely to have tPA compared to men," he said.

He analyzed data on more than 21,000 people who were given tPA, which is administered intravenously. When he looked just at people who got to the hospital within three hours of the start of their stroke symptoms -- the crucial time window within which tPA must be given -- men were still more likely to be given the clot buster, he said. In this subgroup, "women were 19 percent less likely to get tPA than the men," Bhatt said.

More research is needed to figure out what triggers this gender gap, he added.

However, the gender gap in treatment might be narrowing in some ways, said Dr. Louise D. McCullough, director of stroke research and education at the University of Connecticut Health Center and the Stroke Center at Hartford Hospital.

Though some experts have found that women put off getting medical help when a stroke is suspected, McCullough found differently in her research. She reviewed data on 445 people, 52 percent of them women, who got to the hospital within six hours of the start of symptoms. And she found no difference between men and women in the time it took to get medical help.

Another study provided a possible explanation as to why treatment sometimes differs between genders.

University of Michigan researchers found that women are more likely to have "nontraditional" symptoms such as numbness, visual disturbances or dizziness. Dr. Lynda Lisabeth, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Michigan, targeted 480 people who came to the University of Michigan Hospital between January 2005 and December 2007 for a stroke or a mini-stroke.

She asked all of them about their symptoms. "Among women, 52 percent reported at least one nontraditional symptom, compared to 44 percent of men," she said.

The most common nontraditional symptom they reported was an altered mental state, such as confusion or unconsciousness. The finding that women tend to have nontraditional symptoms did not reach statistical significance, she said. But Lisabeth still thinks that awareness of the possibility of nontraditional symptoms might influence people to seek help sooner.

Some of the news on gender differences -- specifically that nontraditional symptoms might be more common in women -- was surprising to Dr. Mark Goldberg, a professor of neurology at Washington University in St. Louis and a physician at Barnes-Jewish Hospital.

Knowing about such research should help the public, and doctors, become more aware, he said. "The idea that mental confusion is more common in women may change the way emergency medical service personnel are educated, for instance, with doctors alerting them to the possibility," he said.

More information

To learn more about stroke, visit the American Stroke Association.

SOURCES: Mark Goldberg, M.D., professor, neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, and attending physician, stroke service, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, Mo.; Feb. 19, 2009, news conference, San Diego, with: Archit Bhatt, M.D., M.P.H., researcher, department of neurology and ophthalmology, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Lynda Lisabeth, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor, epidemiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; and Louise D. McCullough, M.D., Ph.D., director, stroke research and education, University of Connecticut Health Center and Stroke Center at Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Conn.

Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Antioxidants show no clear benefit against cardiovascular events, death in high-risk women
2. Work-Family Conflict Dogs Air Force Women After Deployment
3. Work-Family Conflict Dogs Air Force Women After Deployment
4. Antioxidant Supplements May Raise Womens Skin Cancer Risk
5. Early Weight Loss in Women Linked to Dementia
6. For Health Info, Women Often Turn to the Web
7. Smoking increases risks for head and neck cancers for men and women
8. New Study Reports High Injury Rates for Hotel Workers, Even Higher Rates for Women and Nonwhites
9. Passive smoking increases sleep disturbance among pregnant women
10. Trial to Test Gene Therapy for Angina in Women
11. Exercise and yoga improves quality of life in women with early-stage breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Women Less Apt to Get Clot-Buster, Study Finds
(Date:11/30/2015)... York (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... In ... of his role as a top ophthalmologist on Long Island’s east end. During the ... teaching, innovations in surgery and treatment of glaucoma and cataracts, and how a visit ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Since its ... specializing in independent living, assisted living and all other retirement options. Support for ... awareness and research remains a top priority. , So it’s no surprise ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... of the leading plastic surgery practices in Florida, is proud to announce that ... for surgical innovations giant Ethicon Inc., a Johnson & Johnson Company. , Ethicon ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... New York, New York (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... at the Greater New York Dental Meeting. Their Ecosystem empowers dentists to make complex ... Dentists who visit the booth will receive a free fee survey with 10 procedures ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Vasont Systems, a top component content ... extension unites with Syncro Soft’s latest software update, oXygen XML editor Version 17.1. ... the latest release of oXygen® XML editor and the Vasont® CCMS. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015 2014RestatedChange%Turnover 545,575 , 518,852 , 5.2 Cord Blood ... , 9.8 Hospital Management Service Income , ... Medical Insurance Administration Service Income , 2,780 , ... , 89,645 , 94,580 , ... 2,917 , (3.3) Gross Profit 395,857 , ...
(Date:11/30/2015)...  PTS Diagnostics, the U.S.-based manufacturer of point-of-care biometric ... ® systems, and PTS Detect™ cotinine systems, has ... will propel the company into the mHealth market. ... . The technology is a system that interfaces ... and tablets, and uses test strip technology already developed ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nov. 30, 2015 Cumberland Pharmaceuticals (CPIX), today announced that ... at on December 3, 2015. TIME: 3:15p.m. ... 3:15p.m. ET LINK: --> ... --> --> ... investors are invited to ask the company questions in real-time ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: