Navigation Links
Why do young adults start smoking?
Date:9/16/2013

The risk of becoming a smoker among young adults who have never smoked is high: 14% will become smokers between the ages of 18 and 24, and three factors predict this behaviour. "Smoking initiation also occurs among young adults, and in particular among those who are impulsive, have poor grades, or who use alcohol regularly," said Jennifer O'Loughlin, a Professor at the University of Montreal School of Public Health (ESPUM) and author of a Journal of Adolescent Health study published in August. O'Loughlin believes smoking prevention campaigns should also target young adults aged 18 to 24.

A recent phenomenon

With smoking rates declining markedly in the past three decades, the researchers cited several studies suggesting that the tobacco industry is increasing its efforts to appeal to young adults.

In the United States, there is a 50% increase in the number of young adults who start smoking after high school.

This trend prompted O'Loughlin and her team at the ESPUM to identify predictors of young adults starting to smoke which may lead to avenues for prevention.

They analyzed data from a cohort study called "NDIT" (Nicotine Dependence in Teens), which began in 1999 in the Greater Montreal Area, in which nearly 1,300 young people aged 12-13 took part.

In this cohort, fully 75% tried smoking. Of these young people, 44% began smoking before high school; 43% began smoking during high school, and 14% began after high school.

Not all, however, continued smoking, but among the "late" smokers, the researchers found that smoking onset is associated with three risk factors: high levels of impulsivity, poor school performance, and higher alcohol consumption.

Explaining the three risk factors

Some late smokers showed greater impulsivity compared to the other participants in the study. According to O'Loughlin, it is possible that impulsivity is more freely expressed when one becomes an adult, since parents are no longer there to exert control. "We can postulate that parents of impulsive children exercise tighter control when they are living with them at home to protect their children from adopting behaviours that can lead to smoking, and this protection may diminish over time," she explains.

In addition, school difficulties increase the risk of becoming a smoker because they are related to dropping out of school and, seeking employment in workplaces where smoking rates are higher.

Finally, since young people are more likely to frequent places where they can consume alcohol, they are more prone to be influenced by smokers, or at least be more easily tempted. "Since alcohol reduces inhibitions and self-control, it is an important risk factor for beginning to smoke," warns O'Loughlin.

Toward targeted prevention campaigns

Smoking prevention campaigns usually target teenagers because studies show that people usually begin to smoke at age of 12 or 13. The phenomenon is well known, and numerous prevention programs are geared toward teenagers.

"Our study indicates that it is also important to address prevention among young adults, especially because advertizing campaigns of tobacco companies specifically target this group," says O'Loughlin.

"This is particularly important because if we can prevent smoking onset among young adults, the likelihood that they will never become smokers is high," she says.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Hawkins Parnell Thacktson & Young LLP Elects Five New Partners
2. Researcher gets National Science Foundations most prestigious award for young faculty
3. New Study Highlights Young People As a Philanthropic Force
4. Study uncovers value of mammogram screening for younger women
5. ACR, SBI on cancer study: More breast cancer screening needed in younger women
6. Dr. Tom Young and Dave Danielson Join USPM as Chief Operating Officer and Chief Marketing Officer, Respectively
7. Young adults on the autism spectrum face tough prospects for jobs and independent living
8. Young Adult and Adolescent "Failure to Launch" Programs Beginning in October at the Birmingham Maple Clinic
9. Drug reduces hospitalizations and cost of treating young children with sickle cell anemia
10. Lesbian and gay young people in England twice as likely to smoke and drink alcohol
11. The Dating Younger Women Program: Review Examining Adam Gilad's Controversial Guide Released
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... Houston Healthconnect’s (Healthconnect) regional health information exchange, which enables physicians at SJMC’s two ... their patients from other participating organizations in the exchange. SJMC’s membership in the ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... CallTrackingMetrics's ... advertising campaigns, to monitor the performance of sales and support staff, and to ... revenue. The software allows customers to record, transcribe, route, document, and report on ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... The Global Wellness Summit (GWS), an annual conference for international ... travel, spa and beauty in Europe. The organization asked its partner experts in Europe ... researchers - to forecast where wellness is headed in Europe. Predictions range from European ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Interest is on the rise for using the CRISPR-Cas9 system ... for RNAi hit validation. A key reason may be that high-throughput synthesis—combined with a ... RNA (crRNA) collections in arrayed formats. , Arrayed crRNA screens have ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... , ... May 31, 2016 , ... Dr. Charles A. ... Dentistry of New Jersey in the class of 1986, where he graduated in the ... at his current location in Livingston since 1989. He has been a member in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2016)... 30, 2016 Eye expert s ... babies to seek an eye examination ...   Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, the first ... London , has identified premature babies as a special concern ... their particular vulnerability to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP is a ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 ... innovative biopharma company focused on the highly lucrative ... a substantial pipeline of potential first-in-class or best-in-class ... are in development with strategic partners. HCM,s profitable ... fast-growing domestic market. We expect progress of the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 According to ... Waste Management Market - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, ... market in the U.S. was valued at US$ 5.89 Bn ... of 3.4% from 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ 7.99 ... of current and emerging needle free drug delivery devices and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: