Navigation Links
Widening our perceptions of reading and writing difficulties
Date:12/8/2010

Milan, Italy, 8 December 2010 Learning to read and write are complex processes, which can be disrupted in various ways, leading to disorders known as dyslexia and dysgraphia. Two new studies, published in a recent special issue of Elsevier's Cortex (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00109452) provide evidence of this variety, suggesting that effective treatment needs to take it into account.

A group of researchers from the Universities of Bari and Rome in Italy studied the reading and writing abilities of 33 Italian dyslexic children, comparing their performance with that of children with normal reading ability. Italian is an "orthographically transparent" language, meaning that letters tend to correspond to the same sounds, whereas many letters in the English alphabet change their sound from word to word (like the "c" in car and city). However, the new study showed that even in Italian, in which it is relatively straightforward to convert sounds into letters, children still have difficulties in spelling. Younger children with dyslexia generally performed worse than proficient readers; however, the older ones showed a more selective impairment when spelling words, suggesting that knowledge of vocabulary may be more important in spelling than previously thought.

The other study, from Tel Aviv University, Israel, provided the first systematic description of a type of reading disorder called "attentional dyslexia" in which children identify letters correctly, but the letters jump between words on the page, e.g., "kind wing" is read as "wind king". Teachers and neuropsychologists often notice that children substitute letters when reading, but in this type of dyslexia the substitutions are not caused by inability to identify letters or convert them to sounds; they result from migrations of letters between words. The findings showed that letters would mostly migrate to the same position in another word, so the first letter of one word would switch places with the first letter of another word. Awareness to the existence of this type of dyslexia is important, because it suggests a straightforward way to assist these children in reading - by presenting a ‎single word at a time, e.g., with the help of a word-sized window cut in a piece of cardboard.


'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Fabri
l.fabri@elsevier.com
39-028-818-4353
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Team colors on cans change perceptions of alcohol risks, MU study finds
2. California Family Raising Confident, Blind Child Sharing Successes to Change Perceptions of Blindness
3. NIH scientists identify mechanism responsible for spreading biofilm infections
4. Suite 101.com Provides Insight Into Consumer Reading Behavior Online
5. Reading the look of love
6. Reading Comes Easier for Kids When Rovers Around
7. Sun Reading Glasses Collection Debuts
8. Introducing a New Generation of Reading and Computer Glasses
9. New Study Shows Parents How to Increase Their Kid's Success in Reading
10. Reading level of Medicaid renewal applications often too high
11. New Research Demonstrates Gains in Emergent Reading Skills for Adolescents with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Health and wellness is a topic that ... the event they are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a severe form of a ... with migraines would not wish the pain on their worst enemy, the feeling can ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... Care for Patients with Rare Diseases, a continuing medical education (CME) event presented ... the first of its kind—and a first for ACCORD, whose mission is to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... KICVentures ( http://www.kicventures.com ) announced today that ... York City on Thursday, January 21, 2016. Kingsley R. Chin, the CEO ... the varsity Columbia soccer program) spoke at the event, offering professional insight based ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Susan Polk Health Insurance Company ... users can expect to see in 2016. To view the report, see below, or ... directly impact many San Luis Obispo seniors who rely on Medicare health insurance and ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... Dr. Carol Francis and 30 ... 19-21, 2016, in Southern California . The International Hypnosis Federation 2016 Conference "It's ... speakers, including Clinical Psychologist and Hypnotherapist Dr. Carol Francis (topics and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... -- Patients in Alabama seeking prostate care ... longer have to travel out of state. Vituro Health ... Centers of Alabama to provide a total prostate management ... Alabama is known throughout ... cancer using many different modalities. They are the largest and ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: AEMD ... CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s 2016 Disruptive ... at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, February 10, ... discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. http://www.aethlonmedical.com ... hour after the conclusion of the live event. The panel ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... BEIJING , Feb. 5, 2016 ... ("Dehaier Medical" or the "Company"), which develops, markets ... products in China and ... restructuring plan which aims to concentrate the Company,s ... wearable sleep respiratory business and to focus more ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: