Navigation Links
Why people put themselves under the knife
Date:3/11/2013

In a long-term study, Prof. Dr. Jrgen Margraf, Alexander von Humboldt Professor for Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy at the RUB, investigated the psychological effects of plastic surgery on approximately 550 patients in cooperation with colleagues from the University of Basel. Patients demonstrated more enjoyment of life, satisfaction and self-esteem after their physical appearance had been surgically altered. The results of the world's largest ever study on this issue are reported by the researchers in the journal "Clinical Psychological Science".

The aim of the research

The researchers examined whether patients who undergo plastic surgery are systematically different from other people, what goals they set themselves before the surgery, and whether they achieve these afterwards. The researchers compared 544 first-time surgery patients with two other groups: on the one hand with 264 people who had previously wanted plastic surgery and then decided against it, and on the other hand, with around 1000 people from the general population who have never been interested in such operations. The desire for a better appearance for aesthetic reasons usually occurs in younger people with slightly above-average incomes. Women represent 87 % of all patients who opt for cosmetic surgery. Overall, there were no significant differences among the three groups studied in terms of psychological and health variables, such as mental health, life satisfaction and depressiveness.

Most patients do not expect the impossible from surgery

Using a psychological instrument, the so-called "Goal Attainment Scaling", the researchers examined what goals the patients wanted to achieve with cosmetic surgery. Alongside open questions, ten standard goals were offered, also including two which were clearly unrealistic: "All my problems will be solved" and "I'll be a completely new person". Only 12 % of the respondents specified these unrealistic standard goals. In the open questions, the patients answered on the whole more realistically, expressing wishes such as to "feel better", "eliminate blemishes" and "develop more self-confidence".

Long-term improvements in psychological variables after surgery

The psychologists tested the patients before surgery, as well as three, six and twelve months afterwards. On average, the participants claimed to have achieved their desired goal, and to be satisfied with the results in the long-term. Compared to those who had chosen not to have plastic surgery, the patients felt healthier, were less anxious, had developed more self-esteem and found the operated body feature in particular, but also their body as a whole, more attractive. No adverse effects were observed. Thus, the researchers were able to establish a high level for the average treatment success of the cosmetic surgery, also in terms of psychological characteristics.


'/>"/>
Contact: Prof. Dr. Juergen Margraf
juergen.margraf@rub.de
49-234-322-3169
Ruhr-University Bochum
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Normal triglyceride levels in people of African descent may hinder diagnosis of metabolic syndrome
2. Anxiety Might Help People Sniff Out Threats
3. People Carrying Guns May Appear Bigger Than They Are
4. CT Scans Deliver More Radiation to Obese People: Study
5. Good intentions bring mixed results for Haitis disabled people
6. Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
7. People Love Talking About Themselves, Brain Scans Show
8. Older People With Dementia Cared for Mostly at Home
9. People With HIV at Higher Odds of Sudden Cardiac Death
10. People Who Lived Near World Trade Center Report More Lung Disease
11. 1 size doesnt fit all when treating blood pressure in people with diabetes, VA/U-M study suggests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... organization devoted exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and serving the lymphoma community ... is poised to once again host, Swirl, A Wine Tasting Event at the ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... In ... across the country gathered at the La Valencia Hotel in San Diego, California ... Chicago was named the year’s most outstanding franchise, walking away with the coveted ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... York, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... gym use and find themselves having to wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s ... their New Year’s resolutions to lose weight and get in shape by joining gyms, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Boar’s Head Brand®, one of the nation’s leading providers of ... Take the stress out of your party preparation – follow these easy, yet delicious ... of the game. , “The key to hosting a successful game-day party is creating ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... At its annual meeting held ... as Chairman of the National Board of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former APDA Chairman, ... stated Leslie A. Chambers , APDA President and CEO. “Pat has tirelessly served ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016 Wegener Polyangiitis - Pipeline Review, ... ,Wegener Polyangiitis - Pipeline Review, H2 2015, provides ... This report provides comprehensive information on the ... analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment by drug ... (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest updates, ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 4, 2016 Frontier Pharma: Chronic Obstructive ... Innovation Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ... inflammation of the airways and lungs. Persistent breathing ... the disease one of the leading causes of ... the world. COPD is linked to cumulative exposure ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... 2016 In response to the opioid abuse epidemic, ... for Medical Products and Tobacco, along with other FDA leaders, ... approach to opioid medications. The plan will focus on policies ... pain access to effective relief. --> ... Re-examine the risk-benefit paradigm for opioids and ensure that the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: