Navigation Links
Wii Balance Board induces changes in the brains of MS patients
Date:8/25/2014

OAK BROOK, Ill. A balance board accessory for a popular video game console can help people with multiple sclerosis (MS) reduce their risk of accidental falls, according to new research published online in the journal Radiology. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed that use of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board system appears to induce favorable changes in brain connections associated with balance and movement.

Balance impairment is one of the most common and disabling symptoms of MS, a disease of the central nervous system in which the body's immune system attacks the protective sheath around nerve fibers. Physical rehabilitation is often used to preserve balance, and one of the more promising new tools is the Wii Balance Board System, a battery-powered device about the size and shape of a bathroom scale. Users stand on the board and shift their weight as they follow the action on the television screen during games like slalom skiing.

While Wii balance board rehabilitation has been reported as effective in patients with MS, little is known about the underlying physiological basis for any improvements in balance.

Researchers recently used an MRI technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to study changes in the brains of 27 MS patients who underwent a 12-week intervention using Wii balance board-based visual feedback training. DTI is a non-conventional MRI technique that allows detailed analysis of the white matter tracts that transmit nervous signals through the brain and body.

MRI scans of the MS patients showed significant effects in nerve tracts that are important in balance and movement. The changes seen on MRI correlated with improvements in balance as measured by an assessment technique called posturography.

These brain changes in MS patients are likely a manifestation of neural plasticity, or the ability of the brain to adapt and form new connections throughout life, according to lead author Luca Prosperini, M.D., Ph.D., from Sapienza University in Rome, Italy.

"The most important finding in this study is that a task-oriented and repetitive training aimed at managing a specific symptom is highly effective and induces brain plasticity," he said. "More specifically, the improvements promoted by the Wii balance board can reduce the risk of accidental falls in patients with MS, thereby reducing the risk of fall-related comorbidities like trauma and fractures."

Dr. Prosperini noted that similar plasticity has been described in persons who play video games, but the exact mechanisms behind the phenomenon are still unknown. He hypothesized that changes can occur at the cellular level within the brain and may be related to myelination, the process of building the protective sheath around the nerves.

The rehabilitation-induced improvements did not persist after the patients discontinued the training protocol, Dr. Prosperini said, most likely because certain skills related to structural changes to the brain after an injury need to be maintained through training.

"This finding should have an important impact on the rehabilitation process of patients, suggesting that they need ongoing exercises to maintain good performance in daily living activities," Dr. Prosperini said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Report says new evidence could tip the balance in aspirin cancer prevention care
2. Swanson Health Products Introduces a New Alkalizing Drink Mix, Swanson® pH Balance Alka-Tone with Alka-Plex™ Technology
3. Study: Group yoga improves motor function and balance long after stroke
4. Balance, Strength Training Reduce Falls for Elderly, Study Finds
5. Asthma symptoms could be aggravated by imbalance problems
6. Woman Finds Balance in Life Via Drastic Change
7. New genetic disorder of balance and cognition discovered
8. 7 Tips for Natural Gallbladder Remedies presented by Balanced Health Today
9. Hearing Aids in Miami Just Got Easier with the New Website from Progressive Hearing & Balance
10. Hearing and Balance Associates of NW Florida Releases New Website for Hearing Aids in Tallahassee FL
11. MXI Corp; Xocai Healthy Chocolate Introduces, XoBiotic Squares, A Dark Chocolate With Probiotics, Designed To Maintain A Healthy Intestinal Balance
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Wii Balance Board induces changes in the brains of MS patients
(Date:5/29/2016)... ... , ... Whole Health Supply is happy to announce the favorable reception of ... This new style of nail clipper has a wider jaw opening that is useful ... the actual handle is 2.5mm thick to accommodate the cutting force. This is the ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... May 28, 2016 , ... "Color Grading media can ... drop a preset onto their media," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film ... can quickly and easily add stylish color grades to their footage. A LUT is ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... More ... Health, so it is not surprising that bariatric surgery has received increased attention in ... Journal explains. Of course, when it comes to weight loss, most people are familiar ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... An ... returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics detailing ... inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in a ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 ... ... partnered with Mediaplanet to help educate the many who are unaware of the ... dedicated to aphasia will run within the “Stroke Awareness” campaign. , The link ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 MedDay, ... disorders, announces that an oral presentation entitled "High doses of ... MS-SPI trial" will be given by Professor Ayman Tourbah ... 2nd Congress of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) in ... and related disorders 3" will take place on Sunday, 29 ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... Markt gebracht, die es Ärzten erlaubt, ihre Expertise ... behandeln: MDLinking kombiniert Live Streaming mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion ... zu kommunizieren. Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, Asien und ... bereits für die Plattform registriert. Information ...
(Date:5/24/2016)...   , Study met both ... in , Excellent plus Good ... of the ascending colon   ,      ... announced new positive data from the phase III MORA study for ... litre PEG with ascorbate. The study met both primary endpoints showing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: