Navigation Links
Why so many antibodies fail to protect against HIV infection
Date:11/18/2010

DURHAM, NC Researchers have been stymied for years over the fact that people infected with the AIDS virus do indeed produce antibodies in response to the pathogen antibodies that turn out to be ineffective in blocking infection. Now, scientists at Duke University Medical Center can explain why: Some of the earliest and most abundant antibodies available to fight HIV can't actually "see" the virus until after it's already invaded a healthy cell.

The scientists based their conclusion on the results of a series of crystallography and biochemical experiments that revealed the specific molecular structures different types of antibodies need to have in place in order for them to mount an effective defense.

Previous research had shown that two of the most robust antibodies against HIV antibodies called 2F5 and 4E10 target a specific part of the outer coating of the virus called the MPER region of gp41. The antibodies, which operate in a lock and key relationship, are able to latch on to the virus as it reveals this vulnerable part of its structure, referred to as an "Achilles heel" of the AIDS virus.

"What our studies revealed, however, is that the virus actually creates two versions of this 'Achilles heel,' says Barton Haynes, MD, director of the Duke Human Vaccine Institute (DHVI) and the senior author of the study appearing online in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. "One version is for these rarer, broadly-neutralizing antibodies, and the other is for the more abundant, first-responding antibodies that won't be able to do much good because the Achilles heel isn't detectable to them until the virus has already gained entry."

Nathan Nicely, PhD, the lead author of the study and a member of the DHVI, designed and conducted most of the crystallography studies. "This structure has been difficult to obtain, but now that we have it, it has been instrumental in our understanding why this non-neutralizing antibody interacts with the HIV-1 outer coat."

Haynes says the findings are important because they distinguish what parts of the virus an antibody needs to recognize from those parts that are decoys. "We are homing in on a better understanding of what the immune system needs to do in order to mount an effective defense against HIV."


'/>"/>

Contact: Michelle Gailiun
michelle.gailiun@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Dana-Farber and Sanford-Burnham Institute license flu-targeting antibodies to Genentech and Roche
2. Low levels of natural antibodies behind stroke
3. Antibodies linked to cardiovascular disease increase in patients with active lupus
4. Manmade antibodies hold biomedical promise
5. Novel autoantibodies identified in patients with necrotizing myopathy
6. Protecting patients: Study shows that Johns Hopkins flu vaccination rates twice national average
7. Sensis Condoms With QuikStrips(TM) Reminds Lovers To Protect The Passion This Valentines Day
8. One Month Later, Haiti Quake Survivors Report Need For Protection From Crime, Rainy Season
9. Fire Protection Online Resolves Safety Concerns with CO2 Fire Extinguishers
10. Medical Nurse Training, Inc. Partners With Healthcare Companies to Develop Corporate Branded, Accredited Programs for Patient/Bed Safety and Fall Prevention/Protection
11. Ongoing Toyota Recall Holds Serious Liability Implications For Manufacturer, but Consumers Must Be Protected, Says Texas Attorney Brad T. Wyly
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... Pittsburgh, PA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 ... ... transplantation, and one that has a significant negative impact on long-term patient survival, ... to date. The results, published online this week in the Journal of Thoracic ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... solutions for drugs, biologics, consumer health and global clinical supply services, today announced ... to support the company’s continued investment and strategic growth plans in the Asia ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... In an effort to provide hair restoration information to the ... users and those who do not use the app. Dr. Mohebi, the founder of Parsa ... Dr. Mohebi Live . , Dr. Mohebi says, “The positive response to the Snapchat ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Eating Recovery Center, Washington ... a brand new child and adolescent residential treatment center on June 1. The ... more specialized eating disorder treatment and access to life-saving care. , To celebrate, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Nike Yoga Camps at ... daily practices, arts & crafts, discussions, and games all geared towards enhancing your ... have combined backgrounds in kids’ yoga, collegiate sport yoga instruction, and global yoga ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/26/2016)... TARE (Transarterial Radio-embolization) Using ... and Overall Decreased Use of Hospital Resource ... specialist healthcare company, has today announced the publication ... of ISPOR (International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes ... using yttrium-90 glass microspheres is associated with cost ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Since ... matured into an essential life science tool for conducting ... applications. BCC Research reveals in its new report that ... growth phase, one powered by a range of new ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140723/694805 ) , ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25, 2016 According to ... Type (3D, 2D, 4D), by Therapeutic Area (Oncology, Cosmeceutical/Plastic ... User (Medical Device Manufacturers, Hospitals/ Clinics) - Forecast to ... Medical Animation Market for the forecast period of 2016 ... 301.3 Million by 2021 from USD 117.3 Million in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: