Navigation Links
When it comes to intelligence, size matters
Date:3/25/2009

This release is available in French.

A collaborative study led by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI), McGill University has demonstrated a positive link between cognitive ability and cortical thickness in the brains of healthy 6 to 18 year olds. The correlation is evident in regions that integrate information from different parts of the brain. The imaging study published this week in a special issue of scientific journal Intelligence is the largest and most comprehensive of its kind with a representative sample of healthy children and adolescents.

This study stems from the NIH MRI Study of Normal Brain Development, for which the MNI was the data coordinating centre. The database contains MRI scans and other data on the structure and function of the developing brains. More than 500 children and adolescents from newborns to 18-year-olds had brain scans multiple times over a period of years as well as intelligence, neuropsychological, verbal, non-verbal and behavioural tests. This information is now contained within the database allowing scientists to study how normal developmental changes in brain anatomy relate to motor and behavioural skills, such as motor coordination and language acquisition. Even higher-order skills like planning, IQ, and organizational skills can be assessed.

Previous studies have shown that intelligence and cognitive ability are correlated with regional brain structure and function. The association between regional cortical thickness and intelligence has been little studied and most previous studies of normal children had a relatively small sample. So with improvements in MRI-based quantification of cortical thickness and a much larger sample, researchers aimed to examine this relationship and to further characterize and identify brain areas where cortical thickness was associated with cognitive performance.

Cortical thickness may in part reflect the amount of complex connections between nerve cells. In other words, thicker cortices are likely to have more complex connections with consequences on cognitive ability. A positive link between cortical thickness and cognitive ability was detected in many areas of the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes. The regions with the greatest relationship were the 'multi-modal association' areas, where information converges from various regions of the brain for processing.

"A principal finding of this study is that it supports a distributed model of intelligence where multiple areas of the brain are involved with cognitive ability difference instead of the view that there is just one centre or structure important for intelligence differences in the brain," says Dr. Sherif Karama, psychiatrist at the MNI and co-investigator in the study. "Previous studies have shown a link between intelligence differences and individual brain structure or function. This is the first time that a correlation between a general cognitive ability factor and essentially most, if not all, cortical association areas is demonstrated in the same study."

A deeper insight into normal cognitive functioning and abilities is an important first step in the understanding of cognitive decline observed in the elderly as well as in those with various pathologies ranging from multiple sclerosis to schizophrenia, depression and mental retardation. Such an understanding may eventually lead to interventions that may be able to prevent or alleviate the decline or complications in cognitive function.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anita Kar
anita.kar@mcgill.ca
514-398-3376
McGill University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. MRI finds breast cancer before it becomes dangerous
2. Comparison of obstetric outcomes between on-call and patients own obstetricians
3. Continued Statin Use Boosts Post-Stroke Outcomes
4. Video: Nutrition Comes to NASCAR
5. MinuteClinic Becomes Participating Provider with Assurant Health
6. QI projects may -- or may not -- improve patient safety and outcomes
7. Hospitals Could Improve Outcomes for Patients and Save Millions According to Hill-Rom 10th Annual Pressure Ulcer Survey
8. Neusoft Becomes First Global Growth Company Partner of World Economic Forum
9. Michael Moores SiCKO Becomes the Third Highest Grossing Documentary of All Time Surpassing An Inconvenient Truth
10. Womens World Banking Welcomes New Network Member From Tunisia
11. Bypass Off-Pump Boosts Womens Outcomes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
When it comes to intelligence, size matters
(Date:12/2/2016)... Wilmington, Delaware (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... has released a new version of its SaaS LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite ... from sample entry through labeling, storing, shipping and disposal. The new version is ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... veterinarian diagnostic imaging systems and the first company to offer robotic ... a Heart at their tradeshow booth # 941 for the American Association of ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Wexford, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... manages stress and overall health, day and night. No other wearable health technology on ... management. We wanted to give poeple more meaningful insights about their health than ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... "Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 is a set of 30 ... titles with just a few clicks of the mouse," said Christina Austin - CEO ... animations. Choose from various styles with accented animations, rigid boxes, simplistic lines, and more. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... hot meals to needy individuals and families from eight different sites throughout Miami-Dade ... Thanksgiving Day. Over 1,000 volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning by putting ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016 According to a ... by Product (Instruments, Reagents, Software), Technology (Immunoassay, Clinical ... Nephrology, Infectious Diseases) - Forecast to 2021" published ... USD 60.22 Billion in 2016. This market is ... during the forecast period (2016-2021) to reach USD ...
(Date:12/2/2016)...  The Addiction Treatment Advisory Group (ATAG), created ... Pharmacy (AMCP), has released detailed findings on how ... addiction crisis, including through improved access to naloxone ... newly released paper, "The Role of Managed Care ... issues around gaps and barriers to addiction treatment ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX ) ... assets and capabilities of the Neovasc, Inc., (NASDAQ: ... as well as a 15% equity stake in Neovasc, ... Neovasc advanced biological tissue business makes elements used in ... System. * Upon completion of the transaction, the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: