Navigation Links
What is the mechanism of the chronic radiation enteritis?
Date:12/23/2008

The use of radiation therapy to treat cancer inevitably involves exposure of normal tissues. Although the benefits of this treatment have been well established, a number of patients experience distressing complications as a result injury to normal tissue These side effects related to inflammatory process cause discomfort and decreases the therapeutic benefit by increasing the overall treatment time.

A research article to be published on December 14, 2008 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addresses the question. The research led by Dr. Christine Linard and her colleagues from the Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear safety (IRSN) in France used experimentally a fractionated colorectal irradiation model to demonstrate an immune imbalance during the radiotherapy protocol and persisting in long term.

They found that without causing histological damage, fractionated radiation induced elevated expression of IL-1beta, TNF alpha, MCP-1, and iNOS in distal colonic mucosa during the early post-irradiation phase. At that time, a Th2 profile was confirmed by expression of both the Th2-specific transcription factor GATA-3 and the chemokine receptor CCR4 and by suppression of the Th1 cytokine IFN gamma/IP-10 throughout the irradiation protocol. After 6 mo, despite the 2-fold reduction of iNOS and MCP-1 levels, the Th2 profile persisted, as shown by a 50% reduction in the expression of the Th1 transcription factor T-bet, the chemokine receptor CCXCR3, and the IFNgamma /STAT1 pathway. At the same time-point, the immunosuppressive IL-10/STAT3 pathway, known to regulate the Th1/Th2 balance, was expressed, in irradiated rats, at approximately half its level as compared to controls. This suppression was associated with an overexpression of SOCS3, which inhibits the feedback of the Th1 polarization and regulates IL-10 production.

The major result is that the immunity alteration persisted in long term, i.e. after the end of the radiotherapy protocol. These data raise the question whether the post-irradiation Th2 polarization in the intestine (both acute and delayed) may result from changes in the dynamics of lymphocyte recirculation.


'/>"/>

Contact: Lai-Fu Li
wjg@wjgnet.com
0086-105-908-0039
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Scientists at CSHL uncover new RNA processing mechanism and a new class of small RNAs
2. Portuguese scientists discover new mechanism that regulates formation of blood vessels
3. USC researchers identify key mechanism that regulates the development of stem cells into neurons
4. Simple brain mechanisms explain arbitrary human visual decisions
5. Researchers identify mechanism, possible drug treatment for tumors in neurofibromatosis
6. PET scans help identify mechanism underlying seasonal mood changes
7. NIH scientists find a novel mechanism that controls the development of autoimmunity
8. Scripps research team unravels new cellular repair mechanism
9. Researchers find differences in swallowing mechanism of Rett syndrome patients
10. Brain Mechanism Can Turn Off Trauma of Bad Memories
11. Insight into mechanisms of diabetes-induced microvascular disease reveals new therapies
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. ... from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating ... one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer ... unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid ... healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... Global law firm Greenberg Traurig, P.A. announced that 20 Florida attorneys are ... for this recognition are considered among the top 2 percent of lawyers practicing within ... of this year’s Legal Elite Hall of Fame: Miami Shareholders Mark D. Bloom, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their ... Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a ... the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Strategic ... Frederick area economy by obtaining investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP ... that have already resulted in more than a million dollars of capital investment ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Forecast to 2022" report to their offering. ... the patients with kidney failure, it replaces the function of ... patient,s blood and thus the treatment helps to keep the ... balance. Increasing number of ESRD patients & ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; ... for its Elecsys BRAHMS PCT (procalcitonin) assay as a ... septic shock. With this clearance, Roche is the first ... integrated solution for sepsis risk assessment and management. ... infection and PCT levels in blood can aid clinicians ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Bracket , a leading clinical trial technology ... outcomes platform, Bracket eCOA (SM) 6.0, at the 52 ... 30, 2016 in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania.  A ... product of its kind to fully integrate with RTSM, will ... 6.0 is a flexible platform for electronic clinical outcomes assessments ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: