Navigation Links
What can 14th century Venice teach us about Ebola and other emerging threats?

The way in which the Italian city of Venice dealt with the outbreak of the plague in the fourteenth century holds lessons on how to even mitigate the consequences of today's emerging threats, like climate change, terrorism, and highly infectious or drug-resistant diseases. So says Dr. Igor Linkov of the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center, and a visiting professor of the Ca Foscari University in Italy. Linkov led an article on resilience management appearing in Springer's journal Environment Systems and Decisions.

Venice was the hub of many trade routes into central Europe, and in 1347 became the epicenter of a plague epidemic. While Venetians initially attempted to mitigate what they believed to be the threatGod, vampires, enacting traditional risk management like prayer and rituals, they eventually began to utilize what we would now call resilience management.

Instead of trying to target a poorly understood risk, state authorities focused on managing physical movement, social interactions, and data collection for the city as a system. This included a system of inspection, lazaretto (quarantine stations) on nearby islands, quarantine periods, and wearing protective clothing. Although these actions were too late to stop the disease's initial devastation, thanks to the cumulative efforts over several hundred years. Venice continued to flourish, experiencing only sporadic episodes of plague thereafter, while in Greece and southern Europe, similar epidemics raged for centuries.

As the world grapples with the current outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, Linkov and his colleagues see opportunities to learn from the Venetians in resilience management. In the case of Ebola, economic and cultural factors make risk management difficult. While it will take time to transform deeply rooted traditions that contribute the spread of the Ebola virus, health experts and national leaders may be able to realize improvements by bolstering the ability of other parts of the system to respond to re-emergence of the disease. Resilience management addresses the ability of a complex system such as a city or community to prepare, absorb, recover, and adapt to unexpected threats.

"Resilience management can be a guide to dealing with the current Ebola outbreak in Africa, and others like it, as well as other issues like population growth and the impacts of global climate change," believes Linkov. "Similar to what the officials of Venice did centuries ago, approaching resilience at the system level provides a way to deal with the unknown and unquantifiable threats we are facing at an increasing frequency."


Contact: Alexander K. Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Related medicine news :

1. 19th century therapy for Parkinsons disease may help patients today
2. Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21)
3. 16th-century Korean mummy provides clue to hepatitis B virus genetic code
4. Green biased yellow fever swept through Irish Immigrants in 19th century US
5. Citizen science more than a century later: Ordinary people go online to track Gulf oil spill
6. JNL Fusion Coined "Workout of the Century" by Top Acupuncturist, Healer & Holistic Expert Janine Jozwiak, Who Owns and Runs Highly Sought After Wellness Clinic
7. International Conference on Governance of Tobacco in the 21st Century
8. Study finds newspapers have changed coverage of ice hockey concussions over last quarter-century
9. New Century Coal Signs Option Adding Over 5 Million Tons; Set to Become Industry Reserve Leaders
10. Creighton Professor Explores Bioethics For The 21st Century In Updated Book
11. Grace Century’s #EHR Project with Quantum Group Sees Final U.S. Health and Human Services Ruling as Potential Boon to Patent Portfolio and Revolutionary Platform PWeR2.0
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Wimbledon ... programs, launches new Wimbledon Athletics Facebook page to educate the public, ... unsuspected cardiac abnormalities. About 2,000 people under the age of 25 die from ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... Smiles by Stevens is pleased to announce ... wrinkling. While many patients are aware of the benefits of Botox® in the treatment ... those suffering with discomfort, soreness, and pain as a result of Jaw Tension, TMJ ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... decades of music, friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen Revue, scheduled ... 5-6. , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been a treasured tradition ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... D.C. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Today, ... fatalities on our nation’s roadways has dropped below 10,000 for the first time since ... 10,076 in 2013. , According to data released by the National Highway Traffic Safety ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... I found that regular bras were incredibly uncomfortable," said an inventor from Bronx, ... bra." , She developed the patent-pending RECOVERY BRA for added comfort and support. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015  Thanks to a donor with a personal ... Center,s Sister Diane Grassilli Center for Women,s Health now ... San Francisco . Fred ... with a gift of $617,320 that allowed the Center ... Tomosynthesis and Whole Breast Ultrasound. Tomosynthesis, three-dimensional (3-D) mammography ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ - ESSA Pharma Inc. ("ESSA" or ... today that the first patient has been enrolled in ... treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ("mCRPC"). ... --> the United States ... 1/2 clinical trial, ESSA intends to demonstrate the safety, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... PUNE, India , November 24, 2015 ... new market research report "Spine Biologics Market by Product Type ... Type (Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion, Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion), ... by MarketsandMarkets, the global market was valued at $1.90 Billion ... 2020, at a CAGR of 4.4% during the forecast period ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: